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Japan: Commercial Code Amended, Language Modernized

(Aug. 27, 2018) Japan’s Commercial Code (Act No. 48 of 1899, as amended, e-Gov website (in Japanese)) was amended and promulgated on May 25, 2018. (Act No. 29 of 2018, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE], Extra Ed. No. 111, at 4 (May 25, 2018), National Printing Bureau website (in Japanese).) The highlights of the amendment include the addition […]

United Arab Emirates: Federal Supreme Court Orders Drivers to Pay Blood Money After Killing Pedestrians

(Aug. 22, 2018) The Federal Supreme Court of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has ordered faulty drivers in two separate cases of traffic fatalities to pay compensation to the victims’ families. According to Islamic law, anyone causing the death or injury of another person accidentally or intentionally is required to pay a form of financial […]

Norway: Government Publishes First Drone Strategy

(July 31, 2018) On April 3, 2018, the Norwegian government published its first drone strategy. (Press Release, Regjeringen [Government], Norges første dronestrategi er på plass [Norway’s First Drone Strategy Completed] (Apr. 3, 2018), Norwegian Government website.) The provisions focus on six different areas connected with drone operations: Aviation Regulation of Drone Activity and Flight Safety; […]

Canada: Quebec Court Ruling Prolongs Stay of Uncovered-Face Provision

(July 27, 2018) On June 28, 2018, the Superior Court of Quebec ruled to stay the operation of section 10 of An Act to Foster Adherence to State Religious Neutrality and, in Particular, to Provide a Framework for Requests for Accommodations on Religious Grounds in Certain Bodies. The stay allows veiled Muslim women in the […]

Japan: Three Holidays to Be Moved to Ease 2020 Olympic Ceremony Traffic

(June 26, 2018) The Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Special Measures Act (Act No. 33 of 2015) was amended on June 20, 2018. (Act to Amend the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Special Measures Act, Act No. of 2018, Kanpou Special Ed. No. 132, at 5 (June 20, 2018) (in Japanese).) Under the new Act, the dates […]

Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Regulates Ridesharing Services in the City

(May 30, 2018) On April 11, 2018, the Mayor of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, issued Decree No. 44399, regulating the use of the municipality’s road system for the economic operation by private individuals of paid-passenger transportation services (like Uber and Lyft) intermediated by digital platforms managed by transport companies (known as Provedoras de Redes de […]

China: New System Relating Corporate Average Fuel Consumption to New Energy Vehicle Sales Takes Effect

(May 9, 2018) On April 1, 2018, the Measures on Parallel Administration of Passenger Car Enterprise Average Fuel Consumption and New Energy Vehicle Credits took effect. The Measures establish a “parallel administration” system for auto companies’ corporate average fuel consumption (CAFC) and new energy vehicle (NEV) sales, aiming to promote new energy cars and provide […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Annuls Legislation Permitting Continuation of Activities by an Industrial Facility of National Strategic Interest

(Apr. 23, 2018) On February 7, 2018, the Italian Constitutional Court declared the unconstitutionality of several legal provisions that allowed the continuation of activities at industrial facilities considered of national strategic interest in violation of constitutionally protected workers’ rights. (Decision No. 58 of March 23, 2018, Issued in a Constitutional Legitimacy Case by Incidental Procedure (the […]

Germany: Federal Administrative Court Allows Cities to Ban Diesel-Fueled Vehicles to Reduce Air Pollution

(Mar. 28, 2018) On February 27, 2018, Germany’s highest administrative court, the Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht, BVerwG), held in two not-yet-published decisions that older and more-polluting diesel-run vehicles could be banned from predefined zones in the cities and metropolitan areas that are the worst affected by nitrogen dioxide (NO2)-polluted air. The Federal Administrative Court thereby […]

Finland: Finnish Transport Safety Agency to Introduce Digital Driver’s License

(Mar. 15, 2018) On January 30, 2018, the Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafiksäkerhetsverket, Trafi) announced it will introduce digital driver’s licenses as of summer 2018, reportedly making Finland the first country in the world to introduce a digital driver’s license. (Digitalt körkort, TRAFI (last updated Jan. 30, 2018); Simon Karlsson, Digitalt körkort redan i sommar […]