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Summary

Jordan has enacted Law No. 9 of 2009 on the Prevention of Human Trafficking.  Articles 4, 5, and 16 allow the Council of Ministers and the National Committee on Preventing Human Trafficking to decide on how best to implement the Law.  No legislative or administrative instruments addressing the roles and responsibilities of the various government agencies in this respect were located.  However, various officials have attended training related to combating human trafficking.

I.  Legal Framework on Human Trafficking

According to the U.S. Department of State, Jordan is a source, destination, and transit country for adults and children subjected to forced labor and to a lesser extent, sex trafficking.[1]

Jordan has enacted Law No. 9 of 2009 on the Prevention of Human Trafficking (2009 Law).[2]  This Law criminalizes all forms of human trafficking and imposes penalties of between 6 months and ten years of imprisonment and/or a fine of 5,000 to 20,000 Jordanian dinars .[3]

Article 4 of the 2009 Law provides for the formation of the National Committee on Preventing Human Trafficking.  The Committee is composed of the Minister of Justice as president; the Secretary General of the Ministry of Justice as vice-president; the secretaries general of the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Labor, and the National Human Rights Center; representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Social Development, Ministry of Trade and Industry, and the Ministry of Health; a high level officer of the Public Security Department; and the Secretary General of the National Council for Family Affairs.

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II.  Roles and Responsibilities of Government Agencies in Enforcing the Law against Human Trafficking

The 2009 Law does not specifically address the roles and responsibilities of the government agencies regarding the implementation of the Law.  However, article 16 provides that the Council of Ministers has the authority to issue regulations necessary for the implementation of the Law, which could include defining the roles and responsibilities of any government agency in this respect.  In addition, article 5 allows the National Committee on Preventing Human Trafficking to adopt measures necessary to prevent human trafficking and supervise their implementation; to raise awareness of employers and those who import workers about human trafficking through conventions, seminars, and workshop training; and to coordinate the efforts of public and private organizations concerned with human trafficking.   

On June 4, 2012, the Ministry of Labor and the General Security Administration entered into a three-year agreement to create a special unit charged with combatting human trafficking; this agreement was renewed for another term in July 2015.[4]

On April 16, 2012, the Council of Ministers, in accordance with article 7 of the 2009 Law, issued Decree No. 30 of 2012 establishing a shelter for the victims of human trafficking and assigning its management to a national NGO.[5]

We note that, pursuant to the Criminal Procedure Code, all security forces and other government officials, each within their own domain, have a duty, under the supervision of the Prosecutor General, to investigate crimes, including human trafficking offenses.[6]

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III.  Training Programs for Law Enforcement and NGOs Involvement

The following information has been located regarded training for law enforcement officers and other officials involved in investigating and prosecuting human trafficking offenses:

  • In a filing with the Committee on the Rights of the Child in its 66th session held in May 2014, the Jordanian government stated that it held numerous conventions and “workshop training” regarding human trafficking for judges, law enforcement members, and labor inspectors.[7]
  • The International Labour Organization has been involved in the provision of training to government officials in Jordan for a number of years. For example it provided training on forced labor and human trafficking to labor inspectors in 2008[8] and to police officers, labor inspectors, prosecutors, judges, and other officials in 2013.[9]
  • The website of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) states that a number of Jordanian law enforcement officials have attended a three-day anti-human trafficking workshop organized jointly by the UNODC and the Arab League “to build the capacities of those law enforcement practitioners to effectively prevent and investigate cases of human trafficking while assisting and protecting victims of trafficking.”[10]
  • In 2013, a basic human trafficking training course, delivered by a U.S. federal prosecutor, was provided to Jordanian prosecutors through the Rule of Law Project.[11]

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Prepared by Issam Saliba
Senior Foreign Law Specialist
February 2016


[1] U.S. Department of State, 2015 Trafficking in Persons Report: Jordan, http://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/countries/2015/243464.htm, archived at https://perma.cc/S8HG-ADZY.

[2] Law No. 9 of 2009 on the Prevention of Human Trafficking, Al-Jarida Al-Rasmiya [Official Gazette], No. 4952, p. 920, available at http://www.protectionproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/Jordan_Anti-TIP-Legislation-2009-and-TIP-Law-20082.pdf (in Arabic), archived at https://perma.cc/797J-K69L.

[3] Id. arts. 8 & 9.

[4] The Ministry of Labor and the General Security Renew the Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Anti-Human Trafficking, al Ghad (July 23, 2015), http://www.alghad.com/articles/883277-وزارة-العمل-والأمن-العام-يجددان-مذكرة-مكافحة-الاتجار-بالبشر (in Arabic), archived at https://perma.cc/7YUC-KGZH.

[5] Decree No. 30 of 2012 on Shelters for the Victims and Those Affected by the Crimes of Human Trafficking, Al-Jarida Al-Rasmiya [Official Gazette], No. 5153, p. 1624 (Apr. 16, 2012), available  on the Council of Ministers, Department of Legislation and Legal Opinions website, http://www.lob.gov.jo/AR/Pages/AdvancedSearch.aspx.

[7] Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on the List of Issues for the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child “On the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflicts,” CRC/C/JOR/Q/4–5 (Oct. 30, 2013), http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/Treaties/CRC-OP-AC/Shared%20Documents/JOR/CRC_C_OPAC_JOR_Q_1_Add-1_17264_A.docx (in Arabic), archived at https://perma.cc/JF4L-JJ5A.

[8] Training of Labour Inspectors on Forced Labour and Human Trafficking, International Labour Organization (ILO), http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/forced-labour/events/WCMS_143049/lang--en/index.htm (last visited Feb. 17, 2016), archived at https://perma.cc/NQ2S-PLUH.

[9] Press Release, ILO, Jordan Law Enforcement Officials Train to Combat Forced Labour and Human Trafficking (Feb. 18, 2013), http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---arabstates/---ro-beirut/documents/pressrelease/wcms_211197.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/6PZP-6Q5C.

[10] Jordanian and Iraqi Law Enforcement Officials Receive Anti- Human Trafficking Training, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, https://www.unodc.org/middleeastandnorthafrica/en/web-stories/jordanian-and-iraqi-officials-receive-training-to-combat-human-trafficking.html (last visited Feb. 17, 2016), archived at https://perma.cc/3LZP-HPE9.

[11] Rule of Law Project, Human Trafficking Training: Post Action Report (Sept. 2013), http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PA00JKSC.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/4LM2-P3DX.

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Last Updated: 03/18/2016