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Chile: Law Permits Abortion on Three Grounds

(May 25, 2018) In September 2017, the Chilean National Congress passed a new law permitting abortion in some circumstances. (Ley 21030 que Regula la Despenalización de la Interrupción Voluntaria del Embarazo en Tres Causales [Law 21030 Regulating the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy on Three Grounds], DIARIO OFICIAL, Sept. 23, 2017, Library of the National Congress website.) […]

Spain: Bill on Alcohol Consumption to Punish Parents for Their Underage Children’s Drinking

(May 1, 2018) A report prepared by a committee composed of members of Spain’s Congress of Deputies (lower legislative chamber) and Senate (upper legislative chamber) recommends that Spain enact laws punishing parents for their underage children’s drinking. The penalties to be imposed on both children and parents would reinforce current sanctions and promote prevention of […]

Philippines/FAO: Agreement on Advice concerning Food Security Legislation

(Mar. 30, 2018) In January 2018, the Philippine government and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced the launch of the FAO Legislative Advisory Group-Philippines (FLAG-PH), which will hold discussions on legislative measures concerning food security, agriculture, and nutrition. (FAO, Legislators Launch Pilot Parliamentary Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in the Philippines, FAO (Jan. […]

Iceland: Bill on Male Circumcision Headed for Review

(Mar. 26, 2018) The Icelandic Parliament may vote on a bill on male circumcision later this year (114. mál, lagafrumvarp (bann við umskurði drengja), Althingi (Icelandic National Parliament) website). The proposal would ban male circumcisions on children unable to give their own consent and be punishable by up to six years’ imprisonment. (Frumvarp til laga […]

South Korea: Coffee Banned in Schools

(Mar. 23, 2018) On March 13, 2018, an amendment to the Special Act on Safety Management of Children’s Dietary Lifestyle was promulgated by the President of South Korea. (Special Act on Safety Management of Children’s Dietary Lifestyle, Act No. 14263, May 29, 2016, National Law Information Center website (in Korean), amended by Act No. 15485, […]

Germany: University Admission Rules for Medical Studies Partially Unconstitutional

(Jan. 16, 2018) On December 19, 2017, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) held that the federal framework and state implementing provisions regulating university admissions for medical studies at Germany’s public universities are partially incompatible with the German Basic Law, the country’s Constitution. The Court stated that the provisions infringe the applicants’ constitutional right […]

Brazil: New Rules Update the Criteria to Define Brain Death

(Dec. 15, 2017) On December 12, 2017, the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina, CFM) updated the criteria for the definition of brain death, which can now be diagnosed by more specialists in addition to neurologists. The new criteria established in Resolution CFM No. 2,173/17 (not yet available online) meets the requirements […]

United Kingdom: Viagra Made Available as Over-the-Counter Medication

(Dec. 12, 2017) The Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), an executive agency of the United Kingdom’s Department of Health responsible for regulating medicines, medical devices, and blood transfusion components, recently assessed whether Viagra Connect should become available as an over-the-counter medicine. At the end of November 2017, the results of the assessment were […]

Sweden: Supreme Court Rules Growing Medical Marijuana Is Minor Drug Offense

(Nov. 29, 2017) On November 20, 2017, the Swedish Supreme Court sentenced a man to a fine for growing medical marijuana in his home. He was sentenced to 40 day-fines at SEK130 a day (a total of SEK5,200, about US$630). (Case No. B 2106-16, Supreme Court, Nov. 20, 2017, HÖGSTA DOMSTOLEN (in Swedish).) Legal Provisions  Under Swedish […]

Brazil: New Rules Approved for Assisted Reproduction

(Nov. 20, 2017) The Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina, CFM) approved on November 9, 2017, Resolution No. 2.168, which updates the rules for the use of assisted reproduction techniques. (Resolução CFM No. 2.168/2017, DIÁRIO OFICIAL DA UNIÃO [OFFICIAL GAZETTE OF THE UNION] 73 (Nov. 10, 2017), CFM website; Reprodução Assistida: CFM Anuncia […]