Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Israel: Petition Against President’s Assignment of Netanyahu to Form Government Rejected

(May 29, 2019) On April 23, 2019, the Supreme Court sitting as a High Court of Justice rejected a petition to declare the assignment of forming a government to Binyamin Netanyahu “unconstitutional and harming the essence of the rule of law in the State of Israel.” The Court similarly rejected the petitioners’ request to order […]

Switzerland: Federal Supreme Court Holds Access Providers Not Obligated to Block Websites to Stop Copyright Infringements

(Apr. 24, 2019) On February 8, 2019, the Swiss Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht, BG) held that access providers are not obligated to block websites to stop copyright infringements, because the Court deemed their contributions to the infringements to be not legally relevant. (BG, Feb. 8, 2019, Docket No. 4A_433/2018, BG website (in German).) Facts of the Case […]

UAE: Court Orders Doctors to Pay Blood Money to Patient’s Family

(Apr. 16, 2019) On March 29, 2019, the United Arab Emirates Federal Supreme Court in Abu Dhabi upheld the rulings of a criminal court of first instance and an appellate court to grant the family of a deceased patient the right to receive blood money. The Federal Supreme Court issued a decision ordering two Asian […]

Japan: Law Requiring Surgery for Legal Change of Gender Ruled Constitutional

(Apr. 12, 2019) On January 23, 2019, Japan’s Supreme Court held that a law requiring that transgender people undergo gender-change surgery in order to have their gender changed on official documents is constitutional. (Supreme Court, 2018(ku) No. 269 (Jan. 23, 2019) (click on the two characters beside the PDF icon), Supreme Court of Japan website […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Orders Criminal Investigation into Fake News Involving the Court

(Apr. 1, 2019) On March 14, 2019, Minister Dias Toffoli, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF), announced that he had enacted an Administrative Act (Portaria) ordering the opening of a criminal investigation into fake news and internet threats targeting the STF and its ministers and family members. (President of […]

Sweden: Supreme Court No Longer Receives or Sends Communications via Telefax

(Mar. 8, 2019) As of March 1, 2019, the Swedish Supreme Court is no longer sending or receiving messages via fax machine in its communications with the public (including counsel and defendants). (Press Release, Supreme Court, Supreme Court Ceases Communicating by Telefax (Feb. 14, 2019) (in Swedish).) After an amendment to the Administrative Procedure Act […]

Mexico: Central Bank Challenges Pay Limits for Public Servants Law Before Supreme Court

(Jan. 23, 2019) In a press release issued on January 3, 2019, the Bank of Mexico (Mexico’s central bank) announced it was filing a constitutional suit before the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation. The Bank is asking the Court to establish and delimit the scope of application of the Federal Law on Remuneration […]

Japan: Supreme Court Decides Registered Owner of Car Responsible for Damages Caused by Actual Owner

(Jan. 3, 2019) On December 17, 2018, the Supreme Court of Japan held the registered owner of a car liable for the personal injury caused by the car’s driver, who was the actual owner of the car. (Sup. Ct., 2018 (ju) 16 (Dec. 17, 2018) (in Japanese, click characters besides PDF icon).) The Act on […]

South Korea: Supreme Court Finds Conscientious Objection to Military Service Justifiable

(Nov. 16, 2018) On November 1, 2018, the Supreme Court of South Korea ruled that conscientious objection to military service is “justifiable” under article 88(1) of the Military Service Act. (Sup. Ct., No. 2016 do 10912 (Nov. 1, 2018) (in Korean), Supreme Court website; Military Service Act, Act No. 4685, Dec. 31, 1993, as amended by […]

India: Tripura State Hopes to Follow Assam in Establishing National Register of Citizens

(Nov. 5, 2018) The working president of the Congress Party in the Indian state of Tripura, Pradyot Debbarman, filed a petition before India’s Supreme Court on October 24, 2018, requesting that a National Register of Citizens be compiled for his state. Debbarman’s petition is the second one filed on this issue with the Supreme Court, […]