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European Union: European Court of Justice Rules on Religious Employment Discrimination

(Oct. 3, 2018) On September 11, 2018, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) held that dismissing a Catholic employee in a managerial position at a Catholic hospital for remarrying in a civil ceremony could constitute discrimination. According to the Court, religion or belief must be a genuine, legitimate, and justified occupational requirement in light of […]

Italy: New Law Amends Rules on Fixed-Term Employment Contracts, Delocalization of Companies, and Determining Taxpayer Income

(Aug. 30, 2018) On July 14, 2018, a new law amending rules on fixed-term employment contracts entered into force in Italy. (Decree Law No. 87 of July 12, 2018, Urgent Provisions for the Dignity of Workers and Companies) (D.L. No. 87), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.), July 13, 2018 (in Italian), G.U. website.) Covered Contracts The new […]

Brazil: National Labor Policy Within the Prison System Enacted

(July 26, 2018) On July 24, 2018, Brazil enacted Decree No. 9,450, which creates the National Labor Policy Within the Prison System (Política Nacional de Trabalho no âmbito do Sistema Prisional, PNAT) to allow persons deprived of their liberty and those who have left the prison system to more easily enter the work world and […]

Israel: Knesset Provides Extended Parental Leave to Fathers of Multiple Babies Born at One Birth

(June 7, 2018) On May 29, 2018, the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) approved an amendment to the Employment of Women Law, 5714-1954, as amended. Previously parental leave rights could be exercised at different times than maternity leave under conditions enumerated by law. The amendment allows a father whose spouse has given birth to more than one […]

Bolivia: Law on Social Enterprises Promulgated

(May 25, 2018) On May 1, 2018, Bolivian President Evo Morales promulgated Ley 1055 de Empresas Sociales (Law 1055 on Social Enterprises). The new Law allows workers to take over private companies they work for when the companies enter into bankruptcy and to convert them into “social companies” to stimulate production and address unemployment. (Ley […]

Japan: Employers Obligated to Employ More People with Disabilities, Including People with Developmental Disorders

(May 22, 2018) The 2013 amendment (Act No. 46 of 2013, House of Representatives website (in Japanese)) to an employment law aimed at ensuring more disabled people are employed (Act on Promotion of Employment of the Disabled, Act No. 123 of 1960, as amended, Japan e-Gov website (in Japanese) took effect in Japan on April […]

South Korea: Labor Standards Law Amended to Limit Workweek

(May 18, 2018) On March 20, 2018, the President of South Korea promulgated an amendment to the country’s 1997 Labor Standards Act. The amendment had been passed by the National Assembly on February 27, 2018. (Labor Standards Act, Act No. 5309, Mar. 13, 1997, amended by Act No. 15513, Mar. 20, 2018 (in Korean).) The […]

Germany: Companies May Exclude Spouses Who Are More than 15 Years Younger than the Deceased from Survivors’ Benefits

(Apr. 25, 2018) In a decision published on April 11, 2018, the German Federal Labor Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) ruled that a clause in an occupational pension agreement that excludes from survivors’ benefits spouses who are more than 15 years younger than the deceased former employee does not constitute discrimination on the grounds of age. (BAG, […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Annuls Legislation Permitting Continuation of Activities by an Industrial Facility of National Strategic Interest

(Apr. 23, 2018) On February 7, 2018, the Italian Constitutional Court declared the unconstitutionality of several legal provisions that allowed the continuation of activities at industrial facilities considered of national strategic interest in violation of constitutionally protected workers’ rights. (Decision No. 58 of March 23, 2018, Issued in a Constitutional Legitimacy Case by Incidental Procedure (the […]

Argentina: Bill on Gender Parity and Equal Opportunities in the Workplace Proposed

(Apr. 4, 2018) On March 13, 2018, Argentina’s government submitted to the National Congress a bill to amend the Labor Contract Law in order to establish gender parity standards in the workplace. (Proyecto 0038/18, Mar. 13, 2018, Cámara de Diputados website.) The bill aims at implementing equal pay for equal work, enforcing equality in hiring […]