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Russia: Mandatory HIV Testing Before Marriage Proposed

(Sept. 15, 2015) On September 9, 2015, legislation aimed at establishing additional requirements for marriage registration was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. (Bill No. 878942-6 on Amending Article 26 of the Federal Law on Civil Status Acts, Russian Federation State Duma website (last visited Sept. 14, 2015) (in Russian) [click […]

Gambia: Law Enacted Making Aggravated Homosexuality a Crime

(Nov. 26, 2014) On October 9, 2014, The Gambia’s President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country’s Criminal Code. (Gambian Leader Approves Anti-Gay Law, GUARDIAN (Nov. 21, 2014).) The Act was adopted by […]

Namibia: Supreme Court Ruling Against Forced Sterilizations of HIV-Positive Women

(Nov. 10, 2014) On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an intermediate court ruling from July 2012, determining that the women had not freely given informed consent. (Alexandra Farone, Namibia High Court Rules […]

Russia: HIV-Infected Individuals Cannot Adopt Children

(Nov. 6, 2014) On September 23, 2014, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation upheld the legality of the list of illnesses that prohibit individuals from adopting children, establishing guardianship, or forming a foster family. (Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, Docket case AKPI 14-890 [in Russian], Supreme Court website (Sept. 23, 2014).) The List […]

Uganda: New Law Criminalizes HIV/AIDS Transmission, Requires Pregnant Women to Undergo HIV Testing

(Sept. 17, 2014) In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. (Press Release, Center for Reproductive Rights, Uganda President Yoweri Museveni Signs Callous Law Criminalizing HIV and […]

Brazil: People with HIV/AIDS Protected Against Discrimination

(June 9, 2014) On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory conduct against such persons because of their condition is considered a crime, to be punished with one […]

Fiji: HIV/AIDS Decree Approved by Cabinet

(Jan. 26, 2011) On January 18, 2011, it was announced that the Fiji Cabinet had approved the HIV/AIDS Decree 2011. (Press Release, Ministry of Information, 1-18-11 Cabinet Approves HIV/AIDS Decree 2011 (Jan. 18, 2011), http://www.fiji.gov.fj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3226:cabinet-approves-hivaids-decree-2011&catid=71:press-releases&Itemid=155.) This Decree “aims to safeguard the privacy and rights of persons infected or affected by HIV/AIDS,” (id.) including by: · […]

International Labour Organization: Global Labor Standard on HIV/AIDS Adopted

(June 21, 2010) On June 17, 2010, the International Labour Organization (ILO), the United Nations body devoted to labor issues, adopted a standard on HIV and AIDS. The action came during the ILO annual meeting and is the first time an international human rights document has focused on the disease and how it is handled […]

Asia: AIDS Law Database Launched

(Mar. 10, 2010) On March 9, 2010, Asia Catalyst, “a resource for grassroots groups working for economic and social rights in Asia,” announced the launch of its free Asia AIDS Law Database, in a “public beta” version searchable in English and Chinese. An Asia Catalyst press release states that the new database, which has HIV/AIDS-related […]

Africa: Draft HIV Law for East African Community

(Dec. 9, 2009) The East African Community (EAC) is drafting a law to provide a joint, regional response to HIV AIDS treatment for persons as they move freely across EAC Member States' borders. The EAC, headquartered in Arusha, Tanzania, comprises Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. A consultancy group's report, based on a study of […]