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Italy: Vaccinations for Children Made Mandatory

(June 13, 2017) On May 19, 2017, the Italian Parliament approved the Decree-Law Containing Urgent Measures on the Compulsory Vaccination of Children, which makes vaccinations mandatory for children as a condition of school registration. (Italy Makes Childhood Vaccinations Compulsory, FRANCE24 (May 19, 2007); Decree-Law No. 73 of June 7, 2017, Urgent Provisions on Vaccine Prevention, GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (June 7, 2017), […]

Italy: Health and Safety Standards for Workers Exposed to Electromagnetic Fields

(Sept. 13, 2016) On September 2, 2016, new legislation on safety and health risks posed by electromagnetic fields entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 159 of August 1, 2016, Implementing EU Directive 2013/35/UE on the Minimum Safety and Health Standards Related to the Exposure of Workers to Risks Deriving from Physical Agents (Electromagnetic […]

Nepal: Immunization Law Adopted

(May 24, 2016) On January 26, 2016, Nepal’s President, Bidya Devi Bhandari, signed into law legislation on immunization. According to the Sabine Vaccine Institute, the new law is “a landmark piece of legislation that will make the country’s national immunization program more financially sustainable as new, costlier vaccines are introduced.”  (Nepal Enacts Bill to Strengthen […]

Brazil: Decree Launches National Pact for Healthy Eating

(Nov. 10, 2015) On November 3, 2015, Brazil published Decree No. 8,353, which creates a National Pact for Healthy Eating (Pacto Nacional para Alimentação Saudável). The purpose of the Pact is to expand the supply, availability, and consumption of healthy foods and to combat overweight, obesity, and disease caused by a poor diet. (Decreto No. […]

France: Constitutional Court Confirms Legal Obligation to Vaccinate Children

(June 23, 2015) On March 20, 2015, the Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council) found that the French legal requirement for parents to have their children vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, and poliomyelitis was constitutionally valid. (Conseil Constitutionnel (Constitutional Council), Decision No. 2015-458 QPC, Epoux L. (Mar. 20, 2015), Conseil Constitutionnel website.) The Conseil constitutionnel is the French […]

Japan: New Laws for Healthcare and Medical Strategy

(June 10, 2014) The Act to Promote Healthcare and Medical Strategy was promulgated in Japan on May 30, 2014. (See Kenko iryo senryaku suishin ho, Act No. 48 of 2014, House of Representatives website.) The Act is designed to create a system to support research and development in healthcare and the medical industry that will […]

Italy: Urgent Measures Concerning Education, Higher Education, and Research

(Nov. 29, 2013) Italy adopted a Decree-Law in September 2013 containing emergency measures designed to bolster classroom instruction, higher education, and research activities throughout the country. (Decreto-Legge 12 settembre 2013, n. 104 [Decree-Law No. 104, September 12, 2013] (effective the same day),NORMATTIVA, as amended and updated by Legge 8 novembre 2013, n. 128 [Law No. […]