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Colombia: Constitutional Reforms Proposed to Increase Punishment for Violent and Sexual Crimes Against Minors

(Nov. 12, 2019) During debates over the last several months in the Colombian Congress regarding a proposed constitutional reform to apply life imprisonment to perpetrators of violent and sexual crimes against children, representative Jaime Rodriguez submitted an additional and highly controversial proposal to impose the death penalty for those who commit such crimes. Article 11 of the Colombian […]

French Constitutional Court Extends Principle of Affordable Public Education to Higher Education

(Oct. 30, 2019) On October 11, 2019, the Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council, France’s constitutional court) ruled that public higher education should remain affordable for all, including students from outside the European Union (EU). This ruling stems from a decision by the French government to increase fees paid by students from outside the EU. Under the […]

Brazil: Association of Magistrates Questions Constitutionality of Law Criminalizing Abuse of Authority

(Oct. 25, 2019) On September 28, 2019, the Association of Brazilian Magistrates (Associação de Magistrados Brasileiros, AMB) filed a lawsuit with the Federal Supreme Court asking the Court to declare unconstitutional articles 9, 10, 19, 20, 27, 30, 32, 33, 36, 37, and 43 of Law No. 13,869 of September 5, 2019. This Law was […]

Turkey: AKP Submits Draft “Judicial Reform Package” to Grand National Assembly

(Oct. 17, 2019) On October 7, 2019, the Justice Commission of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (GNAT, Turkey’s parliament) accepted a draft bill constituting a “judicial reform package” that was submitted to the GNAT by Turkey’s Justice and Development Party (the AKP) on September 30, 2019. A press statement released by the AKP stated […]

Sudan: Interim Constitutional Declaration Signed

(Oct. 9, 2019) On August 4, 2019, Sudanese media announced that the Transitional Military Council and an opposition movement known as the Coalition of Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) would officially sign an interim constitutional declaration. The 2019 Interim Constitutional Declaration, consisting of 15 chapters and 70 provisions, provides that a governing council will […]

Brazil: Superior Tribunal of Justice Rules Uber Drivers Do Not Have a Labor Relationship

(Oct. 1, 2019) On September 4, 2019, a decision issued by the Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiça, STJ) determining that Uber drivers do not have ­­ labor relationship and therefore cannot claim rights in labor courts was published in Brazil’s official gazette. (STJ, Conflito de Competência No. 164.544 – MG (2019/0079952-0).) The […]

Denmark: Supreme Court Upholds Conviction of Danish Citizen for Illegal Presence in Syria

(Sept. 18, 2019) On August 27, 2019, the Danish Supreme Court sentenced a Danish citizen for unlawful presence in al-Raqqa, Syria, while fighting against the Islamic State (ISIS). The Court thereby affirmed the appellate court decision, finding that the citizen’s presence violated section 114 j of the Danish Criminal Code. (Supreme Court Case No. 27/2019, […]

Turkey: Court of Cassation Ruling Clarifies ‘Appeal in the Interest of Law’ Procedure

(Sept. 16, 2019) On February 14, 2019, the 11th Civil Chamber of the Turkish Court of Cassation issued a judgment clarifying the extraordinary appeal procedure “appeal in the interest of law” (kanun yararina temyiz). The judgment was published in the Official Gazette on August 22, 2019. “Appeal in the interest of law” is a procedure […]

Israel: Supreme Court Holds Critical Parody of Nespresso Commercials Do Not Violate Copyright or Trademarks

(Sept. 5, 2019) On August 7, 2019, Israel’s Supreme Court upheld the Tel Aviv District Court’s decision to dismiss a claim by Nestle Nespresso (the appellant) that the Israeli coffee company Espresso Club (the respondent) had violated Nespresso’s copyright and trademark by broadcasting several commercials referencing its own ads. Nespresso had also alleged that the […]