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United Nations: Appeals Tribunal Hears First Cases

(Apr. 8, 2010) The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the U.N. official languages and then posted online through the website of the U.N.'s Office of the […]

European Court of Human Rights: Members of Council of Europe Agree to Proceed in Further Reform of European Court of Human Rights

(Mar. 30, 2010) Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), under the chairmanship of the Swiss government. For the last ten years, the ECHR has encountered an […]

European Union; Nigeria: Conference Held on Improving Judicial Performance Evaluation System

(Mar. 10, 2010) The European Union, under the Financing Agreement No. 9356/UNI “EU Support to Law Enforcement against Economic and Financial Crimes,” has granted Nigeria's judiciary N5.2 billion (about US$34 million) to help combat economic and financial crime and strengthen judicial integrity and capacity. The grant, funded by the European Development Fund for the period […]

Nepal: Fast-Track Courts Ordered for Cases Involving Women, Children

(Feb. 24, 2010) On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities – the Office of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare, […]

African Union: Hybrid Court to Try Perpetrators of Darfur Crimes

(Nov. 6, 2009) It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators of crimes committed in Darfur. The court would have Sudanese judges, as well as non-Sudanese judges […]

Rwanda: Supreme Court to Undertake Major Procedural Reforms

(Oct. 30, 2009) It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise Karugarama, the Justice Minister, told Parliament that the bill was necessitated in order to find a […]

Brazil: President Nominates 8th Justice for Federal Supreme Court

(Oct. 23, 2009) On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of José Antônio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is the eighth justice nominated during the administration of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, a record […]

Bangladesh: Forced Retirement of Two Judges Was Unconstitutional

(Oct. 20, 2009) The Prime Minister of Bangladesh ordered two district court judges into retirement on July 30, 2009. The Prime Minister's order was in retaliation for the judges' involvement in a demonstration at the Law Ministry protesting certain procedures relating to separation of the judiciary from the executive branch. The decision was made public […]

United Kingdom: New Supreme Court Opens for Business

(Oct. 9, 2009) The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary in the UK and is provided for in the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. Prior to the […]

Qatar: Constitutional Court Established

(Oct. 5, 2009) On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. It has jurisdiction over disputes concerning constitutional interpretations and is to make certain that legislation does not conflict with the constitution. The new court will rule […]