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China: First Step Towards Adoption of a New Civil Code

(Mar. 30, 2017) On March 15, 2017, the National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) passed the General Provisions of the Civil Law. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Minfa Zongze [General Provisions of the Civil Law of the PRC], NPC website; General Provisions of the Civil Law, CHINA LAW TRANSLATE (Mar. 15, 2017).) […]

Japan: Supreme Court Rules GPS-Based Investigation Requires Warrant

(Mar. 21, 2017) On March 15, 2017, the Supreme Court of Japan issued a judgment in a theft case that involved a police investigation using global positioning system (GPS) terminals they attached to the suspects’ cars; the investigation was conducted without warrants.  (Heisei 28 (a) 442 (S. Ct., Mar. 15, 2017), Courts of Japan (in Japanese).)  […]

Japan: Google Does Not Have to Delete Search Results Related to Arrest

(Feb. 21, 2017) On January 31, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court rejected a petitioner’s demand that Google remove web search results that show reports of his arrest for child prostitution in 2011. (Heisei 28 (Kyo) 45 (S. Ct., Jan. 31, 2017), COURTS IN JAPAN (click Chinese characters beside the pdf icon).) The petitioner in the case claimed […]

Australia: Bill Passed Requiring Notification of Data Breaches

(Feb. 15, 2017) On February 13, 2017, the Australian Senate voted to pass the Privacy Amendment (Notifiable Data Breaches) Bill 2016 (Parliament of Australia website). The House of Representatives had passed the bill on February 7, 2017. The Office of the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC) currently has a voluntary notification system for data breaches and has […]

European Court of Justice/Sweden: Invalidation of Data Retention Obligations

(Jan. 19, 2017) On December 21, 2016, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered a judgment striking down Sweden’s Data Retention Act as inconsistent with provisions of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. (Joined Cases C-203/15 & C-698/15, Tele 2, Sverige AB v Post-och Telestyrelsen and Secretary of State for the Home Department […]

Turkey: Three New Decree-Laws Issued Under State of Emergency

(Jan. 11, 2017) Three new decree-laws pursuant to Turkey’s state of emergency were published in the country’s official gazette on January 6, 2017.  Decree-Law 679 provides for additional dismissals of thousands of civil servants, police officers, armed forces personnel, and university professors and staff; at the same time, over 200 individuals who had been dismissed […]

Thailand: Cyber Crime Law Amended by Legislature

(Dec. 23, 2016) On December 16, 2016, Thailand’s Parliament approved an amendment to the country’s Computer Crime Act of 2007 by a unanimous vote.  It will soon be sent to King Maha Vajiralongkorn for his endorsement.  (Ram Eachambadi, Thailand Parliament Passes Controversial Cyber Crime Legislation, PAPER CHASE (Dec. 17, 2016); Thailand’s Cybercrime Act Amendment (26 […]

United Kingdom: Surveillance Activity by UK Intelligence Agencies Ruled Unlawful

(Dec. 8, 2016) The Investigatory Powers Tribunal ruled on October 17, 2016, that the British Intelligence Agencies unlawfully collected the confidential personal data of British citizens in bulk for 17 years, from 1998 to 2015, when the activities were publicly acknowledged.  (Privacy International v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, [2016] UKIPTrib 15_110-CH.) The ruling was […]