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European Union: Proposal for Self-Extinguishing Cigarettes

(Sept. 4, 2008) Self-extinguishing cigarettes, which go out automatically within a minute if not puffed, are sold in Canada and in some states in the United States. Recently, the European Commission announced that all cigarettes have to be “fire-safe” by 2011. EU Commissioner for Consumer Protection Meglena Kuneva remarked that “by introducing self-extinguishing cigarettes, at […]

Romania: Abortion Permitted in Rape Case

(July 2, 2008) It was recently reported that Romania is making an exception to its laws to permit an eleven-year-old girl to have an abortion. The girl became pregnant after being raped by her uncle. Romanian law permits abortions only up until the 14th week of a pregnancy. The exception was approved by a government […]

South Africa: National Defense Force Concedes Discrimination Against HIV Positive Individuals Unlawful

(June 2, 2008) The South African National Defense Force (SANDF) and the AIDS Law Project, representing the South African Security Forces' Union and individual members of the military, reached a “concept agreement,” which was later turned into a court order, before the Pretoria High Court. Under the agreement, the SANDF concedes that its employment policy […]

South Korea: Legalizing Abortion to Be Considered

(Mar. 2, 2008) The South Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare drafted a new policy in late 2007 to seek more realistic measures to address the growing number of abortions in the country. These measures include changing the law that restricts abortions with criminal sanctions. The Ministry held a hearing on February 13, 2008. There […]

Russia: New Abortion Restrictions

(Dec. 2, 2007) On October 29, 2007, the Russian Federation Health Care and Social Development Ministry issued an executive regulation that establishes a new procedure for providing abortion services. According to the new rules, while abortion remains covered by state health programs, each woman who is planning to undergo this procedure during the first 12 […]

Southern African Development Community: Model Laws to Combat HIV

(Dec. 2, 2007) The Southern Africa Development Community's (SADC) Parliamentary Forum Standing Committee has initiated the preparation of model laws to complement its member countries' existing measures to combat HIV/AIDS. SADC legislators, lawyers, and health sector representatives from the member states took part in a consultative meeting on the initiative on November 10, 2007. (SADC […]

United States: Alaska Supreme Court Holds Parental Consent Requirement Unconstitutional Under Alaska Constitution

(Nov. 2, 2007) On November 2, the Supreme Court of Alaska held that a law requiring minors to obtain parental consent before obtaining an abortion violated the right of privacy provision of the Alaska Constitution. The Alaska Constitution includes a provision stating that "[t]he right of the people to privacy is recognized and shall not […]