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Brazil: City of São Paulo Enacts Decree Regulating Use of Electric Scooters

(May 23, 2019) After a series of accidents involving electric scooters (patinete elétrica), the mayor of the city of São Paulo on May 13, 2019, enacted Decree No. 58,750. This Decree provides for the provisional regulation of sharing services and use of both electric and nonelectric self-propelled personal mobility equipment, scooters, cycles, and similar equipment […]

Brazil: Brazilian Bar Association Decides Violence Against Women, the Elderly, Children, Adolescents, and Persons with Physical and Mental Disabilities Precludes Membership

(Apr. 3, 2019) On March 18, 2019, the plenary of the Federal Council of the Brazilian Bar Association (Conselho Federal da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil, CFOAB) enacted a decision (súmula) disqualifying law graduates who had committed aggression and violence against women from enrolling in the Bar. (Conselho Pleno Decide que Violência Contra a Mulher […]

Japan: High Court Rules Tattooing Is Not a Medical Act

(Nov. 23, 2018) On November 14, 2018, the Osaka High Court acquitted a tattoo artist who had been convicted of violating the Medical Practitioners Act. (Osaka High Ct., Case No. 2017 (u) No. 1117 (Nov. 14, 2018) (in Japanese), posted by defense lawyers, Good Morning website.) Previously, the Osaka District Court had imposed a fine […]

Germany: Court Holds That Bitcoin Trading Does Not Require a Banking License

(Oct. 19, 2018) On September 29, 2018, the Higher Regional Court of Berlin (Kammergericht Berlin, KG Berlin) held that trading in Bitcoin does not require a banking license because Bitcoin is not a financial instrument, in particular, not a unit of account, within the meaning of the German Banking Act. The defendant was therefore not […]

Malta: Government Passes Three Laws to Encourage Blockchain Technology

(Aug. 31, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the Maltese government enacted three laws whose goal is to make Malta a haven for projects that rely on blockchain and other distributed ledger technology (DLT). The Malta Digital Innovation Authority Act (MDIA Act), Innovative Technology Arrangements and Services Act (ITAS Act), and Virtual Financial Assets Act (VFA […]

Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Regulates Ridesharing Services in the City

(May 30, 2018) On April 11, 2018, the Mayor of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, issued Decree No. 44399, regulating the use of the municipality’s road system for the economic operation by private individuals of paid-passenger transportation services (like Uber and Lyft) intermediated by digital platforms managed by transport companies (known as Provedoras de Redes de […]

Finland: Finnish Transport Safety Agency to Introduce Digital Driver’s License

(Mar. 15, 2018) On January 30, 2018, the Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafiksäkerhetsverket, Trafi) announced it will introduce digital driver’s licenses as of summer 2018, reportedly making Finland the first country in the world to introduce a digital driver’s license. (Digitalt körkort, TRAFI (last updated Jan. 30, 2018); Simon Karlsson, Digitalt körkort redan i sommar […]

United Kingdom: Space Industry Bill Rocketing Through Parliament

(Jan. 2, 2018) The Space Industry Bill recently had its third reading in the United Kingdom’s House of Lords and the government is hoping that it will be enacted in early 2018. (Space Industry Bill 2017-19, HC Bill 137, PARLIAMENT.UK.) While the bill has been the subject of puns, jokes, and references to science fiction during […]

Italy: Registration of Motor Vehicles

(Aug. 23, 2017) On July 24, 2017, new legislation on registration of motor vehicles entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 98 of May 29, 2017, Rationalization of the Management Processes of Data on the Circulation and Ownership of Cars, Motor Vehicles, and Trailers, for the Purpose of Issuing a Consolidated Text, According to […]

Israel: President May Reduce Disciplinary Sanctions Imposed on Licensed Professionals

(Aug. 7, 2017) On June 19, 2017, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Law on Reduction of Disciplinary Sanctions Imposed on [Persons of] Regulated Professions, 5777-2017 (SEFER HAHUKIM [BOOK OF LAWS, official gazette, SH] 5777 No. 2645 p. 992, available at KNESSET NATIONAL LEGISLATION DATABASE (in Hebrew).) The Law will enter into effect 90 days […]