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Brazil: Supreme Court Rules Federal Police Plea Bargains Are Constitutional

(June 25, 2018) On June 21, 2018, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) ruled on a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade (ADI) 5508) proposed by the Public Prosecutor’s Office (Procuradoria Geral da República), holding that agents of the Federal Police (Delegados) could not make plea bargain agreements (acordos de […]

China: Supreme People’s Court Adds Four More Circuit Courts

(Feb. 13, 2017) On December 28 and 29, 2016, the Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Circuit Courts of China’s highest court, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC), officially inaugurated their operations.  (Zuigao Fa Disan Disi Xunhui Fating Jiepai, Kaishi Zhengshi Bangong) [SPC 3rd and 4th Circuit Courts Launched, Started Formal Operations], XINHUANET (Dec. 29, 2016); Zuigao Renmin […]

Italy: Law to Increase Efficiency of Judicial Procedures

(Nov. 9, 2016) On August 31, 2016, new legislation designed to increase the efficiency of judicial proceedings entered into effect in Italy. (Decree Law No. 168 of August 31, 2016, Urgent Measures for the Settlement of Contentious Procedures Before the Court of Cassation [Supreme Court for Civil Matters], for the Efficiency of the Judiciary, and […]

Israel: Jurisdiction over Suits Involving Provision of Services to Israeli Customers via Internet by International Corporations

(June 16, 2015) On May 31, 2015, Israel’s Central District Court approved the filing of a class action suit against PayPal Corporation for requiring Israeli customers wishing to transfer foreign currency to Israeli bank accounts managed in foreign currency to first change the foreign currency to Israeli currency and pay a commission for the procedure. […]

Italy: Civil Liability of Judges

(Apr. 9, 2015) Italy has approved new legislation on the civil liability of judges. (Law No. 18 of February 27, 2015, on Civil Liability of Magistrates, GAZETTA UFFICIALE (G. U.) No. 52, NORMATTIVA, amending Law No. 117 of April 13, 1988, Indemnification of Damages Caused in the Exercise of Judicial Functions and Civil Liability of […]

Pakistan: Constitutional Amendment to Extend Jurisdiction of Superior Courts to Tribal Areas

(Mar. 3, 2015) On February 20, 2015, Pakistan’s Senate Standing Committee on Law and Justice approved a constitutional amendment that would extend the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and a High Court to Pakistan’s specially administered tribal regions. (Constitutional Amendment: Senate Body Clears Bill on Tribal People’s Rights, EXPRESS TRIBUNE (Feb. 20, 2015).) The amendment, […]

Italy: Measures to Decrease Backlogs in Civil Proceedings

(Oct. 3, 2014) Recently adopted legislation in Italy seeks to clear the country’s considerable backlog of civil cases through a series of measures in the areas of attorney-client relationships, civil actions, family law proceedings, arbitration proceedings, summary proceedings, enforcement procedures, and the transfer of judges throughout the country. (Decree-Law No. 132, of September 12, 2014 […]

United States: Appellate Court Rules Alien Tort Statute Provides Federal Jurisdiction over Claims Arising from Injuries Inflicted Abroad

(July 7, 2014) The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit has ruled that under the Alien Tort Statute, an American corporation in certain circumstances can be sued for alleged violations of international law where the injuries occurred outside the United States, if the claims sufficiently “touch and concern” United States territory. (Al Shimari […]