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Brazil: New Law Criminalizing Abuse of Authority Enacted

(Oct. 15, 2019) On September 5, 2019, Brazil’s president, Jair Bolsonaro, promulgated Law No. 13,869 (Lei No. 13.869, de 5 de Setembro de 2019), which provides for crimes of abuse of authority and amends and revokes other laws. President Bolsonaro had initially issued 19 vetoes that encompassed 36 provisions of the Law, and the National Congress […]

Sudan: Interim Constitutional Declaration Signed

(Oct. 9, 2019) On August 4, 2019, Sudanese media announced that the Transitional Military Council and an opposition movement known as the Coalition of Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) would officially sign an interim constitutional declaration. The 2019 Interim Constitutional Declaration, consisting of 15 chapters and 70 provisions, provides that a governing council will […]

International: World Trade Organization Authorizes United States Countermeasures Against the European Union

(Oct. 8, 2019) On October 2, 2019, the World Trade Organization (WTO) authorized the United States to apply countermeasures of nearly $7.5 billion annually against the European Union (EU) in a long-running dispute regarding subsidies given by the EU to the aircraft manufacturer Airbus. Airbus and the United States manufacturer Boeing dominate the worldwide commercial […]

Morocco: Draft Law Introduced to Protect Whistle-Blowers in Corruption Cases

(Oct. 8, 2019) On February 15, 2019, the Moroccan Minister of Administration and Public Service announced the introduction of a new draft law to protect whistle-blowers. The draft law is intended to fulfill Morocco’s commitment as a signatory to the United Nations Convention against Corruption to enact relevant domestic laws, in this case by protecting […]

Brazil: Insurance on Demand Authorized by Federal Agency Responsible for Control of Insurance Market

(Oct. 7, 2019) On August 26, 2019, Brazil’s Superintendence of Private Insurance (Superintendência de Seguro Privado, SUSEP), issued Act (Circular) No. 592 (Circular SUSEP No. 592, de 26 de Agosto de 2019), which authorizes “on demand” insurance policies.  Such policies may have terms of months, days, hours, minutes, or may even lack a defined deadline, […]

International: International Law Commission Adopts ‘Sea-Level Rise in Relation to International Law’ as Topic for Long-Term Work Program

(Oct. 2, 2019) In the summer of 2019, the United Nations International Law Commission (ILC) adopted the topic of “Sea-Level Rise in Relation to International Law” for its program of work. The ILC noted that the real and potential legal implications of sea-level rise are numerous: What happens to existing low-lying coastal areas and islands […]

Brazil: Superior Tribunal of Justice Rules Uber Drivers Do Not Have a Labor Relationship

(Oct. 1, 2019) On September 4, 2019, a decision issued by the Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiça, STJ) determining that Uber drivers do not have ­­ labor relationship and therefore cannot claim rights in labor courts was published in Brazil’s official gazette. (STJ, Conflito de Competência No. 164.544 – MG (2019/0079952-0).) The […]

Ukraine: New Law Makes Charging Stations More Accessible and Requires Designated Lanes for Electric Vehicles

(Sept. 24, 2019) On July 11, 2019, the president of Ukraine signed into a law a bill on facilitating access to charging stations and requiring designated lanes for electric vehicles. (Law of Ukraine on Amendments to Some Legislative Acts of Ukraine on Creating Access to Charging Station Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles, July 11, 2019). The […]

Burkina Faso: Parliament Amends Penal Code

(Sept. 20, 2019) On June 20, 2019, Burkina Faso’s Parliament amended the country’s Penal Code to introduce a series of new offenses that aim to fight terrorism and organized crime, fight the spread of “fake news,” and suppress efforts to “demoralize” the Burkinabe armed forces. Many journalists and NGOs have denounced the newly created offenses, […]

Denmark: Supreme Court Upholds Conviction of Danish Citizen for Illegal Presence in Syria

(Sept. 18, 2019) On August 27, 2019, the Danish Supreme Court sentenced a Danish citizen for unlawful presence in al-Raqqa, Syria, while fighting against the Islamic State (ISIS). The Court thereby affirmed the appellate court decision, finding that the citizen’s presence violated section 114 j of the Danish Criminal Code. (Supreme Court Case No. 27/2019, […]