Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

France: Senate Rejects ‘Fake News Ban’ Bills

(Sept. 24, 2018) On July 26, 2018, the French Senate rejected two controversial bills aimed at “fighting fake news.” (Press Release, Sénat [Senate], Lutte contre la manipulation de l’information [Fight Against the Manipulation of Information] (July 26, 2018).) Background First announced by President Emmanuel Macron last January and adopted by the Assemblée Nationale (National Assembly) […]

Japan: Basic Act on Countermeasures Against Gambling Addiction Enacted

(Sept. 13, 2018) The Basic Act on Countermeasures Against Gambling Addiction was enacted in Japan in July 2018. (Basic Act, Act No. 74 of 2018, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE] Extra ed. No. 154 (July 13, 2018), National Printing Bureau website (in Japanese).) The Basic Act will become effective by mid-October 2018. (Id. Supp. Provisions art. 1.) […]

India: Punjab Passes Amendments to Indian Penal Code and Code of Criminal Procedure Making Sacrilege of Certain Religious Texts a Crime

(Sept. 10, 2018) On August 28, 2018, the Punjab Legislative Assembly (Punjab Vidhan Sabha) passed the Indian Penal Code (Punjab Amendment) Bill, 2018 and the Code of Criminal Procedure (Punjab Amendment) Bill, 2018 to introduce amendments to the Indian Penal Code and Code of Criminal Procedure (applicable only in the state of Punjab) that make […]

Japan: Short-Term Home Rentals Restricted by Many Local Governments

(Aug. 31, 2018) In June 2017 the Diet (Japan’s Parliament) enacted the House Sharing Business Act, which regulates short-term home renting (minpaku). (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Law on Renting Rooms in Private Homes to Tourists, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 16, 2017).) The new law became effective on June 15, 2018. (Press Release, Japan Tourism Agency, Cabinet […]

Belgium: Proposed Amendment on Removal of Abortion from Penal Code

(Aug. 23, 2018) On August 1, 2018, the Justice Commission of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives adopted a bill introduced by representatives of the Ecolo-Groen opposition party that would remove abortion from the Penal Code and place relevant provisions in a public health law. (Proposition de loi relative à l’interruption volontaire de grossesse (1er août […]

Egypt: Bill to Provide Judicial Immunity to Military Commanders

(July 23, 2018) On July 3, 2018, the Egyptian Parliament approved a bill granting judicial immunity to officers of the highest rank in the Egyptian armed forces for military acts committed during the two-and-a-half-year period beginning with the military coup of July 2013. The bill, which will now be sent to President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi […]

Afghanistan: Distribution of Controversial Electronic Identity Cards Launched

(July 19, 2018) The distribution of controversial Electronic National Identity Cards (known as the e-Tazkira) throughout Afghanistan was launched on May 3, 2018, by Afghan president Ashraf Ghani, with Ghani becoming the first person in the country to receive the card. The president cited security concerns as the factor that made him start the process, […]

Sweden: Parliament Makes Lack of Consent the Basis for Rape Charges, Introduces Criminal Liability for Negligent Sexual Assault

(July 3, 2018) On May 23, 2018, the Swedish Parliament passed legislation that changes the definition of rape under Swedish law. The law currently considers a person to be guilty of rape “who, by assault or otherwise by force or threat of a criminal act forces another person to have sexual intercourse.” (6 kap 1 […]

Japan: Climate Change Adaptation Act Enacted

(June 26, 2018) The Japanese Diet enacted the Climate Change Adaptation Act in June 2018. (Act No. 50 of 2018, Kanpou Extra Ed. No. 126, at 41 (June 13, 2018) (in Japanese).) Before this legislation was passed, measures to reduce greenhouse gases were adopted on the basis of the Act on Promotion of Warming Countermeasures […]