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Pakistan: Bills Introduced on Increased Representation of Women in the Supreme Court

(May 26, 2016) On May 16, 2016, a member of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and former law minister, Babar Awan, introduced a private member’s bill in the Senate, the upper house of Pakistan’s federal legislature, that would amend the Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Act, 1997, to provide greater “representation of women” in Pakistan’s […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Changes Its Understanding of Enforcement of Sentences

(Mar. 11, 2016) On February 17, 2016, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal) ruled that requiring a defendant to start serving a sentence after an intermediate appellate court’s confirmation of a criminal conviction does not offend the constitutional principle of the defendant’s presumption of innocence. Minister Teori Zavascki, who wrote the opinion, held that an intermediate appellate […]

Sweden: Supreme Court Turns to Electronic Communication

(Sept. 8, 2015) On August 25, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court announced that as of August 31, 2015, it has turned to e-mail as its main means of communication. (Press Release, Ökad användning av e-post vid Högsta domstolen, Högsta Domstolen [Supreme Court] website (Aug. 25, 2015), NOTISUM.) The new policy means that all communication between […]

Afghanistan: President Ghani Nominates First Female Supreme Court Justice

(June 26, 2015) Afghanistan’s President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani nominated the country’s first female justice to the Afghan Supreme Court in mid-June 2015. Anisa Rasouli, currently the head of the Juvenile Appeals Court, will become the first female Supreme Court justice in Afghanistan if she receives a vote of confidence from the lower house of the […]

Bangladesh: Supreme Court Rules Mandatory Death Sentences Unconstitutional

(May 20, 2015) On May 5, 2015, the Appellate Division of the Bangladesh Supreme Court declared sections 6(2), 6(3), and 6(4) of the Women and Children Repression (Special Provisions) Act, 1995 and section 34(2) of the Prevention of Oppression Against Women and Children Act, 2000 unconstitutional “because they prescribe a mandatory death penalty for the […]

Brazil: Constitutional Amendment Passed Increasing Justices

(May 12, 2015) On May 6, 2015, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved a constitutional amendment that increases the age of compulsory retirement of the members of the Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF), the Audit Tribunal of the Union (Tribunal de Contas da União, TCU), and all other superior tribunals. After the amendment, […]

Italy: Civil Liability of Judges

(Apr. 9, 2015) Italy has approved new legislation on the civil liability of judges. (Law No. 18 of February 27, 2015, on Civil Liability of Magistrates, GAZETTA UFFICIALE (G. U.) No. 52, NORMATTIVA, amending Law No. 117 of April 13, 1988, Indemnification of Damages Caused in the Exercise of Judicial Functions and Civil Liability of […]

Nepal: Supreme Court Strikes Down Amnesty Provision in Truth and Reconciliation Law

(Mar. 17, 2015) On February 26, 2015, Nepal’s Supreme Court struck down the amnesty provision in the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) Act. (Monica Moyo, Nepali Supreme Court Rejects Amnesty for War Crimes, AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW (Feb. 26, 2015).)  The amnesty provision grants the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Commission on Enforced […]

Japan: Supreme Court Upholds Punishment for Sexual Harassment

(Mar. 2, 2015) On February 26, 2015, Japan’s Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the Osaka High Court, which had itself reversed an Osaka District Court judgment approving suspension and demotion as punishments for two male managers who repeatedly verbally sexually harassed female employees. (2014 (Ju) No. 1310, S. Ct., 1st petite bench (Feb. 26, […]

Israel: Supreme Court Dismisses Petition to Order Withdrawal of Legislative Research Report

(June 13, 2014) Israel’s Supreme Court recently dismissed a petition by the Manufacturers Organization of Israel (MOI) to order the Knesset Information and Research Center (KIRC) to withdraw a report that it had made to the Knesset Joint Committee on Economic Affairs and Finance. (MOI v. Knesset- KIRC [in Hebrew], State of Israel: The Judicial […]