Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Germany: University Admission Rules for Medical Studies Partially Unconstitutional

(Jan. 16, 2018) On December 19, 2017, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) held that the federal framework and state implementing provisions regulating university admissions for medical studies at Germany’s public universities are partially incompatible with the German Basic Law, the country’s Constitution. The Court stated that the provisions infringe the applicants’ constitutional right […]

Brazil: New Rules Update the Criteria to Define Brain Death

(Dec. 15, 2017) On December 12, 2017, the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina, CFM) updated the criteria for the definition of brain death, which can now be diagnosed by more specialists in addition to neurologists. The new criteria established in Resolution CFM No. 2,173/17 (not yet available online) meets the requirements […]

United Kingdom: Viagra Made Available as Over-the-Counter Medication

(Dec. 12, 2017) The Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), an executive agency of the United Kingdom’s Department of Health responsible for regulating medicines, medical devices, and blood transfusion components, recently assessed whether Viagra Connect should become available as an over-the-counter medicine. At the end of November 2017, the results of the assessment were […]

Sweden: Supreme Court Rules Growing Medical Marijuana Is Minor Drug Offense

(Nov. 29, 2017) On November 20, 2017, the Swedish Supreme Court sentenced a man to a fine for growing medical marijuana in his home. He was sentenced to 40 day-fines at SEK130 a day (a total of SEK5,200, about US$630). (Case No. B 2106-16, Supreme Court, Nov. 20, 2017, HÖGSTA DOMSTOLEN (in Swedish).) Legal Provisions  Under Swedish […]

Brazil: New Rules Approved for Assisted Reproduction

(Nov. 20, 2017) The Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina, CFM) approved on November 9, 2017, Resolution No. 2.168, which updates the rules for the use of assisted reproduction techniques. (Resolução CFM No. 2.168/2017, DIÁRIO OFICIAL DA UNIÃO [OFFICIAL GAZETTE OF THE UNION] 73 (Nov. 10, 2017), CFM website; Reprodução Assistida: CFM Anuncia […]

South Korea: Pilot Program Started for the Well-Dying Law

(Nov. 8, 2017) On October 23, 2017, a pilot program for the Hospice, Palliative Care, and Life-Sustaining Treatment Decision-Making Act, known as the “Well-Dying Law,” was implemented. (Act No. 14013 (Feb. 3, 2016), Korea Ministry of Government Legislation website (in Korean).)  The pilot program ends on January 15, 2018, and the Law will go into […]

Japan: Doctors Punished for Unauthorized Cord Blood Treatments

(Oct. 5, 2017) On September 22, 2017, two doctors in Japan were punished with a fine of one million yen (about US$9,000), based on the Act on the Safety of Regenerative Medicine, for having transplanted the umbilical cord blood of one person to another without prior submission of a treatment plan to the Ministry of […]

Brazil: Use of Dental Alloys Containing Mercury Prohibited in Brazil

(Sept. 27, 2017)   On September 15, 2017, the Brazilian Agency of Sanitary Surveillance (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária, ANVISA) issued Resolution RDC No. 173, which prohibits the manufacture, import, and commercialization in the national territory, as well as the use in health services, of mercury and mercury powder for amalgam alloy in a non-encapsulated […]

Iran: New Law Poses Health and Financial Problems for Thalassemia Sufferers

(Sept. 27, 2017) A recent Iranian law that in effect removes all foreign medications from the list of drugs covered by insurance organizations reportedly endangers the health of a large percentage of the country’s thalassemia patients and subjects them to heavy financial burdens.  (Law Creating Hurdles for Thalassemia Patients, FINANCIAL TRIBUNE (July 26, 2017).)  The […]

Portugal: New Law Further Regulates Surrogate Pregnancy

(Aug. 14, 2017) On July 31, 2017, the Government of Portugal enacted Regulatory Decree No. 6 to further regulate surrogate pregnancy (gestação de substituição), which is governed by Law No. 32 of 2006.  (Decreto Regulamentar No. 6/2017, de 31 de Julho (Regulatory Decree No. 6), DIÁRIO DA REPÚBLICA ELETRÓNIO; Lei No. 32/2006, de 26 de Julho (Surrogacy […]