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Brazil: New President of Federal Supreme Court

(Apr. 2, 2008) On March 12, 2008, Justice Gilmar Mendes was elected to preside over the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court for the next two years and Justice Cezar Peluso was elected vice-president. Justice Mendes will also preside over the National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça), a judicial agency responsible for the administrative and […]

China: Supreme People’s Court 2008 Work Report Delivered

(Apr. 2, 2008) On March 10, 2008, Xiao Yang, President and Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court of China (SPC) delivered the 2008 SPC Work Report to the First Session of the 11th National People's Congress (NPC). (Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Gongzuo Baogao, XINHUA, http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2008-03/22/content_7837838.htm (last visited Apr. 3, 2008).) According to the Work Report, […]

International Criminal Court; Madagascar: International Criminal Court Statute Ratified

(Apr. 2, 2008) On March 14, 2008, Madagascar deposited its instrument of ratification of the Rome Statute, the instrument that establishes the International Criminal Court, with that court in The Hague. It will enter into force for the country on June 1, 2008. On that date, there will be 106 nations that participate in the […]

Bangladesh: Contempt of Court Ordinance Approved

(Mar. 2, 2008) On March 3, the Council of Advisers of the caretaker government of Bangladesh approved a draft law, the Contempt of Court Ordinance 2008, which is intended to remove confusing provisions in existing law pertaining to the power of courts to hold persons in contempt. The new ordinance will repeal the Contempt of […]

Bangladesh: Supreme Court Stayed High Court Judgment

(Mar. 2, 2008) The Appellate Division of the Supreme Court allowed the caretaker government of Bangladesh to file an appeal against the High Court's February 6, 2008 judgment on the extortion trial of former Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, and stayed the High Court judgment that declared the trial illegal under the Emergency Powers Rules of […]

Armenia: Judicial Code Enters into Force

(Feb. 2, 2008) On January 1, 2008, the Judicial Code, which was passed by the Armenian legislature on April 28, 2007, entered into force. For the first time, a post-Soviet republic has adopted a legal act that includes all legislative norms regulating the principles and practices of the judiciary and that establishes new, revolutionary norms […]

Greece: Early Retirement and Removal of Judges from the Judiciary

(Feb. 2, 2008) Under the Greek Constitution, judges are appointed for life, with a mandatory retirement age of 65 for all judges up to the rank of Court of Appeals Judge or Court of Appeals Deputy Prosecutor. For those of a higher rank, retirement is mandatory at 67. A new law on the early voluntary […]

Swaziland: Criminal Justice System

(Feb. 2, 2008) Seven months after his appointment as Chief Justice of Swaziland, Richard Banda acknowledged the existence of "too much corruption" in the country's judiciary. Speaking about the setbacks experienced in the year 2007, he disclosed that serious corruption allegations have been made against individuals working in all branches of the criminal justice system, […]

Bangladesh: Lawyers’ Fury Scares Judges

(Jan. 2, 2008) On November 30, 2006, irate members of the Bangladesh Supreme Court Bar stormed the courtroom of the Chief Justice of Bangladesh to protest his issuance of an order staying the proceedings of three politically sensitive writ petitions challenging President Iajuddin Ahmed's assumption of the office of head of the caretaker government. The […]

Pakistan: Order Curtails Supreme Court Powers

(Jan. 2, 2008) On December 4, 2007, the Supreme Court of Pakistan refused to entertain a petition against amendments made to the Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority Ordinance (PEMRA), on the grounds that the scope of article 184(3) of the Constitution, under which the plea had been filed, had been curtailed under the Provisional Constitution […]