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Pakistan: Chief Justice Castigates Judiciary for Faults and Failings

(Apr. 26, 2011) In an effort to remove misconceptions about the judiciary, the Chief Justice of Pakistan, speaking at the Fourth National Judicial Conference, criticized the district judiciary for dealing with serious offenses in a cursory and casual manner, but defended it against undue criticism for acting against executive measures by stating that it has […]

Taiwan: Legislature Considers Draft Law Aimed at Improving Quality of Judges

(Jan. 19, 2011) It was reported on January 6, 2011, that a draft Judges Act aimed at promoting judicial probity by providing a mechanism for evaluating individual judges and dismissing those with poor performance records has passed a first reading in the Legislative Yuan. The Judiciary and Organic Laws and Statutes Committees approved the draft […]

China: Code of Ethics for Judges Revised

(Dec. 28, 2010) On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect immediately. (Faguan Zhiye Daode Jiben Zhunze, Fa Fa [2010] No. 53 (Basic Norms) & Faguan Xinwei […]

Czech Republic: Reduction of Salaries Proposed for Judges

(Oct. 1, 2010) Czech Finance Minister Miroslav Kalousek announced on September 26, 2010, that in two weeks the government will propose the lowering of the salaries of judges and other officials. The reduction would be of five percent. Kalousek added that “[t]his is an agreement we have firmly concluded. You can basically consider it a […]

European Union; Nigeria: Conference Held on Improving Judicial Performance Evaluation System

(Mar. 10, 2010) The European Union, under the Financing Agreement No. 9356/UNI “EU Support to Law Enforcement against Economic and Financial Crimes,” has granted Nigeria's judiciary N5.2 billion (about US$34 million) to help combat economic and financial crime and strengthen judicial integrity and capacity. The grant, funded by the European Development Fund for the period […]

Bangladesh: Forced Retirement of Two Judges Was Unconstitutional

(Oct. 20, 2009) The Prime Minister of Bangladesh ordered two district court judges into retirement on July 30, 2009. The Prime Minister's order was in retaliation for the judges' involvement in a demonstration at the Law Ministry protesting certain procedures relating to separation of the judiciary from the executive branch. The decision was made public […]

Indonesia: Judges Named as Soft on Corruption

(Aug. 28, 2009) The Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW), a non-governmental organization established in 1998, has issued a report criticizing 221 judges from 57 district courts, three high courts, and the Supreme Court. The organization says these judges have freed persons accused of corruption, clearing them of all charges. (Indonesia Corruption Watch, KARMAYOG, & ICW […]

India: Plan to Enact Law to Compel Judges to Disclose Assets

(Aug. 27, 2009) The Ministry of Law in India announced that the Government of India would introduce a law in the next session of the parliament to ensure that judges declare their assets and liabilities. Judges of the Supreme Court at present voluntarily file a statement with the Chief Justice of India (CJI) about their […]

United States: Judge’s Recusual Required Where Campaign Contributions Create Probable Bias

(June 15, 2009) On June 8, 2009, the Supreme Court ruled that the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution requires an elected state judge to recuse himself from a case when a party in the case had a significant and disproportionate influence in placing him on the court. A West […]

Russia: New Requirements for Judicial Appointments

(Dec. 15, 2008) On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian Federation President, who participates in the Congress. The Congress has the right to propose legislation and […]