Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Vietnam: New National Law Intensifies International Dispute

(July 19, 2012) Amid escalating tension in the dispute over the East Sea (also known as the South China Sea), Vietnam approved a national Law on the Sea, which was officially announced by the President of Vietnam on July 16, 2012. (Vietnam Officially Announces Law of the Sea, TUOITRENEWS, (July 16, 2012); Q&A: South China […]

Turkey: Proposed New Canal May Have Impact on Major Shipping Treaty

(May 27, 2011) On April 27, 2011, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Turkey announced a plan to relieve dangerously heavy tanker traffic in the Bosphorus Strait by creating a man-made canal through western Istanbul to serve as a new shipping route between the Marmara Sea and the Black Sea. According to news reports, the […]

European Union: New Rules on Maritime Safety Proposed

(Sept. 17, 2010) On September 13, 2010, the European Commission introduced new rules to improve the safety performance of seagoing vessels. The Commission will establish and operate a public database that will publish the names of shipping companies with poor or low performances on safety inspections. Companies that perform well will be given public credit. […]

Brazil: Maritime Border Expanded

(Sept. 10, 2010) Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resolução No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated to the Ministry of the Navy and coordinated by the Navy Commander, puts under special protection […]

Panama; United Nations: Program to Prevent Shipping of Illicit Goods via Sea Ports

(July 30, 2010) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via sea ports. According to a press release issued on the occasion: The programme includes the launch […]

United Nations: Treaty on Maritime Goods Transportation

(Sept. 25, 2009) A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with Convention text as annex, Rotterdam Rules website, http://www.rotterdamrules2009.com/cms/uploads/Resolution%20adpoted%20by%20GA%20of%20CMI.pdf (last visited Sept. 23, 2009).) The U.N. Convention […]

Israel: Shipping Security

(Oct. 9, 2008) On August 20, 2008, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed a law on the protection of international navigation and maritime installations. According toexplanatory notes about the bill, the law was designed to implement the 1988 Rome Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation and the Protocol for […]

Japan: Foreign Ship Navigation Within the Territorial Waters Law

(July 2, 2008) The Diet (Japan's Parliament) passed a new law on June 5, 2008, to regulate foreign ships' navigation within Japan's territorial waters. Japan did not previously have a law to control the movements of suspect foreign ships within its territorial sea, and so Japanese maritime officials could not conduct on-the-spot inspection of suspicious […]

Vietnam: Piracy at Sea

(Apr. 2, 2008) On January 17, 2008, the Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV) promulgated Decision No. 12/2008/QD-TTg, along with the Regulation on Coordination in Implementation of the Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP). Under the Regulation, Vietnamese authorities will exchange information and documents […]