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Turkey: Three New Decree-Laws Issued Under State of Emergency

(Jan. 11, 2017) Three new decree-laws pursuant to Turkey’s state of emergency were published in the country’s official gazette on January 6, 2017.  Decree-Law 679 provides for additional dismissals of thousands of civil servants, police officers, armed forces personnel, and university professors and staff; at the same time, over 200 individuals who had been dismissed […]

Thailand: Cyber Crime Law Amended by Legislature

(Dec. 23, 2016) On December 16, 2016, Thailand’s Parliament approved an amendment to the country’s Computer Crime Act of 2007 by a unanimous vote.  It will soon be sent to King Maha Vajiralongkorn for his endorsement.  (Ram Eachambadi, Thailand Parliament Passes Controversial Cyber Crime Legislation, PAPER CHASE (Dec. 17, 2016); Thailand’s Cybercrime Act Amendment (26 […]

United Kingdom: Surveillance Activity by UK Intelligence Agencies Ruled Unlawful

(Dec. 8, 2016) The Investigatory Powers Tribunal ruled on October 17, 2016, that the British Intelligence Agencies unlawfully collected the confidential personal data of British citizens in bulk for 17 years, from 1998 to 2015, when the activities were publicly acknowledged.  (Privacy International v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, [2016] UKIPTrib 15_110-CH.) The ruling was […]

United Kingdom: Controversial Surveillance Act Receives Royal Assent

(Dec. 8, 2016) The Investigatory Powers Act, which has been under consideration for the past year and in various forms for the past few years, was recently enacted into law when it received Royal Assent.  It was introduced in draft form in autumn of 2015 (Draft Investigatory Powers Bill 2015, 2015-16 Cm. 9152, GOV.UK), as […]

France: Seized Cell Phone Data Can Be Used

(Sept. 29, 2016) On August 12, 2016, a judge of the Conseil d’État (the highest administrative jurisdiction in France) authorized the use of the data stored in a cell phone that had been seized during a search ordered on the basis of the Law on the State of Emergency.  (CE, ordonnance du 12 août 2016, […]

France: Continuous Video Surveillance of Prisoner Maintained

(Sept. 13, 2016) The Conseil d’État (the highest administrative jurisdiction in France) has rejected a request to suspend continuous video surveillance of Salah Abdeslam, an imprisoned suspect in the Paris and Saint-Denis terrorist attacks that took place on November 13, 2015. (Vidéosurveillance en prison [Video Surveillance in Prison], Conseil d’État [Council of State] website, (July 28, […]

New Zealand: Security and Intelligence Bill Introduced

(Aug. 16, 2016) On August 15, 2016, the Prime Minister of New Zealand, John Key, introduced the New Zealand Intelligence and Security Bill 2016 in the Parliament.  (New Zealand Intelligence and Security Bill, NEW ZEALAND PARLIAMENT; New Zealand Intelligence and Security Bill, New Zealand Legislation website (both last visited Aug. 15, 2016).)  The Bill implements […]

France/European Court of Human Rights: Intercepted Conversation with Client Admissible Against Attorney

(July 13, 2016) On June 16, 2016, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a judgment validating the interception, transcription, and use by the French government of a wiretapped conversation between an attorney and her client. (Affaire Versini-Campinchi et Crasnianski c. France (Judgment), Application No. 49176/11 (June 16, 2016) (Judgment), HUDOC.) Background This case […]

Italy: Legislation to Combat Corruption and Promote Transparency

(July 6, 2016) On June 23, 2016, new legislation on the fight against corruption and the promotion of transparency entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 97 of March 25, 2016, Review and Simplification of Provisions on the Prevention of Corruption and Promotion of Transparency, Correcting Law No. 190 of November 6, 2012, and Legislative Decree No. […]

New Zealand: Review of Legislative Framework and Oversight of Security and Intelligence Agencies Completed

(Mar. 14, 2016) On March 9, 2016, the report of the Independent Review of Intelligence and Security was presented to New Zealand’s Parliament.  (Press Release, John Key, PM Welcomes Security and Intelligence Review (Mar. 9, 2016), BEEHIVE.GOVT.NZ; Michael Cullen & Patsy Reddy, Intelligence and Security in a Free Society: Report of the First Independent Review […]