Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

India: Supreme Court Upholds Mandatory Use of Biometric Identification for Filing Taxes and Tax Account Applications

(July 21, 2017) India’s Supreme Court, on June 9, 2017, upheld the constitutional validity of section 139AA of the Income Tax Act, 1961, which made the Act’s biometric-based identification project, Aadhaar, mandatory for filing income tax returns and applying for Permanent Account Numbers (PANs). (Binoy Viswam v. Union of India & Ors., (2017), Supreme Court […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Rules All Couples Have the Same Inheritance Rights

(May 17, 2017) In a ruling issued on May 10, 2017, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) determined that, for the purpose of inheritance rights, “stable unions” and marriages have the same legal value, providing partners in stable unions the same rights as those of  married persons.  (STF, Recurso Extraordinário (RE) 646721, […]

China: New Supreme Court Interpretations on Enforcement of Civil Judgments

(Apr. 26, 2017) On February 28, 2017, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) released two judicial interpretations on enforcement of judgments in civil cases.  Both interpretations will come into effect on May 1, 2017.  (Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Guanyu Minshi Zhixing Zhong Caichan Diaocha Ruogan Wenti de Guiding [SPC Provisions on […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Reaffirms Rule that Civil Police Cannot Go on Strike

(Apr. 24, 2017) On April 5, 2017, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court reaffirmed by a majority vote an understanding that it is unconstitutional for the civil police (polícia civil) and other public servants who act directly in the area of public security to exercise the right to strike.  (Plenário Reafirma Inconstitucionalidade de Greve de Policias […]

China: Guiding Case on Liability of Online Shopping Platforms in Tort Cases

(Apr. 20, 2017) On March 6, 2017, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) released the sixteenth batch of guiding cases. (Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Fabu Di Shiliu Pi Zhidaoxing Anli [The Supreme People’s Court Released the Sixteenth Batch of Guiding Cases], SPC website (Mar. 16, 2017); see also Laney Zhang, […]

China: Supreme People’s Court Issues Ten More Guiding Cases

(Apr. 5, 2017) On March 6, 2017, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) issued the sixteenth batch of guiding cases.  Full-text copies of the ten new guiding cases (case numbers 78–87) are now available on the SPC official website.  (Zhidao Anli [Guiding Cases], SPC website (last visited Mar. 24, […]

Israel: Supreme Court Authorizes Extension of Amona’s Evacuation Deadline

(Dec. 28, 2016) On December 22, 2016, Israel’s Supreme Court granted the state’s request to extend the deadline for the evacuation of Amona, an unauthorized West Bank Jewish outpost that the Court had previously determined to have been built on land owned by individual Palestinians.  The 45-day delay beyond the December 25, 2016, deadline for […]

Israel: Supreme Court Rejects Government Request to Further Delay Eviction of Settlement Built on Land Privately Owned by Palestinians

(Nov. 25, 2016) On November 14, 2016, Israel’s Supreme Court rejected a government request to further delay implementation of the Court’s December 25, 2014, order requiring the eviction of the West Bank settlement Amona within two years.  The Court ordered the eviction having decided that the settlement had been built on Palestinians’ private lands without […]

Brazil: Supreme Court Reaffirms that Convictions Are to Be Enforced After Confirmation by Appellate Court Decision

(Nov. 17, 2016) A decision on an extraordinary appeal (recurso extraordinário), issued by the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) on November 10, 2016, reaffirmed Court jurisprudence from October 2016 that determined that enforcement of a criminal sentence is to commence after a conviction has been confirmed by the first appellate court to […]

Italy: Law to Increase Efficiency of Judicial Procedures

(Nov. 9, 2016) On August 31, 2016, new legislation designed to increase the efficiency of judicial proceedings entered into effect in Italy. (Decree Law No. 168 of August 31, 2016, Urgent Measures for the Settlement of Contentious Procedures Before the Court of Cassation [Supreme Court for Civil Matters], for the Efficiency of the Judiciary, and […]