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Norway: Supreme Court Rules on Production of Electronic Evidence in Civil Disputes

(July 25, 2019) On May 28, 2019 the Supreme Court of Norway ruled that parties to a civil dispute could be requested to produce digital documents only if the request is sufficiently specific and includes only relevant evidence, and the cost of producing the evidence is proportional to the value of the dispute. (Norges Høyesterett […]

United Kingdom: Belfast High Court Quashes Warrants Against Journalists, Leading to Case Being Dropped

(July 24, 2019) On May 31, 2019, the Northern Ireland High Court in Belfast ruled that search warrants executed on two journalists for journalistic materials seized during an investigation into the suspected theft of confidential documents from the Northern Ireland Police Ombudsman’s office were “inappropriate.”  The Court recommended that the journalistic materials be returned. (Loughinisland: […]

Russia: President Signs Law Allowing Adoption of Children by People with Particular Diseases

(June 26, 2019) On May 29, 2019, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill that allows courts to use discretion in approving adoption orders concerning children who already live with their prospective adoptive parents if one of the parents is suffering from certain diseases. (Federal Law No. 115 of May 29, 2019, on […]

United States: Federal Appellate Court Restores Lawsuit Against French Bank by Victims of Sudanese Regime’s Atrocities

(June 6, 2019) The US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit recently revived a tort lawsuit brought by victims of the Sudanese regime’s atrocities against BNP Paribas (BNPP), a French bank convicted in 2015 of evading US sanctions on Sudan.  (Kashef v. BNP Paribas SA, No. 18-1301 (2d Cir. 2019) (Kashef), US Court of […]

Egypt: National Referendum on Constitutional Amendments Takes Place

(June 5, 2019) On April 22, 2019, Egyptians completed casting their votes on constitutional amendments to the 2014 Egyptian Constitution. The polling was carried out over a three-day period throughout the country. (Egypt Polls Close After 3-Day Vote to Extend El-Sissi’s Rule, ASSOCIATED PRESS (Apr. 22, 2019).) The amendments passed with over 88% of voters […]

Israel: Petition Against President’s Assignment of Netanyahu to Form Government Rejected

(May 29, 2019) On April 23, 2019, the Supreme Court sitting as a High Court of Justice rejected a petition to declare the assignment of forming a government to Binyamin Netanyahu “unconstitutional and harming the essence of the rule of law in the State of Israel.” The Court similarly rejected the petitioners’ request to order […]

Italy: Revocation of Driver’s License in Cases of Vehicular Homicide Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 28, 2019) On April 17, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional a provision of Legislative Decree No. 285 of April 30, 1992 (New Traffic Code) because it did not provide for an alternative administrative penalty of suspending the driver’s license of persons convicted of vehicular homicide (omicidio stradale) and causing serious traffic injuries […]

Italy: Law Regulating Duration of Administrative Processes Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 17, 2019) On February 6, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared article 54, paragraph 2 of Decree-Law No. 112 of June 25, 2008 unconstitutional because the provision establishes an excessive duration for administrative procedures. In its decision, the Court highlighted that all legal procedures must have a reasonable duration. By declaring this provision unconstitutional, […]

Italy: Legal Provision Not Allowing Home Detention Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 16, 2019) On April 19, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional article 47-ter, paragraph 1-ter of Law No. 354 of July 26, 1975, because it failed to provide for humanitarian home detention for convicted prisoners experiencing supervening serious mental illnesses. (Decision No. 99 of April 19, 2019, Issued in a Constitutional Legitimacy Case […]

Hong Kong: Court of Appeal Declines to Issue Sentencing Guidelines for Animal Cruelty Cases

(Apr. 30, 2019) In a judgment dated April 4, 2019, Hong Kong’s Court of Appeal turned down a Department of Justice prosecutor’s request to increase punishments for an animal abuser and declined to issue sentencing guidelines for animal cruelty cases. (Chris Lau, Punishment for Animal Abuse Should Not Be Strengthened Say Hong Kong Judges, As […]