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Israel: Constitutionality of Removal from Parliament for Incitement to Racism or Support for Armed Struggle Against the State

(June 7, 2018) On May 27, 2018, Israel’s Supreme Court, sitting as an extended panel of nine justices, rejected joint petitions challenging the constitutionality of amendments authorizing the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) to remove sitting members determined to have acted “in a way constituting incitement to racism or support of an armed struggle against the State […]

Italy: Law Amending Compensation System for Judges and Lawyers Takes Effect

(May 16, 2018) On April 24, 2018, a new law amending the compensation system for certain judges and lawyers came into effect in Italy, which among other things encourages lawyers to enable documents filed in court to be electronically searchable. (Decree of the Ministry of Justice No. 37 of March 8, 2018, Regulations on the […]

Pakistan: Law Passed Extending Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and Peshawar High Court to Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)

(May 15, 2018) On April 13, 2018, Pakistan’s Senate (upper house of Parliament) passed a bill allowing the Federal government to extend the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the Peshawar High Court to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). (Nadir Guramani, Senate Approves Bill to Extend Jurisdiction of Supreme Court, Peshawar High Court to […]

China: Shanghai Financial Court to Be Established

(May 14, 2018) On April 27, 2018, the National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) passed a decision to establish a specialized financial court in Shanghai called the Shanghai Financial Court. The decision took effect on April 28, 2018. (Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui Changwuweiyuanhui Guanyu Sheli Shanghai Jinrong Fayuan de Jueding [NPCSC Decision on Establishing the […]

France: Government Announces Reforms of Judicial System

(Apr. 27, 2018) On April 20, 2018, the French Minister of Justice announced that the government planned to submit a bill to reform the country’s judicial system. (Compte-rendu du Conseil des ministers du vendredi 20 avril 2018: Projet de Loi, Renforcement de l’organisation des juridictions et programmation pour la justice 2018–2022 [Minutes of the Council […]

Russia: No Warrant Needed for Chat and Email Eavesdropping

(Mar. 29, 2018) In a recently issued ruling, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation confirmed the constitutionality of the current criminal procedural order under which investigators do not need to obtain a court warrant to access the content of electronic communications found on telephones, tablets, and personal computers of persons investigated at the scene […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Release of Pregnant Women in Pretrial Detention

(Mar. 15, 2018) On February 20, 2018, the second chamber of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided by a majority vote to grant collective habeas corpus to women currently in pretrial detention and place them under house arrest instead. This decision applies to all women prisoners in the national territory who are pregnant or mothers […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Allows Transfer of Two Transvestites to Prisons Compatible with their Sexual Orientation

(Mar. 14, 2018) On February 19, 2018, Justice Luis Roberto Barroso of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in a habeas corpus proceeding that two persons who self-identified as transvestites and who had been placed in a men’s prison cell be transferred to a prison that is “compatible with their gender identity.” (Ministro determina transferência […]

Sweden: Appellate Court Grants Sami Village “Better Right” to Hunting Rights, but Not Control over Them

(Mar. 8, 2018) On January 23, 2018, the Appeals Court for Upper Norrland (Hovrätten for Övre Norrland) decided that the Sami village Girjas has a “better right” to fishing and hunting rights in its reindeer-grazing area than the Swedish state, concluding that the state has no right to fishing or hunting in that area. The […]

Malaysia: Federal Court Rules that State Sharia Court Has Jurisdiction Over Apostasy Cases

(Mar. 6, 2018) On February 27, 2018, it was reported that the Malaysian Federal Court (the highest court in Malaysia) had dismissed an appeal by four people from the state of Sarawak who wished to have their apostasy cases considered in a civil court. (Sharon Ling, Federal Court Rules Jurisdiction to Hear Apostasy Cases Lies […]