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Italy: Supreme Court Ruling on Mobile Phones and Tumors

(Oct. 23, 2012) On October 18, 2012, it was reported that <?Italy's Supreme Court had handed down a ruling based on its acceptance of the argument that there is a causal connection between extensive cell phone use and the development of a brain tumor. The Court agreed with the appellant's claim that the growth of […]

China: Blacklist System to Be Established for Pharmaceutical Safety

(Oct. 5, 2012) On August 13, 2012, China’s State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took effect on October 1, 2012. (Text of the Provisions [in Chinese], SFDA website (Aug. 15, 2012).) […]

Russia: Physicians Required to Make House Calls

(Aug. 20, 2012) On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. 20, 2012).) While regulating the system of primary health care provision, the Rules establish that family physicians […]

Turkey: Law Restricting Caesarean Births

(July 17, 2012) Turkey's Parliament passed a new law on July 4, 2012, to limit births by Cesarean section to cases of medical necessity. Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan had declared his opposition to C-section births in May and referred to abortion as a crime; his remarks reportedly were the impetus for the adoption of […]

Brazil: New Law Criminalizes Collateral Security for Emergency Medical Care

(June 5, 2012) On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque caução) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for providing emergency medical care in health care institutions. (Christina Machado, Exigir Cheque Caução para Atendimento Médico […]

Kenya: Court Orders Parliament to Review Law Threatening Access to Generic Medicine

(Apr. 25, 2012) On April 20, 2012, Kenya's High Court ordered the revision of the Anti-Counterfeit Act of 2008 on the grounds that in its current form the Act threatens access to affordable generic medicine. (Kenya Ruling Upholds Access to Generic Drugs, ANGOP (Apr. 21, 2012).) The ruling follows an April 2010 order that had […]

Japan: New Permissible Levels of Radioactivity in Foods

(Apr. 9, 2012) There were no legally binding standards for acceptable levels of radioactivity in food in Japan when the Great East Japan Earthquake hit the country in March 2011. The Food Sanitation Law, however, had a provision that prohibits the sale, use, or supply of foods that are poisonous or harmful for human consumption. […]

Sri Lanka: Restrictions Placed on Sale of Herbicide

(Mar. 28, 2012) Sri Lanka's Ministry of Health has announced it will impose strict regulation on the sale of Paracot, a widely used brand of the herbicide paraquat. The restrictions were first tried as a pilot project in Nuwara Eliya district, in the central highlands of the country, where a large part of Sri Lanka's […]

Israel: Restrictions on Depiction of Underweight Models in Commercials

(Mar. 26, 2012) On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law for Restricting Weight in the Modeling Industry, 5772-2012. The Law defines a model as a person who is photographed for the purpose of the use of his or her body image for advertisement, promotion, or presentation of a product, a service, […]

Israel: Restricting Advertisement and Distribution of Alcoholic Beverages

(Jan. 31, 2012) On January 23, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Restriction on Advertisement and Distribution of Alcoholic Beverages Law, 5772-2012. The Law prohibits advertisements of non-pharmaceutical beverages that contain more than 2% alcohol (“alcoholic beverages”) on road signs/billboards as well as in any printed materials or in broadcasts that are designed for […]