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Germany: University Admission Rules for Medical Studies Partially Unconstitutional

(Jan. 16, 2018) On December 19, 2017, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) held that the federal framework and state implementing provisions regulating university admissions for medical studies at Germany’s public universities are partially incompatible with the German Basic Law, the country’s Constitution. The Court stated that the provisions infringe the applicants’ constitutional right […]

Japan: Supreme Court Says Pretense of Being Deceived Did Not Affect Responsibility for Attempted Fraud

(Jan. 11, 2018) On December 11, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court rendered a decision in a fraud case in which the victim cooperated with the police investigation after she realized the fraud had occurred. (Sup. Ct., Case No. 2017 (a) 1079 (Dec. 11, 2017) (click characters beside PDF icon at the bottom) (in Japanese).) In this […]

Japan: Supreme Court Dismisses Appeal Concerning Noises from Daycare

(Jan. 8, 2018) On December 19, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court dismissed an appeal by a man who had complained about noises from a daycare center for preschool-age children. (Gen Okamoto, “Noisy” Voices of Children Playing at Daycare, Loss of Lawsuit by Man Affirmed, ASAHI SHIMBUN (Dec. 21, 2017) (in Japanese) (it appears that the decision […]

Israel: State Not Authorized to Block Release of Terrorists’ Bodies to Families

(Dec. 28, 2017) On December 14, 2017, Israel’s Supreme Court, sitting as a High Court of Justice, by a two-to-one majority accepted petitions against the State’s holding the bodies of perpetrators of terrorist acts to enable future negotiations on the release of Israeli prisoners and bodies held by terrorist organizations. (HCJ 4466/16 Alian v. IDF […]

ICC: Jurisdiction over Crime of Aggression Activated

(Dec. 26, 2017) The Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) met at United Nations headquarters from December 4 to 14, 2017. (Press Release, Assembly Activates Court’s Jurisdiction over Crime of Aggression, ICC website (Dec. 15, 2017).) The Assembly “is the Court’s management oversight and legislative body and […]

France: Special Security Measures Declared Unconstitutional

(Dec. 20, 2017) In a decision handed down on December 1, 2017, France’s Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Court) examined the legality of security measures that allowed local prefects to establish special security zones within which law enforcement officers could check people’s identification papers and search their bags and vehicles without cause. (Conseil Constitutionnel [CC] Decision No. […]

Japan: Supreme Court Rules Obligatory Contracts with Public Broadcasting Corporation for Reception Equipment Are Constitutional

(Dec. 13, 2017) In a decision issued on December 6, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court ruled that a provision obligating persons who have installed such broadcast-reception equipment as televisions to conclude a contract with Japan’s public broadcasting corporation is constitutional.  (Sup. Ct. Dec. 6, 2017, 2014 (o) 1130, Courts in Japan website (in Japanese) (click on […]

Georgia: Marijuana Use Decriminalized

(Dec. 13, 2017) On November 30, 2017, the Constitutional Court of Georgia decriminalized the personal use of marijuana and other cannabis-based products. The Court decision, while affirming the right to use marijuana, recognized its potential health risks and did not legalize the sale, distribution, or production of marijuana; those acts are still considered crimes.  Decriminalization […]

Germany: Regional Court of Frankfurt Establishes English-Speaking Chamber for Commercial Matters

(Dec. 6, 2017) On November 2, 2017, the German Regional Court of Frankfurt am Main (Landgericht Frankfurt am Main) reported that they will establish an English-speaking Chamber for Commercial Matters in January 2018. If a party requests that the dispute be litigated in English, the dispute will be automatically assigned to the new Chamber. If […]

Cambodia: Supreme Court Dissolves Main Opposition Party

(Dec. 6, 2017) On November 16, 2017, Cambodia’s Supreme Court dissolved the country’s main opposition party, the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), and placed a five-year ban to effectively preclude 118 CNRP members from participation in any political activity.  (Prak Chan Thul & Amy Sawitta Lefevre, Cambodia’s Opposition Braces for Supreme Court Decision, REUTERS (Nov. […]