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Iran: Law to Protect Wetlands

(July 10, 2017) In an effort to counteract the combined effects of climate change, water crises, and human activities that have turned Iran’s once-thriving wetlands into sources of dust and sand storms, the Iranian Parliament has passed the Law to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Country’s Wetlands (Wetlands Protection Law). (Law on Wetlands Protection Ready, […]

Italy: Comprehensive Legislation on the “Green Economy”

(Feb. 24, 2016) On December 28, 2015, Italy passed historic and wide-ranging legislation for the promotion of the “green economy.” Law No. 221 entered into effect on February 2, 2016.  (Law No. 221 of December 28, 2015, Provisions on the Environment to Promote the Green Economy and to Restrict the Excessive Use of Natural Resources […]

Taiwan: Law on Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage Adopted

(Nov. 30, 2015) The main legislative body of the Republic of China (on Taiwan), the Legislative Yuan, adopted a new Law on Underwater Cultural Heritage Preservation on November 24, 2015. (Draft Law on Preservation of Underwater Cultural Heritage (Nov. 24, 2015), Legislative Yuan website (in Chinese) (scroll down to item 6 and click on hyperlink […]

Indonesia: Jakarta Court Bans Water Privatization

(Mar. 30, 2015) On March 24, 2015, the Central Jakarta District Court ruled that provision of water in the city of Jakarta could not be privatized. The decision came in a case filed by the Coalition of Jakarta Residents Opposing Water Privatization (the Coalition) in March 2013; the Coalition comprised city residents, trade unions, and […]

Indonesia: Water Law Overturned by Court

(Mar. 3, 2015) Indonesia’s Constitutional Court, on February 18, 2015, revoked the 2004 Law on Water Resources. The Court also reinstated the previous, 1974 Water Law as the controlling legislation until a new measure is adopted. (Fedina S. Sundaryani, Court Bans Monopoly on Water Resources, JAKARTA POST (Feb. 20, 2015); Law No. 7/2004 on Water […]

Japan: New Water Circulation Basic Act

(May 20, 2014) The Water Circulation Basic Act was promulgated in Japan on April 2, 2014. (Act No. 16 of 2014 [in Japanese], Japanese House of Representatives website (last visited May 16, 2014).) Before the adoption of the Act, Japan did not have a comprehensive law on water. Several government agencies in Japan have jurisdiction […]