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Israel: Supreme Court Holds Threat of Suicide Not a Criminal Offense

(Feb. 15, 2018) On January 17, 2018, Israel’s Supreme Court unanimously overturned the conviction of an appellant who had threatened to take her own life and been charged with committing a criminal threat under § 192 of the Penal Law, 5737-1977. The Court opinion was issued by Justice Dafna Barak-Erez, with Justices Uzi Vogelman and […]

Japan: Supreme Court Affirms Reversal of Order to Return Children with Dual Citizenship

(Jan. 12, 2018) On December 21, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court affirmed a High Court decision that reversed a previous order for the mother of four children with dual Japan-US citizenship to return the children to their father in the United States. (Sup. Ct., Case No. 2017 (kyo) 9 (Dec. 21, 2017) (in Japanese; click characters […]

Finland: Supreme Court to Make English Summaries of Precedents Available Online and Begin Using ECLI Code in 2018

(Jan. 12, 2018) On January 2, 2018, the Finnish Supreme Court announced it will make some of its precedents available through summaries in English. (Press Release, Finnish Supreme Court, The Supreme Court of Finland Starts to Publish Summaries of Its Precedents in English (Jan. 2, 2018), SUPREME COURT.) The cases will be limited to those […]

Japan: Supreme Court Says Pretense of Being Deceived Did Not Affect Responsibility for Attempted Fraud

(Jan. 11, 2018) On December 11, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court rendered a decision in a fraud case in which the victim cooperated with the police investigation after she realized the fraud had occurred. (Sup. Ct., Case No. 2017 (a) 1079 (Dec. 11, 2017) (click characters beside PDF icon at the bottom) (in Japanese).) In this […]

Japan: Supreme Court Dismisses Appeal Concerning Noises from Daycare

(Jan. 8, 2018) On December 19, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court dismissed an appeal by a man who had complained about noises from a daycare center for preschool-age children. (Gen Okamoto, “Noisy” Voices of Children Playing at Daycare, Loss of Lawsuit by Man Affirmed, ASAHI SHIMBUN (Dec. 21, 2017) (in Japanese) (it appears that the decision […]

Japan: Supreme Court Affirms Extraterritoriality of Antimonopoly Act

(Dec. 19, 2017) On December 12, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court ruled that the national Fair Trade Commission (FTC) can impose surcharges on firms that join cartels established overseas if the cartels impair the free competition of the Japanese market.  (Sup. Ct., Dec. 12, 2017, 2016 (Gyo-hi) No. 233, Courts in Japan website (in Japanese).) Japan’s […]

Japan: Supreme Court Reverses View on Whether Obscene Intent Necessary for Crime of Forcible Indecency

(Dec. 5, 2017) On November 29, 2017, the Supreme Court of Japan reversed a nearly five-decade-old precedent, stating that no obscene intent is necessary for the crime of forcible indecency.  (Saiko Saibansho [Sup. Ct.] Nov. 29, 2017, Case No. 2016 (a) 1731, Courts in Japan website (in Japanese) (click on the two characters beside PDF […]

Japan: Judges Cannot Engage in Apartment-Leasing Business

(Nov. 2, 2017) Japanese judges cannot engage in for-profit businesses. They may engage in not-for-profit businesses and receive remuneration if they obtain permission from the Supreme Court.  (Court Act, Act No. 59 of 1947, art. 52, Japanese Law Translation website.)  There are similar regulations for civil servants.  (National Public Service Act, Act No. 120 of […]

Kyrgyzstan: Court Denies Ballot Petition of Opposition Leader

(Sept. 12, 2017) On August 31, 2017, the Supreme Court of Kyrgyzstan upheld a lower court’s rejection of a petition to list opposition leader Omurbek Tekebaev on the presidential election ballot this October. (Elizabeth Lowman, Kyrgyzstan Supreme Court Rejects Petition to Put Imprisoned Opposition Leader on Ballot, PAPER CHASE (Aug. 31, 2017).)  Although a petition […]

China: Judicial Interpretation on Infringement of Personal Information Released

(Sept. 1, 2017) In May 2017, China’s Supreme People’s Court (SPC) and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate (SPP, the prosecutor) released a judicial interpretation on infringement of personal information in criminal cases. Effective June 1, 2017, the interpretation defines the scope of personal information under the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and […]