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China: Supreme People’s Court Adds Four More Circuit Courts

(Feb. 13, 2017) On December 28 and 29, 2016, the Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Circuit Courts of China’s highest court, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC), officially inaugurated their operations.  (Zuigao Fa Disan Disi Xunhui Fating Jiepai, Kaishi Zhengshi Bangong) [SPC 3rd and 4th Circuit Courts Launched, Started Formal Operations], XINHUANET (Dec. 29, 2016); Zuigao Renmin […]

Italy: Law to Increase Efficiency of Judicial Procedures

(Nov. 9, 2016) On August 31, 2016, new legislation designed to increase the efficiency of judicial proceedings entered into effect in Italy. (Decree Law No. 168 of August 31, 2016, Urgent Measures for the Settlement of Contentious Procedures Before the Court of Cassation [Supreme Court for Civil Matters], for the Efficiency of the Judiciary, and […]

Italy: Civil Liability of Judges

(Apr. 9, 2015) Italy has approved new legislation on the civil liability of judges. (Law No. 18 of February 27, 2015, on Civil Liability of Magistrates, GAZETTA UFFICIALE (G. U.) No. 52, NORMATTIVA, amending Law No. 117 of April 13, 1988, Indemnification of Damages Caused in the Exercise of Judicial Functions and Civil Liability of […]

Pakistan: Constitutional Amendment to Extend Jurisdiction of Superior Courts to Tribal Areas

(Mar. 3, 2015) On February 20, 2015, Pakistan’s Senate Standing Committee on Law and Justice approved a constitutional amendment that would extend the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and a High Court to Pakistan’s specially administered tribal regions. (Constitutional Amendment: Senate Body Clears Bill on Tribal People’s Rights, EXPRESS TRIBUNE (Feb. 20, 2015).) The amendment, […]

United States: Appellate Court Rules Alien Tort Statute Provides Federal Jurisdiction over Claims Arising from Injuries Inflicted Abroad

(July 7, 2014) The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit has ruled that under the Alien Tort Statute, an American corporation in certain circumstances can be sued for alleged violations of international law where the injuries occurred outside the United States, if the claims sufficiently “touch and concern” United States territory. (Al Shimari […]