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UAE: Court Orders Doctors to Pay Blood Money to Patient’s Family

(Apr. 16, 2019) On March 29, 2019, the United Arab Emirates Federal Supreme Court in Abu Dhabi upheld the rulings of a criminal court of first instance and an appellate court to grant the family of a deceased patient the right to receive blood money. The Federal Supreme Court issued a decision ordering two Asian […]

Japan: Law Requiring Surgery for Legal Change of Gender Ruled Constitutional

(Apr. 12, 2019) On January 23, 2019, Japan’s Supreme Court held that a law requiring that transgender people undergo gender-change surgery in order to have their gender changed on official documents is constitutional. (Supreme Court, 2018(ku) No. 269 (Jan. 23, 2019) (click on the two characters beside the PDF icon), Supreme Court of Japan website […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Orders Criminal Investigation into Fake News Involving the Court

(Apr. 1, 2019) On March 14, 2019, Minister Dias Toffoli, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF), announced that he had enacted an Administrative Act (Portaria) ordering the opening of a criminal investigation into fake news and internet threats targeting the STF and its ministers and family members. (President of […]

Sweden: Supreme Court No Longer Receives or Sends Communications via Telefax

(Mar. 8, 2019) As of March 1, 2019, the Swedish Supreme Court is no longer sending or receiving messages via fax machine in its communications with the public (including counsel and defendants). (Press Release, Supreme Court, Supreme Court Ceases Communicating by Telefax (Feb. 14, 2019) (in Swedish).) After an amendment to the Administrative Procedure Act […]

Mexico: Central Bank Challenges Pay Limits for Public Servants Law Before Supreme Court

(Jan. 23, 2019) In a press release issued on January 3, 2019, the Bank of Mexico (Mexico’s central bank) announced it was filing a constitutional suit before the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation. The Bank is asking the Court to establish and delimit the scope of application of the Federal Law on Remuneration […]

Japan: Supreme Court Decides Registered Owner of Car Responsible for Damages Caused by Actual Owner

(Jan. 3, 2019) On December 17, 2018, the Supreme Court of Japan held the registered owner of a car liable for the personal injury caused by the car’s driver, who was the actual owner of the car. (Sup. Ct., 2018 (ju) 16 (Dec. 17, 2018) (in Japanese, click characters besides PDF icon).) The Act on […]

South Korea: Supreme Court Finds Conscientious Objection to Military Service Justifiable

(Nov. 16, 2018) On November 1, 2018, the Supreme Court of South Korea ruled that conscientious objection to military service is “justifiable” under article 88(1) of the Military Service Act. (Sup. Ct., No. 2016 do 10912 (Nov. 1, 2018) (in Korean), Supreme Court website; Military Service Act, Act No. 4685, Dec. 31, 1993, as amended by […]

India: Tripura State Hopes to Follow Assam in Establishing National Register of Citizens

(Nov. 5, 2018) The working president of the Congress Party in the Indian state of Tripura, Pradyot Debbarman, filed a petition before India’s Supreme Court on October 24, 2018, requesting that a National Register of Citizens be compiled for his state. Debbarman’s petition is the second one filed on this issue with the Supreme Court, […]

United Kingdom: Supreme Court Rules on Widowed Parent’s Allowance for the Surviving Unmarried Partner

(Sept. 18, 2018) On August 30, 2018, the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom issued a ruling stating that “section 39A of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 [the Act] is incompatible with article 14 of the ECHR [European Convention on Human Rights], read with article 8, insofar as it precludes […]

United Kingdom: Supreme Court Rules on Heterosexual Civil Partnerships

(Sept. 14, 2018) On June 27, 2018, the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom issued a declaration that “sections 1 and 3 of [the Civil Partnership Act 2004, (CPA)], to the extent that they preclude a different sex couple from entering into a civil partnership, are incompatible with article 14 of [the European Convention for […]