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Brazil: Constitutional Amendment Passed Increasing Justices

(May 12, 2015) On May 6, 2015, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved a constitutional amendment that increases the age of compulsory retirement of the members of the Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF), the Audit Tribunal of the Union (Tribunal de Contas da União, TCU), and all other superior tribunals. After the amendment, […]

Italy: Civil Liability of Judges

(Apr. 9, 2015) Italy has approved new legislation on the civil liability of judges. (Law No. 18 of February 27, 2015, on Civil Liability of Magistrates, GAZETTA UFFICIALE (G. U.) No. 52, NORMATTIVA, amending Law No. 117 of April 13, 1988, Indemnification of Damages Caused in the Exercise of Judicial Functions and Civil Liability of […]

Nepal: Supreme Court Strikes Down Amnesty Provision in Truth and Reconciliation Law

(Mar. 17, 2015) On February 26, 2015, Nepal’s Supreme Court struck down the amnesty provision in the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) Act. (Monica Moyo, Nepali Supreme Court Rejects Amnesty for War Crimes, AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW (Feb. 26, 2015).)  The amnesty provision grants the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Commission on Enforced […]

Japan: Supreme Court Upholds Punishment for Sexual Harassment

(Mar. 2, 2015) On February 26, 2015, Japan’s Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the Osaka High Court, which had itself reversed an Osaka District Court judgment approving suspension and demotion as punishments for two male managers who repeatedly verbally sexually harassed female employees. (2014 (Ju) No. 1310, S. Ct., 1st petite bench (Feb. 26, […]

Israel: Supreme Court Dismisses Petition to Order Withdrawal of Legislative Research Report

(June 13, 2014) Israel’s Supreme Court recently dismissed a petition by the Manufacturers Organization of Israel (MOI) to order the Knesset Information and Research Center (KIRC) to withdraw a report that it had made to the Knesset Joint Committee on Economic Affairs and Finance. (MOI v. Knesset- KIRC [in Hebrew], State of Israel: The Judicial […]

United States: Supreme Court Rules Local Crimes Not Covered by Statute Implementing Chemical Weapons Convention

(June 12, 2014) The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) The United States is a party to the CWC (Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, […]

Sweden: Groundbreaking Supreme Court Award for Unlawful Loss of Citizenship

(Apr. 30, 2014) On April 23, 2014, the Swedish Supreme Court rendered a groundbreaking verdict against the state, requiring it to pay SEK100,000 (about US$15,224) in damages to an individual who had been stripped of his Swedish citizenship in violation of the Constitution. (Högsta Domstolen [HD] [Supreme Court] 2014-04-23 T 5516-12, Högsta Domstolen website.) In […]

Maldives: UN Concerned Following Removal of Officials

(Mar. 31, 2014) United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon expressed concern on March 10, 2014, about the decision of the Supreme Court of Maldives to oust the Chair and Vice-Chair of the Elections Commission and sentence the Chair for contempt of court. Ban emphasized “the importance of respect for the principle of separation of powers, the […]

China: Courts Required to Publish All Effective Opinions on One Website

(Dec. 31, 2013) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China announced measures requiring all people’s courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, starting on January 1, 2014. (The Supreme People’s Court’s Measures for the People’s Courts to Publish […]