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Africa: Model Law Criminalizing HIV/AIDS Transmission Under Criticism

(Aug. 14, 2009) According to a news report dated August 8, 2009, the Model Law for HIV/AIDS, a document drafted during a 2005 workshop in Chad in which 18 countries from western and central Africa participated, is coming under increasing criticism from civil society organizations that see the model law as counterproductive in the fight […]

Mexico: Electronic Platform to Track Evolution of Human Influenza A(H1N1)

(June 29, 2009) Mexico's National Epidemiological Surveillance System (Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia Epidemiológica, SINAVE, http://www.rhove.gob.mx/ (last visited June 19, 2009)) was designated on May 2, 2009, as the exclusive authority for tracking the evolution of the human influenza virus A(H1N1) and as the venue for all information concerning the virus's evolution. (Acuerdo por el que […]

Macau: Smoking Ban in Public Places to Be Adopted

(June 5, 2009) The Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China plans to amend its legislation on tobacco control to ban smoking indoors in all public facilities. According to the Director of the Health Bureau, speaking on May 31, 2009, on the occasion of Macau's “World No Tobacco Day” campaign, Decree-Law No. […]

Malawi: Legal Action Against Government on Abortion

(May 4, 2009) It was reported on April 29, 2009, that Women in Law in Southern Africa-Malawi (WILSA-Malawi), a women's rights group in Malawi, is bringing a legal action against the Malawian government for prohibiting women from access to safe abortions. According to Seodi White, WILSA-Malawi's executive director, forcing a woman to carry an unwanted […]

Uganda: Bill Would Impose Tougher Restrictions on Tobacco

(Mar. 13, 2009) It was reported on March 4, 2009, that the Ugandan government is gearing up to propose the Tobacco Bill of 2009, which would impose tougher limits on the use of tobacco in the country. This bill, if passed into law, would put an end to advertising of tobacco in the media and […]

Holy See (Vatican City State): Abortion Pill Not Innocent Drug for Health

(Jan. 12, 2009) The Vatican recently condemned the RU486 pill, which was approved by the Italian government in February 2008, because it is intended for abortion. Cardinal Javier Lozano Garragan, the Health Minister of the Holy See, stated: “[t]he Catholic Church understands the personal drama of a young woman who is pregnant against her will, […]

Kenya: Proposed Law to Decriminalize Abortions

(Sept. 30, 2008) It was reported on September 16, 2008, that a new draft bill on women's reproductive health and rights, which seeks to decriminalize abortions, is ready to beintroduced in Kenya's Parliament. Impetus for the bill came from a campaign launched by civil society activists in May, sparking nation-wide debate on the issue, to […]

Australia: New National Transplant Authority

(Sept. 29, 2008) The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within Australia. Since July 2005, Australians have been able to register via a national agency to be […]

India: High Court Denial of Abortion Petition Prompts Review of Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act

(Sept. 17, 2008) Upon being advised by their physicians that the baby to be born to them would have a congenitally defective heart, an Indian couple, Haresh Mehta and his wife, Niketa, applied for permission to abort the 24-week-old fetus. The Bombay High Court denied permission. India's Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971(MTPA) allows physicians […]

Peru: Anti-Drug Effort Jurisdiction and Drug Registry

(Sept. 16, 2008) On July 8, 2008, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru promulgated Law No. 29251, amending Law No. 28303 on the supervision of chemical ingredients and controlled products. The Law specifies those entities that have the authority to control and supervise material that can be used in the production of drugs and creates […]