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International: World Intellectual Property Organization Announces Service Providing Evidence of Intellectual Assets’ Authorship

(July 1, 2020) On May 27, 2020, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) announced a new service called WIPO PROOF, which reportedly provides evidence of the existence of digital files in any format at a point in time in order to document their authorship. According to WIPO, because creative activities are increasingly digital, global, and […]

Germany: Berlin Adopts Antidiscrimination Act

(June 30, 2020) On June 21, 2020, a new antidiscrimination act entered into force in the city-state of Berlin, Germany. The act, entitled the State Antidiscrimination Act, prohibits Berlin public authorities, including police and public schools and universities, from engaging in discrimination on the grounds of gender, ethnic origin, racial association, religion or belief, disability, […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Declares Criminal Code Provision on Child Abduction Unconstitutional

(June 30, 2020) On May 29, 2020, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision declaring the unconstitutionality of a Criminal Code provision on the suspension of parental authority in cases of child abduction and child maintenance overseas. (Decision No. 102 of May 29, 2020.) Background of the Case At the request of the Supreme Court […]

Italy: Supreme Court of Cassation Issues Decision on Rights of Detained Persons

(June 26, 2020) On May 22, 2020, the Italian Supreme Court of Cassation (SCC) issued a decision declaring unconstitutional a provision imposing a radical ban on communication between incarcerated persons who, in accordance with Law No. 94 of July 15, 2009 and article 4-bis of Law No. 354 of July 26, 1975, are grouped together […]

Japan: Law to Prevent “Powa-Hara” (Power Harassment) Takes Effect

(June 22, 2020) On June 1, 2020, the 2019 amendment to the Labor Policy Comprehensive Promotion Act (Act No. 132 of 1966, amended by Act No. 24 of 2019 (Reiwa)) took effect. The amendment act, nicknamed the “Powa-Hara (Power Harassment) Prevention Act,” had been promulgated on June 5, 2019. A 2016 survey on power harassment […]

European Union: Member States Adopt Technical Specifications to Ensure Interoperability of COVID-19 Contact Tracing Apps

(June 19, 2020) On June 16, 2020, the European Union (EU) member states agreed on a set of detailed technical specifications to ensure the interoperability of national COVID-19 contact tracing apps that use a decentralized approach. Each member state must designate a technical lead who will have operational responsibility for ensuring interoperability. In addition, guidelines […]

Norway: Data Protection Authority Orders National Health Authority to Stop Collecting User Data from COVID-19 App

(June 19, 2020) On June 15, 2020, the Norwegian Data Protection Authority announced that it had ordered the Norwegian National Health Authority (Folkehelseinstituttet, FHI) to stop collecting personal location data from its COVID-19 app, Smittestop. The Data Protection Authority had previously launched an investigation into the data collection associated with the app and asked the […]

Germany: Corona Warning App Launched

(June 18, 2020) On June 16, 2020, the German government launched the “Corona Warning App,” a voluntary mobile phone application to alert persons who have been in proximity to someone infected with COVID-19. Since its launch, the app has been downloaded by 6.5 million people. As of June 15, 2020, 186,461 people had tested positive […]

China: Recommended National Guidelines for Health Code Apps Issued

(June 9, 2020) On April 29, 2020, the Standardization Administration of China and the State Administration for Market Regulation jointly released a series of National Guidelines for Personal Health Information Codes that specify requirements for health code apps in their collection, processing, and use of personal health information. During the current COVID-19 pandemic, Chinese provinces […]