Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month is a month to celebrate and pay tribute to the contributions generations of Asian and Pacific Islanders have made to American history, society and culture.
Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month originated in 1978 when Congress passed Pub. L. 95-419 (PDF, 63KB). This law directed the President to issue a proclamation designating the week beginning on May 4, 1979 as Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week. On March 28, 1979, President Carter issued Presidential Proclamation 4650 (external link). In this proclamation, President Carter spoke of the significant role Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders have played in the creation of a dynamic and pluralistic American society with their contributions to the sciences, arts, industry, government and commerce.
Over the next ten years, Presidents Carter, Reagan and George H.W. Bush continued to annually issue proclamations designating a week in May as Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week.
In 1990, Congress passed Pub. L. 101-283 (PDF, 91KB) which amended Pub. L. 95-419. Pub. L. 101-283 requested the President to issue a proclamation which expanded the observance of Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week to a month in May 1990. This law called on the people of the United States to observe Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month with “appropriate ceremonies, programs and activities.” President George H.W. Bush issued Presidential Proclamation 6130 (external link) on May 7, 1990 designating May 1990 as the first “Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month.”
The following year, Pub. L. 102-42 (PDF, 125KB) was passed unanimously by Congress and signed by President George H.W. Bush on May 14, 1991. This law requested that the President proclaim May 1991 and May 1992 as “Asian/Pacific American Heritage Months.” This law also recognized the significance of May 7th and May 10th in the history of Asian/Pacific Americans. May 7, 1843 is the date on which the first Japanese immigrants arrived in the United States while on May 10, 1869 the first transcontinental railroad in the United States was completed with significant contributions from Chinese pioneers. In 1992, Congress passed Pub. L. 102-450 (PDF, 204KB) which permanently designated May of each year as “Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month.”
Pursuant to Pub. L. 102-450 Presidents Clinton, George W. Bush and Obama have annually issued proclamations designating May as “Asian/Pacific American Heritage Heritage Month” and on May 1, 2009 President Obama issued Presidential Proclamation 8369 (PDF) which recalls the challenges faced by Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders and celebrates their great and significant contributions to our society.
Legislative Branch Documents
The public laws between which designate a week or month in May as Asian/Pacific American Heritage Heritage Week or Month are also available in the United States Statutes at Large. The specific citations are as follows:
- Pub. L. 95-419 (PDF, 63KB), 92 Stat.920 (PDF, 62.3 KB)
- Pub. L. 101-283 (PDF, 91KB), 104 Stat. 168 (PDF, 90 KB)
- Pub. L. 102-42 (PDF, 125KB), 105 Stat. 243 (PDF, 124 KB)
- Pub. L. 102-450 (PDF, 204KB), 106 Stat. 2251 (PDF, 203 KB ) currently codified in 36 United States Code 102 (PDF).
Executive Branch Material
Presidential Proclamations and Executive Orders have been used by presidents to rule on substantive issues of law; to administrate the executive branch of government; and to make general announcements to the public. These general announcements which exhort the public to observe a holiday such as Thanksgiving or honor a particular group of citizens as in National Black History Month are usually issued in the form of a Presidential Proclamation. On many occasions Congress will pass a law specifically requesting the President to take certain action such as proclaiming the recognition of a particular group of citizens as Jewish or Hispanic Americans.
Listed below are links to the Presidential Proclamations for Asian/Pacific Heritage Week or Month along with the citations to the Code of Federal Regulations or the Federal Register, the official publications for Presidential Proclamations.
- Proclamation Number 4650 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 26 (1979)
- Proclamation Number 4727 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 22 (1980)
- Proclamation Number 4837 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 24 (1981)
- Proclamation Number 4927 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 39 (1982)
- Proclamation Number 5037 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 28 (1983)
- Proclamation Number 5178 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 36 (1984)
- Proclamation Number 5325 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 37 (1985)
- Proclamation Number 5465 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 49 (1986)
- Proclamation Number 5647 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 65 (1987)
- Proclamation Number 5807 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 64 (1988)
- Proclamation Number 5972 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 50 (1989)
- Proclamation Number 6130 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 75 (1990)
- Proclamation Number 6288 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 76 (1991)
- Proclamation Number 6557 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 44 (1993)
- Proclamation Number 6686 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 49 (1994)
- Proclamation Number 6795 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 39 (1995)
- Proclamation Number 6892 (external link) (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 33 (1996)
- Proclamation Number 6998 (PDF), 62 C.F.R. 64 (1997)
- Proclamation Number 7089 (PDF), 63 C.F.R. 32 (1998)
- Proclamation Number 7189 (PDF), 64 C.F.R. 32 (1999)
- Proclamation Number 7299 (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 69 (2000)
- Proclamation Number 7434 (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 75 (2001)
- Proclamation Number 7550 (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 78 (2002)
- Proclamation Number 7668 (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 56 (2003)
- Proclamation Number 7781 (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 35 (2004)
- Proclamation Number 7894 (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 50 (2005)
- Proclamation Number 8008 (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 45 (2006)
- Proclamation Number 8133 (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 49 (2007)
- Proclamation Number 8247 (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 37 (2008)
- Proclamation Number 8369 (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 61 (2009)
- Proclamation Number 8508 (PDF), 3 C.F.R. 40 (2010)
- Proclamation Number 8659 (PDF), 76 F.R. 25515 (2011)
Presidential Proclamations for the annual observances of Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week, Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month and Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritge Month can be browsed through American Presidency Project (external link) by selecting the year and clicking on the Display button.
Presidential proclamations as well as Presidential statements, messages, remarks for Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month can be searched from the Government Printing Office’s Advanced Search page in the collections for the Code of Federal Regulations, the Compilation of Presidential Documents and the Federal Register.
For more information on Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month see:
Last Updated: 02/28/2014