Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

India: Supreme Court Upholds Mandatory Use of Biometric Identification for Filing Taxes and Tax Account Applications

(July 21, 2017) India’s Supreme Court, on June 9, 2017, upheld the constitutional validity of section 139AA of the Income Tax Act, 1961, which made the Act’s biometric-based identification project, Aadhaar, mandatory for filing income tax returns and applying for Permanent Account Numbers (PANs). (Binoy Viswam v. Union of India & Ors., (2017), Supreme Court […]

Israel: Online Privacy Protection Regulations Adopted

(June 14, 2017) Comprehensive regulations for the protection of information stored online went into effect in Israel on May 8, 2017. (Protection of Privacy (Information Security) Regulations, 5777-2017, KOVETZ HATAKANOT [COLLECTION OF REGULATIONS] (Subsidiary Legislation) No. 7809 p. 1022, Ministry of Justice website (in Hebrew) (scroll down listings to No. 7809 to access).) The following are […]

India: Law Bans Discrimination Against AIDS Patients

(Apr. 27, 2017) On April 24, 2017, Pranab Mukherjee, the President of India, approved new legislation that bans discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or who have AIDS. (Jonathan Niznansky, India President Approves Law Banning Discrimination Against AIDS Patients, PAPER CHASE (Apr. 25, 2017).) The law was formally introduced in 2014 as the Human Immunodeficiency […]

China: First Step Towards Adoption of a New Civil Code

(Mar. 30, 2017) On March 15, 2017, the National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) passed the General Provisions of the Civil Law. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Minfa Zongze [General Provisions of the Civil Law of the PRC], NPC website; General Provisions of the Civil Law, CHINA LAW TRANSLATE (Mar. 15, 2017).) […]

Japan: Supreme Court Rules GPS-Based Investigation Requires Warrant

(Mar. 21, 2017) On March 15, 2017, the Supreme Court of Japan issued a judgment in a theft case that involved a police investigation using global positioning system (GPS) terminals they attached to the suspects’ cars; the investigation was conducted without warrants.  (Heisei 28 (a) 442 (S. Ct., Mar. 15, 2017), Courts of Japan (in Japanese).)  […]

Japan: Google Does Not Have to Delete Search Results Related to Arrest

(Feb. 21, 2017) On January 31, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court rejected a petitioner’s demand that Google remove web search results that show reports of his arrest for child prostitution in 2011. (Heisei 28 (Kyo) 45 (S. Ct., Jan. 31, 2017), COURTS IN JAPAN (click Chinese characters beside the pdf icon).) The petitioner in the case claimed […]

Australia: Bill Passed Requiring Notification of Data Breaches

(Feb. 15, 2017) On February 13, 2017, the Australian Senate voted to pass the Privacy Amendment (Notifiable Data Breaches) Bill 2016 (Parliament of Australia website). The House of Representatives had passed the bill on February 7, 2017. The Office of the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC) currently has a voluntary notification system for data breaches and has […]