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Egypt: New Law Enhancing the Penalties for FGM Approved by Parliament

(Sept. 14, 2016) On August 31, 2016, the Egyptian People’s Assembly approved the amendment of article 242 (bis) of the Penal Code. Article 242 (bis) criminalizes the act of female genital mutilation (FGM). (People’s Assembly Strengthens the Penalty Against Female Genital Mutilation, AL YOUM7 (Aug. 31, 2016) (in Arabic); Law No. 58 of 1937 Promulgating […]

Peru: National Plan on Gender-Based Violence 2016-2021 Approved

(Sept. 1, 2016) Peru’s Ministry of the Woman and Vulnerable Populations (known by the initials MMPV) approved a national plan on gender-based violence that will apply to all levels of government and all entities involved in the prevention, punishment, and eradication of such violence. (Ministerio de la Mujer y Poblaciones Vulnerables, Decreto Supremo Nº 008-2016-MIMP que […]

Cameroon: Revision of Adultery Law

(June 30, 2016) On June 22, 2016, the lower house of the Parliament of Cameroon voted to amend the country’s criminal provisions on adultery. (Matthew Santiago, Cameroon Parliament Votes for Gender-Balanced Adultery, PAPER CHASE (June 26, 2016).) While the Penal Code had already penalized adultery as a crime for both men and women, responsibility was […]

Vanuatu: Amendments to Reserve Seats in Parliament for Women to Be Introduced

(May 27, 2016) On May 20, 2016, the Vanuatu Minister of Justice, Ronald Warsal, stated in a radio interview that the government would introduce a bill that would reserve a certain number of seats for women in the Parliament.  (Michael Walsh, Vanuatu Paves Way for Women’s Seats in Parliament, ABC NEWS (May 20, 2016).)  The […]

Pakistan: Bills Introduced on Increased Representation of Women in the Supreme Court

(May 26, 2016) On May 16, 2016, a member of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and former law minister, Babar Awan, introduced a private member’s bill in the Senate, the upper house of Pakistan’s federal legislature, that would amend the Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Act, 1997, to provide greater “representation of women” in Pakistan’s […]

Iran: New Insurance Law Provides for Equal Compensation to Women in Traffic Accidents

(Apr. 11, 2016) It was reported on March 15, 2016, that Iran’s Guardian Council, a 12-member body that vets legislation to ensure it conforms to Shari’a law, had approved the Third Party Insurance Bill. The legislation, which is expected to become effective in the near future, “will bind insurance companies to compensate victims of road […]

Nigeria: Gender Equality Bill Fails in the Senate

(Mar. 28, 2016) On March 15, 2015, the Nigerian Senate voted down the Gender and Equal Opportunities Bill, 2016 (S.B 116), which aimed to accord women rights equal to those of men in various spheres of life and to impose certain measures to address past and current discriminatory practices.  (Timothy Oshi, Nigerian Senate Rejects Bill […]

Italy: Legislation Concerning Gender Equality on Regional Councils

(Mar. 11, 2016) On February 26, 2016, the Italian Parliament passed Law No. 20 of 2016 on equal access for men and women to candidacies for the elections to regional councils. (Law No. 20 of February 15, 2016, Amending Article 4 of Law No. 165 of July 2, 2004, on Provisions Aimed at Guaranteeing Representational […]

Japan: New Instructions Allow Women to Remarry 100 Days After Divorce

(Feb. 26, 2016) Currently, article 733 of Japan’s Civil Code states that women cannot remarry until six months after a divorce. (Civil Code (Part IV and Part V) (tentative translation), Act No. 89 of 1896, art. 733, Japanese Law Translation website.) This provision aims to avoid uncertainty regarding the identity of the legally presumed father […]

Turkey: Legislation Adopted on Part-Time Work Option for Working Mothers

(Feb. 19, 2016) Legislation amending Turkey’s labor laws, adopted by the Grand National Assembly (the Turkish parliament), creates flexible work options. Under the new provisions, “working mothers with young children will be able to work part-time” by permitting “rented workers” (i.e., contract workers), whose employment contracts will end when the mothers go back to work, […]