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Mongolia: Constitutional Reform Discussed

(May 10, 2017) On April 29 and 30, 2017, Mongolia held a “deliberative polling” event to discuss constitutional reform. Although no decisions were made, several recommendations were issued, including a proposal to restructure the current unicameral legislature, the Great State Hural.  The 76-member Great State Hural is described in the Constitution as “the highest organ […]

South Africa: Notice of Withdrawal from the Rome Statute Revoked

(Mar. 10, 2017) On March 7, 2017, the South African government revoked the notice of withdrawal from the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (the Rome Statute) that it had  submitted to the United Nations Secretary-General on October 19, 2016.  (South Africa: Withdrawal of Notification of Withdrawal, C.N.121.2017.TREATIES-XVIII.10 (Depositary Notification) (Mar. 7, 2017), United […]

Iran: Charter on Citizens’ Rights Signed

(Feb. 28, 2017) With the aim of “recovering and promoting citizens’ rights,” Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, under his constitutional authority to “determine the program and policies of the government,” signed the Charter on Citizens’ Rights in a ceremony on December 19, 2016.  (Rouhani Unveils Charter on Civil Rights; Vagueness Regarding “Enforcement Guarantee,” VOA (Dec. 19, […]

South Korea: President May Be Impeached

(Dec. 2, 2016) An impeachment motion against South Korean President Park Geun-hye has now been delayed and it is not certain whether it will be brought against her in, and passed by, the National Assembly. (Yoon-seung Kang, Impeachment Motion Delayed as Oppositions Fail to Narrow Gap, YONHAP NEWS (Dec. 1, 2016); for background on the […]

United Kingdom: Brexit – High Court Rules Parliamentary Consent Required

(Nov. 16, 2016) In the latest development in the United Kingdom’s path of withdrawal from membership from the European Union, the High Court of England and Wales issued a ruling on November 3, 2016, on whether the Government of the UK can invoke, without parliamentary consent, the article of the EU treaty that launches the […]

Israel: Laws Authorize Expulsion of Lawmakers Engaged in Incitement to Racism or Support of Armed Struggle Against the State

(July 21, 2016) On July 20, 2016, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Basic Law: the Knesset (Amendments No. 44) (BLK), and the Knesset Law (Amendment No. 43) (KL), both dated 5776-2016.  (Knesset website (click on Issue No. 216 (last visited July 20, 2016) (both laws in Hebrew); Basic Law: the Knesset, (5718 – 1958), […]

Egypt: Repeal of Maritime Demarcation Agreement with Saudi Arabia

(June 23, 2016) On June 21, 2016, the Egyptian Administrative Court rendered a decision nullifying the recent maritime agreement reached between Saudi Arabia and Egypt.  The agreement, which was drawn up in April 2016, allowed the ceding of the Red Sea islands of Tiran and Sanafir to Saudi Arabia.  The Saudi Shura Council and the Egyptian […]

China: Law on Legislation Amended

(July 8, 2015) On March 15, 2015, China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) adopted for the first time amendments to the Law on Legislation, which was originally promulgated in 2000. The Law regulates legislative and regulation-making activities of the NPC itself, the State Council (Cabinet), and central government departments and commissions and also the formulation of […]

Brazil: National Council of Justice Sets Quota for Blacks

(June 15, 2015) The Brazilian National Council of Justice issued a resolution on June 9, 2015, that establishes that 20% of the available positions in public exams designed to select people to enter the bodies of the judiciary, including exams to become a judge, must be filled by black people. The rule is mandatory when […]

Bangladesh: Sixteenth Amendment to Constitution Empowers Parliament to Impeach Justices

(Nov 10, 2014) Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part VI, chapter one, article 96, of the Bangladesh Constitution, which includes provisions on the tenure of office of the Supreme […]