Kosher Slaughter Method Effectively Banned (Jun. 02, 2014) by Edith Palmer

On February 17, 2014, new animal protection measures entered into force effectively banning kosher slaughter practices in Denmark. Unsedated slaughter has been illegal in Denmark ...

Topic: Agriculture and food; Animal protection; Freedom of religion
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Potential Terrorists Prosecuted for Planning to Support Terrorism in Syria (May. 30, 2014) by Edith Palmer

On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Norway

Groundbreaking Supreme Court Award for Unlawful Loss of Citizenship (Apr. 30, 2014) by Edith Palmer

On April 23, 2014, the Swedish Supreme Court rendered a groundbreaking verdict against the state, requiring it to pay SEK100,000 (about US$15,224) in damages to an ...

Topic: Citizenship and nationality; Constitution; Supreme court
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Data Retention No Longer Required of Telecom Companies (Apr. 24, 2014) by Edith Palmer

Following the April 8, 2014, verdict of the Court of Justice of the European Union invalidating the European Data Retention Directive, the Swedish oversight authority Post-och ...

Topic: Data protection; Right of privacy; Telecommunications
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Fight over Right to Well Care and Child Care Benefits for Non-Citizens from EU Member States (Apr. 14, 2014) by Edith Palmer

For the last few months, a lively debate on the regulation of child care benefits has raged in Denmark. On February 24, 2014, the Danish government ...

Topic: Child welfare; Social welfare; Unemployment benefits
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Universal Health Care for Undocumented Immigrants (Mar. 25, 2014) by Edith Palmer

On March 7, 2014, a new study by the Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) was presented to Social Affairs and Health Minister Susanna ...

Topic: Immigration
Jurisdiction: Finland

Citizenship of Son Not Enough to Prevent Deportation of Suspected Terrorist (Mar. 06, 2014) by Edith Palmer

On December 20, 2013, the Swedish Administrative Supreme Court denied an application for judicial review by a man threatened with deportation. (Sakerheten vager tyngre an ...

Topic: Immigration; National security
Jurisdiction: Sweden

New, More User Friendly, Arbitration Act to Be Discusssed (Feb. 14, 2014) by Edith Palmer

On February 6, 2014, the Swedish Minister of Justice Beatrice Ask published an Op-Ed on the future of arbitration in Sweden. (Beatrice Ask,

Topic: Alternative dispute resolution
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Administrative Courts Reformed (Jan. 06, 2014) by Edith Palmer

On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Constitution; Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Austria

Charges Brought Under New Provision on Driving While Using Cellphones (Dec. 13, 2013) by Edith Palmer

On December 1, 2013, an amendment to the Swedish Traffic Regulation entered into force. Under the new provision, a cellphone or other communications device (such as ...

Topic: Cell phones; Motor vehicles; Transportation safety and security
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Referendum Rejects Limits on Executive Pay (Dec. 12, 2013) by Edith Palmer

On November 24, 2012, the Swiss people voted on a popular initiative that would have amended the Swiss Constitution by adding a new article 110a to ...

Topic: Constitution; Corporations
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Bitcoins Are Capital Property, Not Currency, Says Norwegian Tax Authority (Dec. 11, 2013) by Edith Palmer

Bitcoins, the online currency, have received much media attention in a short time and become an up-and-coming international means of payment. (Joe Light, Virtual-Currency Craze ...

Topic: Currency; Financial services; Internet; Taxation; Value-added tax
Jurisdiction: Norway

New Family Law Regulation: Co-Mother from Birth (Dec. 11, 2013) by Edith Palmer

On December 1, 2013, the new amendment to Denmark's Bandoslash;rneloven (Child Act) that allows the non-birth mother in a lesbian relationship to become a co-mother immediately ...

Topic: Civil law; Families ; Marriage and family status
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Country Police's Roma Database Deemed Illegal (Nov. 19, 2013) by Edith Palmer

The Swedish Commission on Security and Integrity Protection (ISN) has found the compilation of a digital database of individuals with Roma background to be illegal. (Press ...

Topic: Racial and ethnic relations
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Conviction Obtained Under New Law Banning Intrusive Photography (Nov. 18, 2013) by Edith Palmer

In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Right of privacy
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Agreement on Tax Dispute (Oct. 17, 2013) by Edith Palmer

Switzerland and the United States signed an Executive Agreement on August 29, 2013, that was designed to end a dispute between the two countries on issues ...

Topic: International affairs; Taxation
Jurisdiction: Switzerland; United States

Government Permits Merger to Stem IKEA (Oct. 17, 2013) by Edith Palmer

The Danish Competition Agency (Konkurrence- og Forbrugerstyrelsen) on September 25, 2013, approved the purchase of smaller furniture retailers by the Danish-owned company JYSK, in an effort ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Changes to Parental Benefits Plan (Sep. 30, 2013) by Edith Palmer

The Swedish government, on September 24, 2013, presented a budget package to the Parliament (Proposition (Prop.) 2013/14:14, REGERINGSKANSLIET.SE (Sept. 24, 2013)) that includes legislation to ...

Topic: Families; Social security
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Reform of Citizenship Law (Aug. 13, 2013) by Edith Palmer

On July 30, 2013, Austria amended its Citizenship Act (Bundesgesetz mit dem das Staatsburgerschaftsgesetz geandert wird [Amending Act to the Citizenship Act] (July 30, 2013), ...

Topic: Citizenship and nationality
Jurisdiction: Austria

Disclosure of Sperm Donor (Aug. 13, 2013) by Edith Palmer

On February 6, 2013, the Higher Regional Court of Hamm held that a child has the right to obtain information on the identity of the anonymous ...

Topic: Right of privacy
Jurisdiction: Germany

Parliament Passes Legislation to Strike the Word "Race" from All French Laws (Aug. 06, 2013) by Edith Palmer

On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: France

Constitutional Court Rejects Petition for Declaratory Judgment Brought by the National Democratic Party (Apr. 25, 2013) by Edith Palmer

On February 20,2013, the Federal Constitutional Court rejected a petition of the National Democratic Party of Germany (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands, NPD) for a declaratory judgment on ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Germany

Minor Constitutional Flaws in Anti-Terrorist Database (Apr. 25, 2013) by Edith Palmer

On April 24, 2013, the Federal Constitutional Court issued a judgment in which it largely upheld the constitutionality of a German anti-terrorist database, while requiring the ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Germany

Patients' Rights (Apr. 23, 2013) by Edith Palmer

On February 25, 2013, Germany promulgated an Act Improving the Rights of Patients [hereinafter Patients' Rights Act]. (Gesetz zur Verbesserung der Rechte von Patientinnen und ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Germany

Referendum on Executive Pay (Mar. 27, 2013) by Edith Palmer

On Sunday, March 3, 2013, the Swiss people voted for a popular initiative to limit executive pay. Voter participation was over 45%, and 68% of those ...

Topic: Corporations
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

East German Stasi Harassment of Emigres Revealed in Files (Mar. 26, 2013) by Edith Palmer

More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Germany

Popular Vote Retains Military Conscription (Feb. 05, 2013) by Edith Palmer

On January 20, 2013, Austrians voted on whether to retain military conscription or establish a paid career army instead. With 59.7% of the voters upholding the ...

Topic: Armed forces and national security
Jurisdiction: Austria

Right-Wing Extremist Database Proposed (Feb. 08, 2012) by Edith Palmer

On January 18, 2012, the Federal Cabinet submitted a draft law to the German Parliament that proposes the creation of a database on right-wing extremists (

Topic: Police power
Jurisdiction: Germany

Right to IVF Treatment Not Dependent on Sexual Orientation (Nov. 25, 2011) by Edith Palmer

On October 13, 2011, the Stockholm District Court found that a Swedish Vandaring;rdcentral [public health provider] had discriminated against a homosexual woman who wanted to undergo ...

Topic: Discrimination
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Refusal of Entry into Store Not Discrimination (Nov. 25, 2011) by Edith Palmer

In October 2011, the Swedish Supreme Court decided not to hear a discrimination case on a fur store owner's refusal to admit four Romani customers into ...

Topic: Discrimination
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Supreme Court Rejects State Immunity Claim Against Enforcement Measures (Oct. 19, 2011) by Edith Palmer

In a July 1, 2011, decision, the Swedish Supreme Court rejected a state immunity claim as grounds for refusing the enforcement of an arbitral award. (

Topic: Property
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Police Criticized for Treatment of Beggars (Oct. 19, 2011) by Edith Palmer

In a June 2011 decision, the Swedish Parliamentary Ombudsman sharply criticized the Stockholm Police Department for deporting 26 "beggars" of Romani ethnicity. (Allvarlig kritik mot Polismyndigheten ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Supreme Court Defines Swedish Jurisdiction in Child Custody Battles (Oct. 19, 2011) by Edith Palmer

The Swedish Supreme Court, on July 5, 2011, decided that there is no basis for Swedish jurisdiction over a custody battle when the child's "habitual residence" ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Military Conscription (Oct. 05, 2011) by Edith Palmer

On October 3, 2011, the Federal Commission for Childhood and Youth Issues (Eidgenssische Kommission fur Kinder- und Jugendfragen (last visited Oct. 4, 2011)) published a ...

Topic: Armed forces and national security
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Tax Credit for Dividends (the Meilicke II Decision) (Jul. 18, 2011) by Edith Palmer

On June 30, 2011, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a second preliminary ruling for the German referring court in the Meilicke case (Case ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Germany

Post-Punishment Detention (Jul. 15, 2011) by Edith Palmer

In Germany, dangerous criminals may be kept under detention after they have served their prison sentences, if there is reason to fear that they would commit ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Germany

Dawes and Young Plan Bonds Paid Off (Oct. 28, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On October 1, 2010, Germany paid off the last residual interest payments of the bond issues through which the Dawes and Young plans were privatized, thereby ...

Topic: Economics and Public Finance
Jurisdiction: Germany

Extradition and Family Unification Rights Balanced (Oct. 28, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On August 24, 2010, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof (OGH)) ruled in favor of extraditing a fugitive to Macedonia by holding that his extradition did ...

Topic: Extradition
Jurisdiction: Austria

Fees for Exchange of Tax Information Proposed (Oct. 21, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On October 18, 2010, the Finance Committee of the National Council (Nationalrat), the representative chamber of the Swiss bicameral Parliament, submitted a motion to the Federal ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Decriminalization of Narcotics Consumption Proposed (Oct. 20, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On October, 15, 2010, the Committee for Social Security and Health of the National Council (Nationalrat), the representative chamber of the bicameral Swiss Parliament, resolved to ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Health; Drug trafficking
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Legal Issues Concerning Islam Discussed at Jurists' Convention (Oct. 18, 2010) by Edith Palmer

The 68th German Convention of Jurists was held in Berlin on September 21 24 (Deutscher Juristentag (Sept. 24, 2010), http://www.djt.de/). One of the ...

Topic: Church and state relations
Jurisdiction: Germany

Genetic Modification and Freedom of Speech (Oct. 18, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On September 8, 2010, the German Federal Constitutional Court (FCC) issued a decision that balanced freedom of speech against commercial interests. The case involved a multinational ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: Germany

Solar Energy Encouragements Reduced (Sep. 10, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On August 11, 2010, Germany amended the Renewable Energy Act of 2008 (Erstes Gesetz zur Anderung des Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetzes, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I at 1170, amending Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz, Oct. 25, ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Germany

Tax Treatment of European Losses (Sep. 09, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On June 9, 2010, the German Federal Fiscal Court (Bundesfinanzhof) issued two decisions that describe the circumstances under which losses incurred by a permanent establishment in ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Germany

Equal Tax Treatment for Same-Sex Partnerships Required (Sep. 03, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On July 21, 2010, the German Federal Constitutional Court held that the constitutional guarantee of equality requires that the inheritance tax applicable to the survivors of ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Germany

Exchange of Tax Information (Sep. 03, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On September 1, 2010, the Swiss Federal Council (Bundesrat, Federal Cabinet) adopted the Regulation on Administrative Assistance Accorded to Double Taxation Conventions (Amtshilfeverordnung [Administrative Assistance Regulation], ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Court Permits Embryo Screening (Aug. 31, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On July 6, 2010, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof) issued a decision that permits pre-implantation testing to screen for serious genetic defects (Docket No. ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Germany

Federal Procedural Laws Enacted (Aug. 25, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Custody for Out-of-Wedlock Children (Aug. 20, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On July 21, 2010, Germany's Federal Constitutional Court (FCC, Bundesverfassungsgericht) issued a decision that strengthened the rights of fathers of out-of-wedlock children (Docket No. 1 BvR ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Germany

Contributions to European Financial Stability (Jun. 01, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On May 7, 2010, Germany's President signed into law the Act on the Providing of Loan Guarantees to Support the Solvency of the Hellenic Republic Required ...

Topic: Economics and Public Finance
Jurisdiction: Germany

Court Decision Denies Release of UBS Bank Records to the IRS (Jan. 29, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On January 21, 2010, the Swiss Administrative Court rescinded a decision of the Swiss Federal Tax Administration that would have released Swiss banking records to the ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Privacy Rights of Crime Victim Outweigh Freedom of the Press (Jan. 20, 2010) by Edith Palmer

In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Austria

New Law Encourages Multilingual Culture (Jan. 19, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On January 1, 2010, a new Swiss law went into effect that aims at preserving the multilingual culture of Switzerland. (Bundesgesetz uber die Landessprachen und die ...

Topic: Languages
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Treaties on Exchange of Tax Information (Jan. 12, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On December 18, 2009, the Federal Council (Bundesrat), the chamber representing the states in the Austrian legislature, approved the resolutions of the National Council (Nationalrat, representative ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Austria

Federal Administrative Court Chastises Financial Markets Authority for Releasing UBS Records to IRS (Jan. 08, 2010) by Edith Palmer

On January 5, 2010, the Federal Administrative Court issued a judgment in which it held that the Swiss Financial Markets Supervisory Authority (Eidgenssische Finanzmarktaufsicht, FINMA)had acted ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Referendum Bans Minarets (Dec. 04, 2009) by Edith Palmer

On November 29, 2009, the Swiss people approved a popular initiative that inserts into the Federal Constitution a new article 72, paragraph 3, that states, "[t]he ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Exchange of Tax Information (Dec. 04, 2009) by Edith Palmer

On November 11, 2009, the Principality of Liechtenstein announced that the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is taking Liechtenstein off the "Grey List" of ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Liechtenstein

Information on Tax Evasion (Dec. 04, 2009) by Edith Palmer

On November 17, 2009, the Swiss Federal Authorities gave a progress report on the processing of U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requests for information on the ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Restitution of Nazi-Looted Art (Dec. 02, 2009) by Edith Palmer

On November 23, 2009, Austria promulgated the Act Amending the Federal Act Concerning Restitution of Works of Art from Austrian Federal Museums and Collections (BUNDESGESETZBLATT I ...

Topic: Cultural heritage
Jurisdiction: Austria

Social Security Contributions (Dec. 01, 2009) by Edith Palmer

On November 11, 2009, the German Federal Minister for Labor and Social Issues promulgated the 2010 contribution rate for the statutory old-age pension system. (Bekanntmachung der ...

Topic: Employee benefits
Jurisdiction: Germany

Agreement on Exchange of Tax Information (Oct. 06, 2009) by Edith Palmer

On August 11, 2009, Liechtenstein and the United Kingdom signed a Tax Information Exchange Agreement and a Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Tax Matters. The ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Liechtenstein; United Kingdom

Immigration Law Reform Eases Hiring of Highly Qualified Aliens (Apr. 09, 2009) by Edith Palmer

On January 1, 2009, a Worker Migration Control Act (Gesetz zur arbeitsmarktadequaten Steuerung der Zuwanderung Hochqualifizierter und zur Anderung weiterer aufenthaltsrechtlicher Regelungen (Arbeitsmigrationssteuerungsgesetz), Dec. 20, 2008, ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Germany

Census (Apr. 01, 2009) by Edith Palmer

On January 20, 2009, Switzerland promulgated a Census Regulation that became effective on February 1 (Volkszahlungsverordnung, Dec. 19, 2008, Amtliche Sammlung des Bundesrechts 241 (2009), available ...

Topic: Census
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Succession of Cabinet Members (Mar. 31, 2009) by Edith Palmer

On January 21, 2009, Switzerland promulgated a Reform Act to the Parliamentary Act (Bundesgesetz uber die Bundesversammlung (Parlamentsgesetz) Anderung, Oct. 3, 2008, Amtliche Sammlung des Bundesrechts ...

Topic: Government
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Child Pornography (Mar. 31, 2009) by Edith Palmer

On February 3, 2009, Switzerland promulgated an amendment to the Constitution that abolishes any statutory limitation of actions for pornographic or sexual offenses committed against prepubescent ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Inheritance Tax Reform (Mar. 25, 2009) by Edith Palmer

As of January 1, 2009, a reform of inheritance tax legislation in Germany exempts family homes and business enterprises from taxation under certain circumstances (Gesetz zur ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Germany

Constitutional Court Decision on Electronic Voting (Mar. 25, 2009) by Edith Palmer

On March 3, 2009, the Federal Constitutional Court issued a decision that may prevent the use of electronic voting machines in future German elections. (Bundesverfassungsgericht, Docket ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Germany

Banking Support Package (Nov. 20, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On October 26, 2008, the Austrian Parliament enacted a support package for the financial sector (Bundesgesetzblatt (BGBl) I No. 136/2008). It consists of two new laws: ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Austria

Bank Rescue Plan (Oct. 24, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On October 17, 2008, the Federal Government of Germany promulgated the Act Creating a Financial Markets Stabilization Fund that became effective on October 18, 2008 (Gesetz ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Germany

Reformed Law of Private Foundations (Sep. 08, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On August 26, 2008, Liechtenstein promulgated the Act Reforming the Persons and Companies Act, which introduces a new Act on Foundations. The Reform Act (Gesetz uber ...

Topic: Associations
Jurisdiction: Liechtenstein

Act Adopted to Improve Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (Sep. 04, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On July 7, 2008, the German legislature adopted the Act on Improving the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (Gesetz, Bundesgesetzblatt (BGBl) 2008 I at 1191), which ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: Germany

Paternity Testing (Jun. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

The Act for the Establishment of Paternity Without a Proceeding to Contest Paternity, enacted on March 28, 2008 (BUNDESGESETZBLATT (BGBL, official law gazette of the Federal ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Germany

Biofuel Requirements (May. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On April 4, 2008, Sigmar Gabriel, the Federal Environmental Minister of Germany, withdrew a controversial draft regulation that contained strict sustainability criteria for biofuels and that ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Germany

Energy-Using Products (May. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On February 27, 2008, the German Parliament enacted the Act Concerning Energy-Using Products (BUNDESGESETZBLATT I at 258), which transposes into German law the European Union's ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Germany

Deportation of Illegal Aliens (May. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On March 15, 2008, the Austrian Constitutional Court held that the deportation of an illegal alien is unconstitutional if it violates the guarantee of the family ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Austria

Heavy Vehicle Tax (May. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On March 26, 2008, Switzerland promulgated amendments to the Heavy Vehicle Tax Act that enhance enforcement of the user fees imposed on heavy passenger cars and ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Reform of Law on Insurance Contracts (Apr. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

A major reform of the German laws governing insurance contracts was enacted on November 23, 2007 (Gesetz zur Reform des Versicherungsvertragsrechts, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I at 2631). It ...

Topic: Consumer protection
Jurisdiction: Germany

Crime Victim Compensation (Apr. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On April 8, 2008, Switzerland promulgated an Act on Crime Victim Compensation (Opferhilfegesetz, Mar. 23, 2007, AMTLICHE SAMMLUNG (AS) 1607 (2008)) that will become effective on ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Environmental Automobile Tax (Apr. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On February 29, 2008, Austria promulgated a law entitled Environmental Act 2007 (BUNDESGESETZBLATT (BGBl) I No. 46/2008). This law makes the tax burden on passenger cars ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Austria

Coal Mining Subsidies (Apr. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On December 12, 2007, the President of Germany promulgated the Act to Finance the Termination of Subsidized Coal Mining by 2018 (BUNDESGESETZBLATT I at 3086). The ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Germany

Earth Observation Satellites (Mar. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On November 23, 2007, Germany promulgated the Act Protecting Against the Endangerment of German Security Through the Proliferation of High Resolution Aerial Imagery of the Earth ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Germany

Online Searches of Personal Computers (Mar. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On February 27, 2008, the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany issued a decision on online searches of personal computers by the intelligence agencies (Docket No. 1 ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Germany

Sustainability Criteria for Biofuels (Mar. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On January 30, 2008, Switzerland promulgated the Act Amending the Mineral Oil Tax Act (Minerallsteuergesetz, Anderung, AMTLICHE SAMMLUNG (AS) 579) and the Act Amending the Mineral ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Terrorism Trial (Mar. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On March 3, 2008, the trial of two suspected terrorists began in the Regional Court of Vienna. The accused were spouses who were Austrian citizens of ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Austria

Consumer Protection (Feb. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On November 13, 2007, Austria enacted a major reform of its Act Against Unfair Competition (UWG-Novelle 2007, BUNDESGESETZBLATT no. 79/2007), which implements the European Union Directive ...

Topic: Consumer protection
Jurisdiction: Austria

Sentencing (Feb. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On August 23, 2007, the Third Criminal Panel of the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof) proposed a sentencing decision to the Court's Great Panel for ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Germany

Child Allowance (Feb. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On January 22, 2008, Switzerland promulgated the Federal Act on Family Allowances (AMTLICHE SAMMLUNG 131 (2008)). This law increases the paid allowances for children to a ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Unemployment Compensation (Feb. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On December 22, 2007, Germany's legislature enacted the Amending Law to Title 3 of the Social Code (Sechstes Gesetz zur Anderung des Dritten Buches Sozialgesetzbuch, BUNDESGESETZBLATT ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Germany

Damages for Pain and Suffering (Jan. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

In a decision of September 27, 2007 (Oberster Gerichtshof [Supreme Court], Sept. 27, 2007, docket no. 2 Ob 135/07b, at Bundeskanzleramt Rechtsinformationssystem [BKA/RIS]), the ...

Topic: Civil procedure
Jurisdiction: Austria

Telecommunications Surveillance (Jan. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On December 31, 2007, Germany promulgated the Act Reforming Telecommunications Surveillance and Other Covert Investigative Measures and Transposing Directive 2006/24/EC (Gesetz zur Neuerung der Telekommunikationsuberwachung und ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Germany

Federal Archives (Jan. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On December 28, 2007, the Federal Ministry of the Interior of Switzerland re-promulgated a list of federal archival material that is not being made available to ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Terrorism (Jan. 02, 2008) by Edith Palmer

On December 5, 2007, the Higher Regional Court (Oberlandesgericht) of Dusseldorf convicted a citizen of Syria and two nationals of Palestine of membership in a terrorist ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Germany

Continuing Detention of Sex Offender (Dec. 02, 2007) by Edith Palmer

On October 19, 2007, the Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof) (FCJ) of Germany issued a decision that led to the release of a still dangerous sex ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Germany

Undercover Agents and Self-Incrimination (Dec. 02, 2007) by Edith Palmer

On July 26, 2007, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof) (FCJ) held that an undercover agent may not persistently urge a suspect to confide in ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Germany

Arms Control (Dec. 02, 2007) by Edith Palmer

On November 14, 2007, the Swiss Commerce Department (Eidgensasisches Volkswirtschaftsdepartment, EVD) announced that it suspended an export permit for 21 Swiss-produced anti-aircraft missile systems for Pakistan. ...

Topic: Import and export
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Forced Marriage (Dec. 02, 2007) by Edith Palmer

The Swiss Federal Council (the executive branch of the Swiss government) communicated to the Swiss parliament its concern over the high incidence of forced marriages among ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Internet Banking (Nov. 02, 2007) by Edith Palmer

On July 5, 2007, the Administrative Court of Frankfurt am Main upheld an administrative decision of the German Banking Supervisory Agency (Bundesanstalt fur Finanzdienst-leistungsaufsicht) that forbade ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Germany

Proving Foreign Law (Nov. 02, 2007) by Edith Palmer

In a recent decision, the Austrian Administrative Courts reiterated that the parties in administrative proceedings may have an obligation to prove foreign law, if finding the ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Austria

Transposition of EU Directives on Immigration and Asylum (Nov. 02, 2007) by Edith Palmer

On August 19, 2007, the German Parliament enacted the Act to Transpose European Union Directives on Immigration and Asylum (BUNDESGESETZBLATT I at 1970). The Act transposes ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Germany

Flat Rate Tax (Nov. 02, 2007) by Edith Palmer

The Swiss Canton of Obwalden is in the process of introducing a flat rate tax on individual incomes, to be applied for the first time in ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Switzerland