Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Rules All Couples Have the Same Inheritance Rights

(May 17, 2017) In a ruling issued on May 10, 2017, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) determined that, for the purpose of inheritance rights, “stable unions” and marriages have the same legal value, providing partners in stable unions the same rights as those of  married persons.  (STF, Recurso Extraordinário (RE) 646721, […]

Turkey: New Emergency Decree Laws Issued

(May 11, 2017) On April 29, 2017, Turkey published two new emergency decree-laws, numbers 689 and 690, in the country’s Official Gazette, bringing the total number of such laws issued since the failed coup attempt in July 2016 to 24.  (Ashley Hogan, Turkey Removes 3900 from Civil Service Positions on Alleged Terrorist Links, PAPER CHASE […]

Egypt: Parliament Approves an Amendment to the Judicial Authority Law

(May 2, 2017) On April 26, 2017, the Council of Representatives, the Egyptian parliament, passed Law No. 13 of 2017 amending the Judicial Authority Law, Law No. 46 of 1972.  (Law No. 13 of 2017, 17 AL JARIDDAH AL-RASMYIAH [OFFICIAL GAZETTE] (Annex) (Apr. 27, 2017) (in Arabic); Law 46 of 1972, 40 AL JARIDDAH AL-RASMYIAH […]

Israel: Supreme Court Prohibits Third Party Appeal over Legitimacy of Divorce

(Apr. 28, 2017) On March 30, 2017, Israel’s Supreme Court, sitting as a High Court of Justice, accepted an appeal against a Rabbinical Court of Appeals decision to review an appeal submitted by an unrelated third party against the legitimacy of a get (Jewish divorce document) recognized by the regional rabbinical court. (HJC 9261/16 Anonymous […]

Israel: First Female Judge Selected for Muslim Religious Court

(Apr. 27, 2017) On April 25, 2017, the Qadis (Muslim law judges) Appointment Committee in Israel selected Hana Mansour-Khatib, a female jurist, for the position of a Sharia (Islamic law) court judge.  Mansour-Khatib is a lawyer specializing in Sharia family law and a licensed mediator.  (Hur Uriel Nizari, History in the Committee for the Appointment of […]

China: New Supreme Court Interpretations on Enforcement of Civil Judgments

(Apr. 26, 2017) On February 28, 2017, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) released two judicial interpretations on enforcement of judgments in civil cases.  Both interpretations will come into effect on May 1, 2017.  (Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Guanyu Minshi Zhixing Zhong Caichan Diaocha Ruogan Wenti de Guiding [SPC Provisions on […]

China: Guiding Case on Liability of Online Shopping Platforms in Tort Cases

(Apr. 20, 2017) On March 6, 2017, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) released the sixteenth batch of guiding cases. (Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Fabu Di Shiliu Pi Zhidaoxing Anli [The Supreme People’s Court Released the Sixteenth Batch of Guiding Cases], SPC website (Mar. 16, 2017); see also Laney Zhang, […]

Brazil: New Law Creates System of Guarantees for Protection of Young Victims of Violence

(Apr. 20, 2017) On March 31, 2017, Brazil’s government adopted Law No. 13,431 to put in place a system of guarantees for children and adolescents who are witnesses to or victims of violence, to create mechanisms to prevent violence, and to establish measures of assistance and protection for children and adolescents in situations of violence. […]

Kenya: Parliament Ordered to Enact Legislation Related to Increasing the Number of Female Members

(Apr. 19, 2017) On March 29, 2017, the Constitutional and Human Rights Division of the High Court of Kenya at Nairobi found that the two houses of the national legislature, the National Assembly and the Senate, failed to perform their constitutional obligation to ensure that not more than two-thirds of their members be of the […]

Sweden: Svea Court of Appeal Upholds Genocide Conviction

(Apr. 5, 2017) On February 15, 2017,Sweden’s Svea Court of Appeal upheld a previous district court conviction for genocide in the case of a Hutu Rwandan refugee who also holds Swedish citizenship. (Press Release, Dom i folkmords-mål [Judgment in Genocide Case] (Feb. 15, 2017), Svea Court of Appeal website; Case B 4951-16, Svea Court of […]