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Bangladesh: Supreme Court Rules Mandatory Death Sentences Unconstitutional

(May 20, 2015) On May 5, 2015, the Appellate Division of the Bangladesh Supreme Court declared sections 6(2), 6(3), and 6(4) of the Women and Children Repression (Special Provisions) Act, 1995 and section 34(2) of the Prevention of Oppression Against Women and Children Act, 2000 unconstitutional “because they prescribe a mandatory death penalty for the […]

United Nations: Website Seeks to Address Discrimination Against People with Albinism

(May 12, 2015) On May 5, 2015, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) launched a website designed to discredit myths about albinism and advocate for legal and practical steps to protect albinos. The website notes that the rare condition is “still profoundly misunderstood, socially and medically.” (‘Not Ghosts But […]

Israel: Sentencing of Citizen Who Entered Syria to Join Rebels

(Apr. 6, 2015) On March 23, 2015 Israel’s Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing “the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy” to imprisonment for a period of 11 months and to additional periods of probation for each offense. The […]

Cambodia; United Nations: Indictment for Crimes Against Humanity

(Mar. 31, 2015) On March 27, 2015, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a United Nations-backed tribunal established in 2006 to try those accused of crimes committed when the Khmer Rouge controlled the country, charged Ao An, a former Khmer Rouge member, with “crimes against humanity of murder, extermination, persecution on political […]

Fiji: Parliament Approves Ratification of Convention Against Torture

(Mar. 19, 2015) On March 16, 2015, the Fijian Parliament voted unanimously to support the ratification of the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (UNCAT). (Nasik Swami, Yes to UNCAT, FIJI TIMES (Mar. 17, 2015).) The Parliament voted on a government motion following a debate on a […]

Cyprus; European Court of Human Rights; Turkey: Interstate Application of Cyprus Against Turkey: Just Satisfaction Claims

(Mar. 13, 2015) On January 23, 2015, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, in its annual report on human rights in Cyprus, described the concerns of a number of international and human rights bodies about the implementation of human rights standards on the island due to the “protracted conflict” there. […]

Nepal: Two Commissions on War Crimes Established

(Feb. 25, 2015) On February 10, 2015, the government of Nepal established two commissions to investigate allegations of war crimes and disappearances associated with the country’s ten-year civil war, which lasted from 1996 to 2006. (Alexandra Farone, Nepal Forms Commissions to Probe War Crimes, PAPER CHASE (Feb. 10 2015); Nepal: Conflict Profile, INSIGHT ON CONFLICT […]

Congo, The Democratic Republic of the: Militia Leader Sentenced

(Nov. 10, 2014) On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jérôme Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court found him guilty of two murders, the rapes of two women, and torture of two people, […]

Tanzania; United Nations: Protection Needed for Albinos

(Sept. 8, 2014) On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with the condition in state-run care centers, to protect them from being targeted by those who believe […]

United States: Appellate Court Rules Alien Tort Statute Provides Federal Jurisdiction over Claims Arising from Injuries Inflicted Abroad

(July 7, 2014) The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit has ruled that under the Alien Tort Statute, an American corporation in certain circumstances can be sued for alleged violations of international law where the injuries occurred outside the United States, if the claims sufficiently “touch and concern” United States territory. (Al Shimari […]