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New Zealand: Court of Appeal Finds Non-Payment of Family Caregivers to Be Discriminatory

(May 15, 2012) On May 14, 2012, New Zealand's Court of Appeal ruled that a Ministry of Health policy affecting the payment of caregivers of disabled family members is discriminatory. (Ministry of Health v. Atkinson [2012] NZCA 184.) Under the policy, government funding is available to pay for support services for disabled people where those […]

Denmark: New Smoking Law Controversial

(Apr. 24, 2012) A new smoking law agreed to on April 21, 2012, in Denmark, will impose a ban on smoking in educational institutions designed for children and youths and in single-person offices. Staff members will be able to smoke on the grounds of schools only in their private quarters and only when no students […]

New Zealand: Legislation Requiring Plain Packaging for Tobacco Products to Be Developed

(Apr. 23, 2012) On April 19, 2012, New Zealand's Associate Health Minister, Hon. Tariana Turia, announced that the Cabinet had agreed in principle to develop legislation requiring plain packaging for tobacco products. However, any proposed legislation will be subject to a public consultation process, to be conducted later this year. (Press Release, Hon. Tariana Turia, […]

Brazil: Criminalization of Some Abortions Ruled Unconstitutional

(Apr. 19, 2012) On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940) that considers abortion of anencephalic babies a crime based on the […]

Rwanda: Parliament Mulling Proposal to Legalize Abortion

(Apr. 5, 2012) On March 26, 2012, it was reported that the Rwandan Parliament is considering a draft presidential order aimed at legalizing abortion in limited circumstances, including in cases of rape, incest, or serious health risk to the mother. (Abortion Might be Legalized in Certain Cases, THE RWANDA FOCUS (Mar. 26, 2012).) Currently, all […]

Argentina: Supreme Court Decision on Abortion

(Mar. 16, 2012) On March 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of Argentina rendered a decision in the case of an abortion performed on a 15-year-old adolescent, who became pregnant after being abused by her stepfather. (Fallo 259, CSJN [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación] (Mar. 13, 2012), FSAL [the petitioner] s. /Medida Autosatisfactiva). In […]

Indonesia: Stricter Anti-Tobacco Rules Being Drafted

(Feb. 23, 2012) On February 21, 2012, Bambang Sulistomo, an advisor to Indonesia's Health Ministry, announced the country would be going forward with stricter rules on tobacco sales and labeling. The plans have been under discussion since 2010 and have faced opposition from the tobacco industry. At present, the goal is to prohibit sales of […]

Indonesia: Bali Council Adopts Stringent Anti-Smoking Rules

(Nov. 30, 2011) It was reported on November 28, 2011, that the Legislative Council of the Province of Bali endorsed harsh punishments for persons caught smoking in non-smoking areas. If approved by the Minister of Home Affairs, the provincial regulation would impose either a six-month term of imprisonment or a fine of Rp50 million (about […]

Israel: Prohibition on Machine Sale of Tobacco Products

(Sept. 28, 2011) On August 3, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Tobacco Products for Smoking (Restriction on Advertising) Law, 5743-1983, as amended. The Law prohibits the advertising and sale of tobacco products to minors. It also authorizes sellers of such products to require customers to show identification for age verification. […]

Liechtenstein: No to Legalized Abortion

(Sept. 27, 2011) On September 18, 2011, the citizens of Liechtenstein voted in a referendum to reject a proposal to legalize abortion in that country, with 52.3% of votes cast against the measure and 47.7% in favor of it. The “Help Instead of Punishment” referendum called for decriminalizing abortion in the first 12 weeks of […]