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Italy: New Legislation on Honorary Judges

(Sept. 28, 2017) On July 18, 2017, new legislation amending the statute on honorary judges and other judges entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 116 of July 13, 2017, Organic Reform of the Honorary Judiciary and Other Provisions on Justices of the Peace as well as Temporary Regulations on Honorary Magistrates in Service, […]

Egypt: Judicial Supervision of Electoral Process to Be Eliminated

(July 31, 2017) On July 4, 2017, the Egyptian Council of Representatives (the parliament) approved a law on eliminating the role of the judiciary in supervising future parliamentary and presidential elections. The new law assigns the National Electoral Commission as the sole agency in charge of monitoring future general elections and referenda.  Two-thirds of the […]

Egypt: Parliament Approves an Amendment to the Judicial Authority Law

(May 2, 2017) On April 26, 2017, the Council of Representatives, the Egyptian parliament, passed Law No. 13 of 2017 amending the Judicial Authority Law, Law No. 46 of 1972.  (Law No. 13 of 2017, 17 AL JARIDDAH AL-RASMYIAH [OFFICIAL GAZETTE] (Annex) (Apr. 27, 2017) (in Arabic); Law 46 of 1972, 40 AL JARIDDAH AL-RASMYIAH […]

Israel: Rabbinical Courts May Recommend Social Religious Sanctions Against Husbands Who Refuse to Divorce

(May 2, 2017) On February 28, 2017, Israel’s Supreme Court, sitting as a High Court of Justice, in a five-to-two decision, rejected an appeal lodged by two Jewish husbands against (separate) rulings by rabbinical courts to subject the men to the application of 12th century social/religious sanctions not expressly authorized under Israeli law.  (HCJ 5185/13 […]

China: New Supreme Court Interpretations on Enforcement of Civil Judgments

(Apr. 26, 2017) On February 28, 2017, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) released two judicial interpretations on enforcement of judgments in civil cases.  Both interpretations will come into effect on May 1, 2017.  (Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Guanyu Minshi Zhixing Zhong Caichan Diaocha Ruogan Wenti de Guiding [SPC Provisions on […]

Italy: Law to Increase Efficiency of Judicial Procedures

(Nov. 9, 2016) On August 31, 2016, new legislation designed to increase the efficiency of judicial proceedings entered into effect in Italy. (Decree Law No. 168 of August 31, 2016, Urgent Measures for the Settlement of Contentious Procedures Before the Court of Cassation [Supreme Court for Civil Matters], for the Efficiency of the Judiciary, and […]

Russian Federation: Constitutional Court Allows Country to Ignore ECHR Rulings

(May 18, 2016) On April 19, 2016, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation (RF) ruled for the first time that a decision of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) cannot be implemented in Russia because measures aimed at its implementation would contradict the Russian Constitution. (Press Release, RF Constitutional Court, Constitutional Court Announced […]

South Korea: Constitutional Court Decides Long-Running Case on Compensation for Forced Labor During Colonial Rule

(Jan. 6, 2016) A lawsuit called “the longest unresolved case” in Korea, which took the country’s Constitutional Court six years to deliberate, was finally settled in December 2015. (2009 Heonba 317 (Dec. 23, 2015) (in Korean); Yong-Jin Che, Claims Agreement Lawsuit That Gained Attention in Korea and Japan, Korean Constitutional Court Avoided Discussion, CHOSUN ILBO […]

Saudi Arabia: Women Not Allowed to Perform Notary Duties

(Nov. 14, 2014) Notaries public in Saudi Arabia are public employees under the Ministry of Justice, in accordance with article 73 and subsequent articles of the Judiciary Law issued by Royal Decree No. M/78 of 2007 (1428 Hijri). (Text of the Law [in Arabic] (Sept. 2, 2007), Bureau of Experts at the Council of Ministers […]