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Egypt: Bill to Provide Judicial Immunity to Military Commanders

(July 23, 2018) On July 3, 2018, the Egyptian Parliament approved a bill granting judicial immunity to officers of the highest rank in the Egyptian armed forces for military acts committed during the two-and-a-half-year period beginning with the military coup of July 2013. The bill, which will now be sent to President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi […]

Afghanistan: Distribution of Controversial Electronic Identity Cards Launched

(July 19, 2018) The distribution of controversial Electronic National Identity Cards (known as the e-Tazkira) throughout Afghanistan was launched on May 3, 2018, by Afghan president Ashraf Ghani, with Ghani becoming the first person in the country to receive the card. The president cited security concerns as the factor that made him start the process, […]

Sweden: Parliament Makes Lack of Consent the Basis for Rape Charges, Introduces Criminal Liability for Negligent Sexual Assault

(July 3, 2018) On May 23, 2018, the Swedish Parliament passed legislation that changes the definition of rape under Swedish law. The law currently considers a person to be guilty of rape “who, by assault or otherwise by force or threat of a criminal act forces another person to have sexual intercourse.” (6 kap 1 […]

Japan: Climate Change Adaptation Act Enacted

(June 26, 2018) The Japanese Diet enacted the Climate Change Adaptation Act in June 2018. (Act No. 50 of 2018, Kanpou Extra Ed. No. 126, at 41 (June 13, 2018) (in Japanese).) Before this legislation was passed, measures to reduce greenhouse gases were adopted on the basis of the Act on Promotion of Warming Countermeasures […]

Japan: Three Holidays to Be Moved to Ease 2020 Olympic Ceremony Traffic

(June 26, 2018) The Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Special Measures Act (Act No. 33 of 2015) was amended on June 20, 2018. (Act to Amend the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Special Measures Act, Act No. of 2018, Kanpou Special Ed. No. 132, at 5 (June 20, 2018) (in Japanese).) Under the new Act, the dates […]

France: Bill to Amend Constitution Submitted

(June 19, 2018) On May 9, 2018, the French Prime Minister submitted a bill to the National Assembly (one of the two houses of the French Parliament) that aims to amend several provisions of the Constitution. (Projet de loi constitutionnelle pour une démocratie plus représentative, responsable et efficace [Constitutional Bill for a More Representative, Responsible, […]

Israel: Knesset Provides Extended Parental Leave to Fathers of Multiple Babies Born at One Birth

(June 7, 2018) On May 29, 2018, the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) approved an amendment to the Employment of Women Law, 5714-1954, as amended. Previously parental leave rights could be exercised at different times than maternity leave under conditions enumerated by law. The amendment allows a father whose spouse has given birth to more than one […]

Israel: Constitutionality of Removal from Parliament for Incitement to Racism or Support for Armed Struggle Against the State

(June 7, 2018) On May 27, 2018, Israel’s Supreme Court, sitting as an extended panel of nine justices, rejected joint petitions challenging the constitutionality of amendments authorizing the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) to remove sitting members determined to have acted “in a way constituting incitement to racism or support of an armed struggle against the State […]

Israel: Knesset Authorizes Eligibility Restriction on Knesset Candidates Convicted of Terrorism or Security Offenses

(May 25, 2018) On April 30, 2018, the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) passed an amendment to Basic Law: the Knesset. (Basic Law: the Knesset (Amendment No. 47), SEFER HAHUKIM (SH, BOOK OF LAWS, official gazette) 5778 No. 2715 p. 636 (Amendment Law), Knesset website (in Hebrew) (amending Basic Law: the Knesset, SH 5718 No. 244 p. […]