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Canada: Federal Court Rules Safe Third Country Agreement with U.S. Is Unconstitutional

(Feb. 2, 2008) In the immediate aftermath of the events on September 11, 2001, Canada and the United States issued a statement on common security priorities. One of the top priorities was to develop a Safe Third Country Agreement that would require persons from third countries to present refugee claims in Canada or the United […]

United Kingdom: New Immigration Fees Announced

(Feb. 2, 2008) The UK Home Office has announced new immigration fees as part of a reform of border security provisions. Although fees for a number of immigration services, such as those for student visas, will be unchanged, there will be increases to keep some fees in line with inflation. For the new points-based immigration […]

Canada: Supreme Court Refuses to Hear Appeals of U.S. Deserters

(Dec. 2, 2007) On November 15, 2007, the Supreme Court of Canada declined to hear the appeals of two U.S. military deserters who had sought refugee status in Canada. (Brandon David Hughey v. Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, No. 3211 & Jeremy Hinzman v. Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, No. 32112, (last visited Dec. […]

France: Constitutional Council Validates DNA Testing for Immigration Cases

(Dec. 2, 2007) On November 15, 2007, the Constitutional Council of France found that voluntary recourse to DNA testing, limited to showing the relationship with the mother when there is serious doubt regarding the authenticity of a document presented to establish family ties, does not violate the principle of equality of citizens before the law. […]

European Union: Proposal for a “Blue Card” for Skilled Immigrants

(Nov. 2, 2007) According to the European Commission's estimates, the European Union will experience labor shortages that will reach their peak by 2050. Around that time, 25 million Europeans will reach retirement age and approximately one-third of the population will be over 65 years of age. As the EU Home Affairs Commissioner Franco Frattini indicated, […]

France: Immigration Reform Pending

(Nov. 2, 2007) Following a campaign promise made by presidential candidate Nicolas Sarkozy, in the last few weeks the French Parliament has debated a new immigration law that would further tighten the requirements for family reunification. Law 2006-911 of July 24, 2006, on Immigration and Integration, had already made the conditions for family reunification more […]

Germany: Transposition of EU Directives on Immigration and Asylum

(Nov. 2, 2007) On August 19, 2007, the German Parliament enacted the Act to Transpose European Union Directives on Immigration and Asylum (BUNDESGESETZBLATT I at 1970). The Act transposes 11 European Union directives into domestic law, among them the Council Directive 2003/109/EC of April 29, 2004, Concerning the Status of Third-Country Nationals Who Are Long-Term […]

Japan: Children of Japanese Who Emigrated to Philippines before WWII

(Nov. 2, 2007) All Japanese people have records in the Family Register. Therefore, it is easy to prove that a person is Japanese by submitting an official copy of the Family Register. A few hundred Filipinos whose fathers were Japanese had a hard time to prove that because they could not find their fathers' records […]