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Georgia: Laws Translated into Minority Languages

(Jan. 23, 2009) On January 5, 2009, the Government of Georgia launched the publication of the nation's Constitution and other legislative acts in the Azerbaijani language. Ethnic Azerbaijanis are the largest minority group in Georgia and constitute about seven percent of the country's population of 4.6 million. They reside mainly in Kvemo Kartli Province, where […]

Armenia: Laws Will Be Passed in Foreign Languages

(Dec. 15, 2008) On December 2, 2008, the Armenian Parliament approved amendments to the Law on Legal Acts that obligate the government to draft, and the legislature to pass, legal acts on aviation and nuclear energy in foreign languages. The specific foreign languages are not listed in the amended Act but will depend on the […]

Brazil: Decree Changes Orthography in Brazil

(Oct. 6, 2008) On September 29, 2008, Brazil's President, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, signed Decree No. 6583, which promulgates the Orthographic Agreement of the Portuguese Language, previously signed in Lisbon on December 16, 1990, by Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal and São Tomé e Príncipe. According to the Agreement, the letters […]

Portugal: Parliament Approves Second Protocol to Orthographic Agreement

(June 2, 2008) On May 16, 2008, the Portuguese Parliament approved the second protocol that modified the Orthographic Agreement of the Portuguese Language of 1990, an agreement between several Portuguese speaking nations. Portugal now will have to change 1.42% of its words and will have six years to adapt to the new rules. According to […]

Ukraine: New Measures to Promote the Native Language

(Dec. 2, 2007) On November 20, 2007, Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko signed a decree on further promotion of the state language, which is Ukrainian, in the areas predominantly populated by non-Ukrainian minorities, especially in the Crimean peninsula. According to the Decree, new educational establishments, including a Ukrainian-Russian university, will be opened in such areas, special […]