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Cambodia: Former Khmer Rouge Minister Charged with Crimes Against Humanity

(June 2, 2008) Ieng Thirith, the former Khmer Rouge Social Affairs Minister, has been charged by the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) with crimes against humanity (murder, extermination, imprisonment, persecution, and other inhuman acts) in accordance with articles 5, 29(new), and 39(new) of the Law on the Establishment of the Extraordinary Chambers […]

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia; United Nations: Tribunal Officials Urge More Support for Genocide Trials

(June 2, 2008) On June 4, 2008, the Presidents and Prosecutors of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) stated to the United Nations Security Council that more efforts must be made to arrest fugitives responsible for genocide and other atrocities. They also called for […]

Angola: U.N. Office Ordered to Shut Down

(May 2, 2008) The United Nations Office for Human Rights has until May 31, 2008, to close its office in Angola by order of the Angolan government. According to Vegard Bye, Chief of the U.N. Office in Angola, on March 4, 2008, Manuel Aragão, Angolan Minister of Justice, officially communicated to the U.N. High Commission […]

Nepal: Government Ordered to Enact Law Against Excessive Use of Force

(May 2, 2008) On May 12, 2008, the Supreme Court of Nepal ordered the government to enact a law that would address human rights violations resulting from excessive use of force, and also provide for compensation for the victims. In drafting the law, the order further states, the government is to seek the help of […]

Turkey: Controversial Criminal Code Provision Amended

(May 2, 2008) On April 30, 2008, Turkey's Grand National Parliament passed an amendment to a controversial provision of the Criminal Code. The Turkish legislature had adopted a new Criminal Code on September 26, 2004, that became effective on June 1, 2005. (Law No. 5237, Sept. 26, 2004, T.C. RESMI GAZETE [Official Gazette of the […]

Belgium: Compensation of Holocaust Survivors

(Apr. 2, 2008) The Commission on Restitution for Holocaust Victims (Commission pour le dédommagement des membres de la Communauté juive de Belgique) issued its final report on February 4, 2008. The Commission reviewed 5,620 claims and awarded compensation in 5,210 cases, for a total amount of €35.2 million (about US$55.4 million). One hundred sixty-two awards […]

Israel: Special Subsidies for Needy Elderly and Holocaust Survivors

(Apr. 2, 2008) On March 31, 2008, the Knesset (Parliament) passed the Program for Increase of Income Protection Benefits for Needy Elderly and Holocaust Survivors (Amendments) 5768-2008. The law is designed to improve the economic status of elderly persons and set arrangements for assistance to holocaust survivors. The law provides for monthly pensions to be […]

Liberia: UN Urges Human Rights Improvement

(Apr. 2, 2008) A new United Nations report, prepared by the U.N. mission in Liberia, discusses human rights conditions in the country and makes 12 major recommendations to improve the situation in the country. Covering the May to October 2007 period, the 24-page report concerns violations of economic, social, civil, and political rights, as well […]

Moldova: New Law on Freedom of Assembly

(Apr. 2, 2008) On February 29, 2008, the Parliament of Moldova adopted a new Law on Assembly, drafted in accordance with the Moldova–European Union Action Plan adopted by the European Union and aimed at developing democratic values in Moldova. The Law establishes that mass gatherings and assemblies in public places do not need to be […]

Rwanda: Genocide Revisionism Law

(Apr. 2, 2008) On February 8, 2008, members of the Chamber of Deputies (Lower House) of the Rwandan Parliament voted in favor of a controversial new law aimed at stopping "genocide ideology," a term for the outlook that perpetrators of genocide foster to fan divisive hate campaigns between different groups of Rwandans. The law comes […]