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Sudan: Interim Constitutional Declaration Signed

(Oct. 9, 2019) On August 4, 2019, Sudanese media announced that the Transitional Military Council and an opposition movement known as the Coalition of Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) would officially sign an interim constitutional declaration. The 2019 Interim Constitutional Declaration, consisting of 15 chapters and 70 provisions, provides that a governing council will […]

Israel: Central Elections Committee Issues Rules for Recording and Photographing at Polling Stations on Election Day

(Aug. 29, 2019) On August 26, 2019, Israel’s Central Elections Committee (CEC), headed by Chairman Hanan Melcer, deputy president of the Supreme Court, addressed the legality of placing cameras and photographing at polling stations in the upcoming elections for the 22nd Knesset (Israel’s parliament) scheduled for September 17, 2019. (File 7/22 Adalah, Legal Center for […]

Switzerland: Swiss Voters to Decide on Initiative for Democratic Control over War Material Exports

(Aug. 28, 2019) On July 16, 2019, the Swiss government announced that the popular initiative called the “Against Weapons-Exports to Regions Affected by Civil War (Correction-Initiative)” has achieved the required 100,000 signatures to be put to a vote. The initiative seeks to increase democratic control over the regulation of war material exports by inscribing the fundamental […]

Israel: Supreme Court Rules Interim Government May Not Appoint Public Officials in the Absence of Essential Urgent Needs

(Aug. 23, 2019) On August 19, 2019, Israel’s Supreme Court ordered the appointment of Ophir Cohen as director general of the Ministry of Justice to be put on hold until the minister of justice explains why his removal of Amy Palmor, the former director general of the Ministry who had served in that role for […]

Malaysia: Bill Reducing Voting Age to 18 Passed

(July 18, 2019) On July 16, 2019, the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia, passed the Constitution (Amendment) Bill 2019, which reduces the voting age in national and state elections from the current 21 years to 18 years. The Bill received 211 votes—the number of members present for the vote—surpassing the two-thirds […]

Egypt: National Referendum on Constitutional Amendments Takes Place

(June 5, 2019) On April 22, 2019, Egyptians completed casting their votes on constitutional amendments to the 2014 Egyptian Constitution. The polling was carried out over a three-day period throughout the country. (Egypt Polls Close After 3-Day Vote to Extend El-Sissi’s Rule, ASSOCIATED PRESS (Apr. 22, 2019).) The amendments passed with over 88% of voters […]

Germany: State of Brandenburg Passes Act on Gender Parity in Politics

(Feb. 14, 2019) On January 31, 2019, the German state of Brandenburg became the first state in Germany to pass an act on gender parity in politics (Parity Act). The goal of the Parity Act is to counter the current underrepresentation of women in the Parliament of Brandenburg, where they make up 38.6% of parliamentarians, […]

Togo: Parliament Adopts Bill to Promote Power Generation from Clean Sources

(Oct. 15, 2018) On July 24, 2018, Togo’s Parliament adopted a bill to promote power generation from clean sources. (Ouverture de la deuxième session extraordinaire de l’année 2018 [2018’s Second Extraordinary Assembly], Assemblée Nationale Togolais [Togolese National Assembly] website (all translations by author).) The bill was approved unanimously and includes 59 articles organized in seven […]

Kenya: Parliament Considering Amendment to the Country’s 2001 Children Act

(Oct. 5, 2018) Kenya’s Parliament is currently reviewing a new bill—the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2018—which seeks to introduce key amendments to the 2001 Children Act. The Bill has recently gone through its first reading in the National Assembly, one of the two houses of the Kenyan Parliament. (Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2018, […]