Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Portugal: “Medicine Baby” Authorized

(May 7, 2015) The National Council for Medically Assisted Procreation (Conselho Nacional de Procriação Medicamente Assistida) of Portugal for the first time authorized a couple whose five-year-old daughter suffers from leukemia to have a baby, selected from laboratory-generated embryos, who would be able to be a bone marrow donor compatible with his or her older […]

Israel: Court Rejects Request for Recognition of Contract-Based Parenthood

(Apr. 15, 2015) On April 1, 2015, Israel’s Supreme Court, in a unanimous decision by an extended bench of seven justices, rejected a petition by an unmarried woman with a muscle atrophy disease to adopt a child born to a surrogate mother. The child was born in Israel from a donated sperm and a donated […]

Thailand: New Surrogacy Law

(Apr. 6, 2015) On February 19, 2015, the National Legislative Assembly of Thailand enacted the Protection for Children Born Through Assisted Reproductive Technologies Act (ART Act), which will be enforced after it is published in the Royal Thai Government Gazette. (Senate Meeting Minutes (Feb. 19, 2015), Thai Senate website; text of the Act, Thai Senate […]

Sri Lanka: Warning Labels on Cigarette Packages

(Jan. 5, 2015) In accordance with a July 11, 2014, Supreme Court order that came into effect on January 1, 2015, the leading tobacco manufacturer in Sri Lanka now must print health warnings on packs of cigarettes. (Sri Lanka to Have Graphic Package Warnings – Finally!, Framework Convention Alliance website (July 16, 2014).) The Ceylon […]

Nigeria: National Health Bill Enacted

(Dec. 16, 2014) It was reported recently that Nigeria’s President, Goodluck Jonathan, signed into law the National Health Bill, 2014. Ten years in the making, the law aims to improve the country’s healthcare system, including access to primary care for vulnerable segments of the population, such as women, children and the elderly. (Lekan Adetayo & […]

Israel: Law on Inspection of Food Quality and Nutrition in Educational Institutions Passed

(Nov. 13, 2014) On July 28, 2014, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Food Quality and Proper Nutrition in Educational Institutions Inspection Law, 5774-2014 (Food Quality Law). (SEFER HAHUKIM [Book of Laws, SH] 5774 No. 2470 p. 762, Knesset website (Aug. 7, 2014).) The Law requires the Minister of Education, in consultation with the Minister […]

Namibia: Supreme Court Ruling Against Forced Sterilizations of HIV-Positive Women

(Nov. 10, 2014) On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an intermediate court ruling from July 2012, determining that the women had not freely given informed consent. (Alexandra Farone, Namibia High Court Rules […]

Russia: HIV-Infected Individuals Cannot Adopt Children

(Nov. 6, 2014) On September 23, 2014, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation upheld the legality of the list of illnesses that prohibit individuals from adopting children, establishing guardianship, or forming a foster family. (Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, Docket case AKPI 14-890 [in Russian], Supreme Court website (Sept. 23, 2014).) The List […]

World Health Organization: Report Calls for E-Cigarettes to Be Strictly Regulated

(Oct. 15, 2014) In a report entitled Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems, to be discussed at the Conference of the Parties to the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, scheduled for October 13-18, 2014, the WHO recommends strict regulation of electronic cigarettes. (Taylor Gillan, World Health Organization Calls for Strong Regulation of Electronic […]

Israel: Precedent-Setting Decision on Rabbinical Court

(July 16, 2014) Israel’s High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (HCJ 8533/13 Anonymous v. Supreme Rabbinical Court [in Hebrew], State of Israel: The Judicial Authority website (June […]