Law Library Stacks

The Law Library of Congress produces reports primarily for members of Congress.  The legal research reports listed below by topic provide commentary and recommended resources on issues and events. These reports are provided for reference purposes only and do not constitute legal advice. The information provided reflects research undertaken as of the date of writing, which has not been updated unless specifically noted.

The most recent reports are highlighted on our Current Legal Topics page.

Adoption, Custody, and Parentage

Adoption Law May 2013 Turkey; United States PDF, 161KB
Hague Convention on International Child Abduction June 2004 51 jurisdictions; European Union PDF, 1.77MB
Provisions on Child Abduction in Non-Hague Countries May 2015 38 countries PDF, 259KB

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Aeronautics and Space

Germany: Privatization of Air Traffic Control May 2015 Germany PDF, 177KB

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Armed Forces

Article 9 of the Constitution Feb. 2006 Japan PDF, 418KB
Family and Medical Leave Benefits Provided by the Military June 2014 Denmark; Israel; Norway; Sweden PDF, 205KB
Interpretations of Article 9 of the Constitution Sept. 2015 Japan PDF, 954KB
Military Justice July 2013 Australia; canada; France; Germany; Israel; United Kingdom PDF, 1.08MB
Supreme Court Decision Invalidating the Law on Haredi Military Draft Postponement Mar. 2012 Israel PDF, 130KB

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Banking and Finance

History of Corruption and the Stanford Case Jan. 2011 Antigua and Barbuda PDF, 104KB
New Law on Banking and Financial Regulation Feb. 2010 France PDF, 106KB
Regulation of Bitcoin in Selected Jurisdictions Jan. 2014; updated June 2014 40 countries; European Union PDF, 129KB

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Communications

Forthcoming

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Constitutional Issues

2013 Government Composition and Coalition Agreements Apr. 2013 Israel PDF, 375KB
The Constitution n/a United States n/a
Constitutional Crisis: Applicable Authorities Nov. 2009 Honduras PDF, 312KB
Constitutional Law and the Political Rights of Religious Communities Apr. 2012 Lebanon PDF, 258KB
Constitutional Law Issues Aug. 2009 Honduras PDF, 135KB
Constitutional Provisions on National and Religious Identity Dec. 2014 37 countries PDF, 149KB
Crisis in the Judiciary Apr. 2007 Pakistan n/a
Habeas Corpus Rights  Mar. 2009 13 countries PDF, 213KB
The Hariri Assassination June 2007 Lebanon PDF, 102KB
The Impact of Foreign Law on Domestic Judgments Mar. 2010 13 countries PDF, 608KB
Legal Framework for Arbitration Aug. 2014 Egypt PDF, 225KB
Legal History and Traditions June 2004 Iraq PDF, 299KB
Legal Implications of Castro's Resignation Feb. 2008 Cuba PDF, 222KB
Musharraf’s Resignation Oct. 2008 Pakistan n/a
The Parot Doctrine and the European Court of Human Rights Mar. 2014 Spain; Council of Europe see report
Proclamation of Emergency Nov. 2007 Pakistan n/a
Right to Peaceful Assembly Oct. 2014 6 countries; United States; European Court of Human Rights PDF, 229KB
Rules of Judicial Ethics: A Comparative Study Sept. 2014 Mali PDF, 191KB
Saddam Hussein Trial July 2007 Iraq n/a
Sentencing Guidelines Apr. 2014 Australia; England and Wales; India; South Africa; Uganda PDF, 370KB
Supreme Court Nominations n/a United States n/a

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Crime and Law Enforcement

Bribery Act 2010 - Anti-Corruption Legislation with Significant Jurisdictional Reach Mar. 2011 United Kingdom PDF, 248KB
Former President Hosni Mubarak Trials June 2011; updated June 2014 Egypt n/a
INTERPOL: Red Notices July 2010 INTERPOL PDF, 261KB
Legal Status of Khat May 2015 Djibouti; Ethiopia; Jordan; Kenya; Somalia; Turkey; Yemen PDF, 165KB
Miranda Warning Equivalents Abroad May 2016 108 jurisdictions PDF, 790KB
Mohammed Morsi Trial Apr. 2014 Egypt PDF, 133KB
Training Related to Combating Human Trafficking Feb. 2016 18 countries PDF, 2.29MB

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Education, Family, and Children's Rights

Children's Rights Aug. 2007 16 countries PDF, 1.58MB
The Education of Non-Native Language Speaking Children Apr. 2009 European Union; France; Israel; Japan; United Kingdom PDF, 264KB
Laws on Children Residing with Parents in Prison July 2014 97 countries; United Nations; Council of Europe; European Union PDF, 767KB

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Elections and Campaign Finance

Campaign Finance May 2009 Australia; France; Germany; Israel; United Kingdom PDF, 363KB
Citizens United v. FEC and the Future of Federal Campaign Finance Reform n/a United States n/a
Election Laws Apr. 2011 Nigeria PDF, 268KB
General Election May 2010 United Kingdom n/a
General Elections Nov. 2011 New Zealand n/a
Parliamentary Elections Nov. 2007 Russia PDF, 155KB
Presidential Election and the Conflicting Constitutional Interpretations Oct. 2007 Lebanon n/a
Regulation of Campaign Finance and Free Advertising Mar. 2016 Austria, Canada, Finland, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, United Kingdom PDF, 833KB

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Emergency and Disaster Relief

Legal Responses to the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 Sept. 2013 Japan PDF, 1.92MB

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Extradition

Extradition of Citizens July 2013 Brazil and 157 Jurisdictions PDF, 397KB

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Government Powers and Litigation

Forthcoming

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Government Spending

Bond Requirements in a Procurement Protest Procedure June 2014 21 countries PDF, 362KB
Foreign Aid Regulation Mar. 2012 18 countries; European Union PDF, 2.54MB
Government Procurement Law and Policy Mar. 2010 Brazil; Canada; China; India; Japan; Russia; European Union PDF, 375KB
National Funding of Road Infrastructure Mar. 2014 14 countries PDF, 640KB
Stimulus Plans: Recent Developments Mar. 2009 17 countries; European Union n/a
Welfare Reform Act 2012 May 2012 Great Britain PDF, 128KB

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Gun Control and Firearm Possession

Firearms-Control Legislation and Policy Feb. 2013 18 countries; European Union PDF, 1.54MB
Police Weapons Sept. 2014 18 countries; Council of Europe PDF, 1021KB

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Healthcare, Safety, and Bioethics

Abortion Legislation in Europe Jan. 2015 22 countries PDF, 399KB
Approval of Medical Devices Sept. 2014 15 countries; European Union PDF, 2.29MB
Bioethics Legislation Oct. 2012 10 countries PDF, 750KB
Child Restraint and Seatbelt Regulations Apr. 2014 26 countries PDF, 350KB
Electronic Cigarettes July 2015 Germany PDF, 289KB
Legal Responses to Health Emergencies Feb. 2015 25 countries; European Union; World Health Organization PDF, 1.32MB
Medical Malpractice Liability June 2009 Canada; England and Wales; Germany; India PDF, 210KB
Reproduction and Abortion: Law and Policy Feb. 2012 Israel PDF, 265KB
Sex Selection & Abortion June 2009 Australia; Canada; India; New Zealand PDF, 142KB
State Legislation on Comprehensive Health Care Coverage July 2009 United States n/a

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Immigration, Nationality, and Citizenship

Citizenship Based on Birth in Country May 2012 France; Germany; Greece; Italy; Portugal; Spain; United Kingdom PDF, 418KB
Citizenship Pathways and Border Protection Mar. 2013 13 countries; Schengen area PDF, 1.01MB
'Climate Change Refugee’ Case Overview July 2015 New Zealand PDF, 353KB
Family Reunification Laws July 2014 71 countries; United States; European Union PDF, 474KB
Fourteenth Amendment and Citizenship n/a United States n/a
Guest Worker Programs Feb. 2013 14 countries; European Union; International Labour Organization PDF, 785KB
Investor Visas Aug. 2013 13 countries PDF, 773KB
Legal Status of Refugees Dec. 2013 Egypt; Jordan; Lebanon; Iraq PDF, 106KB
Major Overhaul of Immigration Policies in 2013 Apr. 2013 Netherlands PDF, 126KB
Points-Based Immigration Systems Mar. 2013 Australia; Canada; United Kingdom PDF, 566KB
Refugee Law and Policy Mar. 2016 22 countries; European Union PDF, 2.11MB

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Import-Export, Trade, Contracts, and Investment

Forthcoming

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Indigenous and Cultural Property

Destruction of Cultural Property Apr. 2009 Cyprus PDF, 445KB
Mâori Culture and Intellectual Property Law Dec. 2010 New Zealand PDF, 422KB
Preservation of Historical Cemeteries Apr. 2014 18 countries; United States PDF, 291KB
Repatriation of Historic Human Remains July 2009 Australia; New Zealand; United Kingdom PDF, 295KB

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Insurance, Social Security, and Retirement

Forthcoming

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Intellectual Property

Patent Term Extensions and Adjustments Mar. 2016 8 countries; European Union PDF, 279KB
Protection of Trade Secrets Aug. 2013 Brazil; China; India; Russia; South Africa PDF, 475KB

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Labor Law

Forthcoming

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Law Library of Congress

Forthcoming

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Lawyers, Judiciary, and Legal Training

Forthcoming

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Legal History, Traditions, and System

National Parliaments Jan. 2016 Australia; Canada; China; Finland; France; Germany; Japan; Mexico; South Korea; Sweden and the United Kingdom PDF, 1.13MB

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Marriage, Divorce, and Estates

Inheritance Laws in the 19th and 20th Centuries Mar. 2015 France; Germany; United States; England and Wales see report
Spousal Agreements for Couples Not Belonging to Any Religion—A Civil Marriage Option? Sept. 2015

Israel

PDF, 407KB

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Minority and Human Rights

Constitutional Provisions on Women's Equality  July 2011 111 countries PDF, 171KB
Laws on Homosexuality in African Nations Feb. 2014 49 countries PDF, 265KB
Status of Minorities Oct. 2012 Greece PDF, 668KB

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Motor Vehicles and Road Infrastructure

Forthcoming

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Plants, Animals, and the Environment

Crude Oil Royalty Rates Jan. 2015 22 countries PDF, 277KB
Measures to Implement MARPOL Convention Annex VI, Chapter 4 June 2014 United Kingdom PDF, 103KB
Oil Spill Liability and Regulatory Regime June 2010 Australia; Brazil; Canada; Norway; United Kingdom PDF, 343KB
Plant Protection: Edelweiss Oct. 2012 Austria; France; Germany; India; Slovenia; Switzerland PDF, 248KB
Regulations Concerning the Private Possession of Big Cats June 2013 21 countries; European Union PDF, 1.08MB
Restrictions on Genetically Modified Organisms Mar. 2014 21 countries; United States; European Union; International Protocols PDF, 1.28MB
Slaughter of Domestic Animals May 2014 Sweden PDF, 92KB
Sustainability Criteria for Bio-fuels Jan. 2008 Australia; France; Germany; Switzerland PDF, 211KB
Legislation on Use of Water in Agriculture Oct. 2010 19 countries PDF, 734KB
Wildlife Trafficking and Poaching Jan. 2013 Botswana; Central African Republic; Kenya; Mozambique; South Africa; Tanzania PDF, 384KB

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Privacy Rights and Data Protection

Biometric Data Retention for Passport Applicants and Holders Mar. 2014 14 countries; United States PDF, 177KB
ECJ Invalidates Data Retention Directive June 2014 European Union PDF, 212KB
Foreign Intelligence Gathering Laws Dec. 2014 France; Netherlands; Portugal; Romania; Sweden; European Union PDF, 354KB
Online Privacy Law June 2012; updated May 2014 12 countries; European Union see report

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Property and Land Rights

Real Property Law Oct. 2014; updated Mar. 2015 China PDF, 111KB

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Religion and the Law

Constitutional Law and the Political Rights of Religious Communities Dec. 2010 Lebanon n/a
Criminal and Ethical Aspects of Municipal Rabbis' Letter Concerning the Sale or Rental of Property in Israel to Non-Jews Dec. 2010 Israel PDF, 133KB
Highlights Of Parliamentary Report On The Wearing Of The Full Veil (Burqa) Feb. 2010 France n/a
International Relations under Islamic Law (Shari’a): Dar al-Harb (House of War) vs. Dar al-Islam (House of Islam) Mar. 2012 n/a PDF, 280KB
Inter-Religious Marriage July 2010 Indonesia PDF, 111KB
Laws Criminalizing Apostasy May 2014 23 countries PDF, 215KB
The Role of Islamic Law in Tunisia’s Constitution and Legislation Post-Arab Spring Mar. 2011 Tunisia PDF, 148KB
What is Sharia Law? June 2011 n/a n/a

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Taxation and Corporations

Forthcoming

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Travel Requirements, Visas, and Foreigners' Rights

Legal Requirements for Travel by Unaccompanied Minors July 2014 El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico PDF, 102KB
European Union: Status of Unaccompanied Children Arriving at the EU Borders Sept. 2014 European Union PDF, 390KB

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Treaties and International Agreements

Forthcoming

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War Crimes, Terrorism, and National Security

Counterterrorism and Justice Sept. 2015 Turkey PDF, 390KB
Crimes Against Humanity  Apr. 2010 51 countries; European Union PDF, 315KB
Legal Aspect of War in Georgia Aug. 2008 Russia PDF, 170KB
Legal Aspects of Prisoner Exchanges  Nov. 2014 Israel PDF, 171KB
Legal Provisions on Fighting Extremism  Nov. 2014 China; Pakistan; Russia; Tajikistan PDF, 589KB
Legality of the Decision to Release Convicted Palestinians in the Context of Peace Negotiations Aug. 2013 Israel PDF, 185KB
Norwegian Criminal Law and the July 22, 2011, Massacre Aug. 2011 Norway PDF, 212KB
Participation of Victims of Terrorism in Criminal Appeals Mar. 2013 Israel PDF, 65KB
Pre-Charge Detention for Terrorist Suspects Oct. 2008 United Kingdom PDF, 354KB
Response to Terrorism Sept. 2015 Algeria; Morocco; Saudi Arabia PDF, 928KB
Terrorism Laws Oct. 2008 Australia see report
Treatment of Foreign Fighters Dec, 2014 73 countries; United Nations; European Union PDF, 486KB
Turkey: Recent Developments in National and Public Security Law Nov. 2015 Turkey PDF, 368KB
WWII POW and Forced Labor Compensation Cases Sept. 2008 Japan PDF, 636KB

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Last Updated: 06/27/2016