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China: Supreme Court Issues Rules on Internet Courts, Allowing for Blockchain Evidence

(Sept. 21, 2018) On September 3, 2018, China’s Supreme People’s Court (SPC) issued a judicial interpretation on the hearing of cases by the country’s newly created internet courts. Taking effect on September 7, 2018, the SPC Provisions on the Hearing of Cases by Internet Courts (SPC Interpretation) allows evidence stored and verified on blockchain platforms […]

Egypt: Female Tourist Convicted of Spreading False Rumors That Damage Country’s Reputation

(Sept. 12, 2018) In July 2018, the Cairo Misdemeanor Court found a Lebanese female tourist, Mona el-Mazbouh, guilty of deliberately spreading false rumors against Egypt that damage the country’s reputation. The court had initially sentenced the defendant to 11 years in prison before reducing the sentence later on the same day to eight years of […]

Brazil: Supreme Court Rules Federal Police Plea Bargains Are Constitutional

(June 25, 2018) On June 21, 2018, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) ruled on a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade (ADI) 5508) proposed by the Public Prosecutor’s Office (Procuradoria Geral da República), holding that agents of the Federal Police (Delegados) could not make plea bargain agreements (acordos de […]

Morocco: New Law Establishes Processes for Individuals to Challenge Constitutionality of Laws

(Apr. 25, 2018) On February 6, 2018, Morocco’s Parliament approved, in accordance with article 133 of the 2011 Moroccan Constitution, Law No. 15.86 Concerning the Determination of the Conditions and Modalities of Raising the Issue of Unconstitutionality of a Law. (Law No. 15.86 Concerning the Determination of the Conditions and Modalities of Raising the Issue […]

Italy: New Law on the Protection of Judicial Witnesses Enters into Force

(Apr. 4, 2018) On February 21, 2018, a new law on the protection of judicial witnesses came into effect in Italy. (Law No. 6 of January 11, 2018, Provisions for the Protection of Judicial Witnesses) (Law No. 6), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) (Feb. 6, 2018) (in Italian).) This Law seeks to dismantle the judicial strategies so […]

Saudi Arabia: Twin Brothers Charged with Islamic Crime of Hiraba

(Feb. 9, 2018) On January 16, 2018, the Criminal Court of Riyadh began the trial of twin brothers accused of killing their 67-year old mother; attempting to kill their 73-year-old father and twenty-two year old brother; and accusing the rulers, police, and Muslim scholars of apostasy. (Saudi Arabia: Twins on Trial in Al-Hamra District Case […]

Italy: New Law to Combat Organized Crime Takes Effect

(Jan. 3, 2018) On November 19, 2017, new legislation to combat criminal activities of the Mafia (organized crime) entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 161 of October 17, 2017, Amending the Code of Anti-Mafia Legislation and Protection Measures Under Legislative Decree No. 159 of September 6, 2011, the Penal Code, the Implementing, Coordinating, and […]

Cambodia: Life Sentences of Khmer Rouge Officials Upheld

(Dec. 1, 2016) On November 23, 2016, the Supreme Court Chamber (SCC) of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a special Cambodian human rights court, upheld on appeal the life sentences of two senior Khmer Rouge officials, Nuon Chea, former Deputy Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea, and Khieu Samphan, former […]

Italy: Legislation on Road Homicide and Road Injury Adopted

(Apr. 6, 2016) On March 25, 2016, new legislation introducing the crimes of “road homicide” (omicidio stradale) and “road personal injury” (lesioni personali stradali) entered into effect in Italy.  (Law No. 41 of March 23, 2016, Introducing the Crime of Road Homicide and the Crime of Road Personal Injury, and Approving Provisions for the Coordination […]

Chad/Senegal: Former Chad Dictator Hissène Habré Prosecuted

(Oct. 8, 2015) On September 7, 2015, the trial of the former leader of Chad, Hissène Habré, resumed, following a 45-day delay of the proceedings. Habré, who was dictator of Chad from 1982 to 1990, is facing charges of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and torture before the Extraordinary African Chamber, an ad hoc tribunal, in Senegal. […]