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India: Decision Not to Sign Hague Treaty on Child Abduction

(Jan. 23, 2017) In a decision made by the Women and Child Development (WCD) Minister, Maneka Gandhi, and agreed to by the Ministry of External Affairs, the government of India has decided not to ratify the Hague Convention on Child Abduction. (Shalini Nair, India Will Not Ink Hague Treaty on Civil Aspects of Child Abduction, […]

Germany: Government Proposes Law to Reduce Gender Pay Gap

(Jan. 18, 2017) On January 11, 2017, the German government agreed on a draft act that aims to ensure equal pay for work of equal value for women and men in the same workplace. (Gesetzentwurf der Bundesregierung, Entwurf eines Gesetzes zur Förderung der Transparenz von Entgeltstrukturen [Draft Act of the Federal Government, Draft Act to Promote Transparency in […]

Sweden: Separate Swimming Hours by Gender Justifiable

(Jan. 12, 2017) The Swedish Diskrimineringsombudsmannen (DO, Equality Ombudsman) has issued two decisions on the legality of separate hours for men and women at public indoor pools. (Press Release, Könsseparerade simhallstider kan vara diskriminering [Gender-Segregated Pool Hours May Be Discriminatory], DO website (Dec. 14, 2016).) The role of the Equality Ombudsman is regulated by the […]

Brazil: Court Says Abortion Not a Crime Before End of the Third Month of Gestation

(Dec. 5, 2016) A decision on a Habeas Corpus case issued by the majority of Ministers of the first panel (1a Turma) of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) on November 29, 2016, ordered the release of physicians and clerks who had been arrested, in a clandestine clinic, for the alleged practice […]

Brazil: Decree Enacted to Regulate Use of Handcuffs

(Oct. 6, 2016) On September 26, 2016, Decree No. 8,858 was enacted to regulate the use of handcuffs in the Brazil. (Decreto No. 8.858 de 26 de Setembro de 2016, PLANALTO.)  The decree follows the guidelines established in articles 1(III) and 5(III) of the Brazilian Constitution, which provide for the protection and promotion of human […]

Egypt: New Law Enhancing the Penalties for FGM Approved by Parliament

(Sept. 14, 2016) On August 31, 2016, the Egyptian People’s Assembly approved the amendment of article 242 (bis) of the Penal Code. Article 242 (bis) criminalizes the act of female genital mutilation (FGM). (People’s Assembly Strengthens the Penalty Against Female Genital Mutilation, AL YOUM7 (Aug. 31, 2016) (in Arabic); Law No. 58 of 1937 Promulgating […]

Peru: National Plan on Gender-Based Violence 2016-2021 Approved

(Sept. 1, 2016) Peru’s Ministry of the Woman and Vulnerable Populations (known by the initials MMPV) approved a national plan on gender-based violence that will apply to all levels of government and all entities involved in the prevention, punishment, and eradication of such violence. (Ministerio de la Mujer y Poblaciones Vulnerables, Decreto Supremo Nº 008-2016-MIMP que […]

Cameroon: Revision of Adultery Law

(June 30, 2016) On June 22, 2016, the lower house of the Parliament of Cameroon voted to amend the country’s criminal provisions on adultery. (Matthew Santiago, Cameroon Parliament Votes for Gender-Balanced Adultery, PAPER CHASE (June 26, 2016).) While the Penal Code had already penalized adultery as a crime for both men and women, responsibility was […]

Vanuatu: Amendments to Reserve Seats in Parliament for Women to Be Introduced

(May 27, 2016) On May 20, 2016, the Vanuatu Minister of Justice, Ronald Warsal, stated in a radio interview that the government would introduce a bill that would reserve a certain number of seats for women in the Parliament.  (Michael Walsh, Vanuatu Paves Way for Women’s Seats in Parliament, ABC NEWS (May 20, 2016).)  The […]

Pakistan: Bills Introduced on Increased Representation of Women in the Supreme Court

(May 26, 2016) On May 16, 2016, a member of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and former law minister, Babar Awan, introduced a private member’s bill in the Senate, the upper house of Pakistan’s federal legislature, that would amend the Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Act, 1997, to provide greater “representation of women” in Pakistan’s […]