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Italy: New Law Reorganizes Ministries

(Sept. 27, 2018) On July 13, 2018, new legislation reorganizing certain government ministries entered into force in Italy. (Decree Law No. 86 of July 12, 2018, Urgent Provisions on the Reorganization of the Competences of the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies, and the Ministry […]

Japan: Catastrophic Disaster Response Activated Following Hokkaido Earthquake

(Sept. 27, 2018) Japan’s northern island, Hokkaido, was hit by a powerful earthquake on September 6, 2018, causing people great suffering from the disruption of their normal lives and severe economic damage. (Haruka Nuga, Death Toll Rises, Flights Resume, Power Back in Japan Quake, AP NEWS (Sept. 8, 2018).) Prime Minister Abe announced on September […]

Japan: Short-Term Home Rentals Restricted by Many Local Governments

(Aug. 31, 2018) In June 2017 the Diet (Japan’s Parliament) enacted the House Sharing Business Act, which regulates short-term home renting (minpaku). (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Law on Renting Rooms in Private Homes to Tourists, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 16, 2017).) The new law became effective on June 15, 2018. (Press Release, Japan Tourism Agency, Cabinet […]

Brazil: National Policy on Reading and Writing Enacted

(July 25, 2018) The first National Policy on Reading and Writing (Política Nacional de Leitura e Escrita) was established in Brazil on July 12, 2018, through the enactment of Law No. 13,696. (Lei No. 13.696, de 12 de Julho de 2018, Presidency of the Republic website.) The policy was instituted as a permanent strategy to […]

Brazil: City of Rio de Janeiro Bans Plastic Straws

(July 10, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the mayor of the city of Rio de Janeiro sanctioned Law No 6,384, which bans plastic straws in the city. (Lei No. 6.384, de 4 de Julho de 2018, DIÁRIO OFICIAL ELETRÔNICO DO MUNICÍPIO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, No. 73, July 5, 2018, at 3.) Article 1 of […]

Brazil: State of Rio de Janeiro Bans Plastic Bags

(July 5, 2018) On June 25, 2018, the governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro promulgated Law No. 8,006 (Lei No. 8.006, de 25 de Junho de 2018, State of Rio de Janeiro Legislative Assembly website) banning the use, distribution, and even sale of plastic bags all over the state. (Gilberto Porcidonio, Pezão Sanciona […]

Germany: Federal Administrative Court Allows Cities to Ban Diesel-Fueled Vehicles to Reduce Air Pollution

(Mar. 28, 2018) On February 27, 2018, Germany’s highest administrative court, the Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht, BVerwG), held in two not-yet-published decisions that older and more-polluting diesel-run vehicles could be banned from predefined zones in the cities and metropolitan areas that are the worst affected by nitrogen dioxide (NO2)-polluted air. The Federal Administrative Court thereby […]

Italy: New Civil Protection Code Enters into Force

(Mar. 27, 2018) On February 2, 2018, a new Civil Protection Code to address responses to disasters and other national emergencies came into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decreee No. 1 of January 2, 2018, CIVIL PROTECTION CODE, GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) (Jan. 22, 2018), Normattiva website (in Italian).) This law represents the Italian government’s most significant […]

Indonesia: Province Drafts Regulation Banning Provocative Clothing

(Dec. 28, 2017) Bengkulu Province, located on the southwestern coast of the large Indonesian island of Sumatra, is considering adopting regional legislation on the protection of women and children that includes rules on proper dress. As now being drafted by the Provincial Legislative Council, the regulation would ban the wearing of “sexy clothing” in public. […]

Sri Lanka: Constitutional Reform Planned

(Nov. 28, 2017) On October 30, 2017, Sri Lanka’s President, Maithripala Sirisena, announced the convening of three government conferences designed to better inform the public about the plans to adopt a new Constitution. The special conferences include one for all political parties now represented in Parliament, one for religious leaders, and one for scholars interested […]