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Turkey: Parliamentary Commission Approves Amendments to Constitution that Would Enhance President’s Powers

(Jan. 9, 2017) On December 30, 2016, the Commission on the Constitution in Turkey’s Grand National Assembly (GNA, the parliament) approved several draft amendments to the country’s Constitution that would, among other measures, augment the powers of the president and change the government to a presidential system from the current prime minister-led system. Of an […]

South Korea: President May Be Impeached

(Dec. 2, 2016) An impeachment motion against South Korean President Park Geun-hye has now been delayed and it is not certain whether it will be brought against her in, and passed by, the National Assembly. (Yoon-seung Kang, Impeachment Motion Delayed as Oppositions Fail to Narrow Gap, YONHAP NEWS (Dec. 1, 2016); for background on the […]

Thailand: Draft of New Constitution Completed

(May 5, 2015) On April 17, 2015, Thailand’s Constitution Drafting Committee (CDC) completed the first draft of a new Constitution. Relevant stakeholders, including the Cabinet, the military, and the National Reform Council, will have the opportunity until May 25 to review the document and submit proposals for amendments to the CDC. (Aukkarapon Niyomyat, Draft Thai […]

Bangladesh: Sixteenth Amendment to Constitution Empowers Parliament to Impeach Justices

(Nov 10, 2014) Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part VI, chapter one, article 96, of the Bangladesh Constitution, which includes provisions on the tenure of office of the Supreme […]

Burma: Resignation of Constitutional Court Justices

(Sept. 12, 2012) The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House of the country’s Parliament as part of a dispute between that body and the government of […]

Egypt: Government Rejects Draft Law on the Impeachment of the President

(Mar. 27, 2012) On March 21, 2012, the Assistant Minister of Justice in the current cabinet rejected the draft law submitted by Members of Parliament on the impeachment of the President. The draft law would grant to the legislative branch the right to interrogate the President, remove him from office, and impose other punishments against […]

Romania: Constitutional Court Holds Election Law Unconstitutional

(Feb. 1, 2012) Romania’s Constitutional Court, in a ruling delivered on January 25, 2012, held as unconstitutional a new law that permits local and parliamentary elections to be held at the same time. (Maureen Cosgrove, Romania Constitutional Court Rejects Controversial Election Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 26, 2012); Comunicat de Presa [Press Release], The Constitutional […]

Iceland: Banking Collapse Trial of Former Prime Minister Begins

(Sept. 6, 2011) On September 5, 2011, the trial of Geir Haarde, former Prime Minister of Iceland, opened in the Landsdomur, a 15-member special court established to try criminal cases involving Cabinet ministers. Haarde faces charges of intentional or gross negligence in failing to prevent the country’s 2008 financial crisis, in which the banking system […]

Taiwan: Law on Removal of Judges Adopted, But Dinosaur Judges Might Not Become Extinct

(July 6, 2011) On June 14, 2011, Taiwan’s legislature adopted a controversial Judges Act (Fa-kuan fa) that creates a mechanism for removal from office of incompetent judges. The 103-article Act has been in the making for 23 years, but critics contend that the law is flawed and may harm judicial independence in Taiwan. (Judges Act […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Decision on Clean Record Law

(Nov. 4, 2010) After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF – Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October 27, 2010, determined that the Clean Record Law (Lei da Ficha Limpa) is applicable to the […]