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Israel: Expansion of Rabbinical Courts’ Enforcement Authority over Divorce Refusers

(Apr. 25, 2017) On April 3, 2017, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Rabbinical Courts (Enforcement of Divorce Judgements) (Amendment No. 8) Law, 5777-2017 (Amendment Law). (SEFER HAHUKIM [BOOK OF LAWS, official gazette, SH] 5777 No. 2627 p. 593, available at KNESSET NATIONAL LEGISLATION DATABASE (in Hebrew).)  The Amendment Law amends the Rabbinical Courts (Enforcement of […]

Brazil: New Law Creates System of Guarantees for Protection of Young Victims of Violence

(Apr. 20, 2017) On March 31, 2017, Brazil’s government adopted Law No. 13,431 to put in place a system of guarantees for children and adolescents who are witnesses to or victims of violence, to create mechanisms to prevent violence, and to establish measures of assistance and protection for children and adolescents in situations of violence. […]

Australia: Bail Presumption Reversed for Domestic Violence Cases in Queensland

(Apr. 14, 2017) On March 30, 2017, the Bail (Domestic Violence) and Another Act Amendment Act 2017 (Qld) received assent, following its passage by the Queensland Parliament on March 22. (Bail (Domestic Violence) and Another Act Amendment Act 2017 (Qld), Queensland Legislation website; Gail Burke, Domestic Violence Laws: Alleged Offenders Have to Prove Why They Should Get […]

Mongolia: Domestic Violence Made a Criminal Offense

(Apr. 12, 2017) On February 1, 2017, Mongolia’s newly amended Law to Combat Domestic Violence entered into force. The new Law was adopted on December 22, 2016, although it had originally been approved by the Great Hural (the parliament) on May 13, 2016, and scheduled for entry into effect on September 1 of that year. […]

China: Court Orders “Cooling-Down” Period in Divorce Proceedings

(Apr. 5, 2017) On March 8, 2017, a county court in Sichuan Province, China, reportedly ordered a divorcing couple to “cool down” for three months before mentioning the subject of divorce to each other.  “During the cooling-down period, the parties must remain calm and rational and think twice before acting, and in principle cannot bring up […]

Finland: Gender Neutral Marriage Act Enters Into Force

(Mar. 2, 2017) On March 1, 2017, the Finnish Marriage Act became gender neutral as amendments to the Act entered into force.  (Äktenskapslag [Marriage Act] (Finsk författningssamling [FFS] 13.6.1929/234), FINLEX.)  The amending Act was adopted on February 20, 2015.  (Lag om ändring av äktenskapslagen [Act on Amendment of the Marriage Act] (FFS 20.2.2015/156249), FINLEX.) Registered […]

Israel: Parents Cannot Use Late Son’s Frozen Sperm Against Widow’s Will

(Jan. 5, 2017) On December 22, 2016, Israel’s Supreme Court accepted an appeal against a decision of the Center-Lod District Court that had declared that half of 19 tubes of frozen sperm extracted from a man shortly after his death upon the request of his widow belonged to his parents. The appeal was lodged by the […]

Sweden: New Law Regulating Names Adopted

(Dec. 15, 2016) On November 9, 2016, the Swedish Parliament (Riksdagen) approved a new law that regulates how names are acquired in Sweden. (En ny lag om personnamn [A New Law on Personal Names], SVERIGES RIKSDAG (last visited Nov. 25, 2016); Lag om Personnamn (SFS 2016:1013) [Act on Personal Names] (New Name Law), Nov. 17, […]

France: Justice Reforms Adopted

(Dec. 6, 2016) On October 12, 2016, the French Parliament adopted a law reforming various aspects of the French justice system. The President promulgated the law on November 18.  (Loi n° 2016-1547 du 18 novembre 2016 de modernisation de la justice du XXIe siècle (1) [Law No. 2016-1547 of 18 November 2016 to Modernize XXIst […]

Pakistan: National Assembly Passes Hindu Marriage Bill

(Nov. 15, 2016) On September 26, 2016, the Hindu Marriage Bill was unanimously passed in Pakistan’s National Assembly, after three previous failed attempts to pass the bill in 2008, 2011, and 2012. (Kalbe Ali, NA Finally Passes Hindu Marriage Bill, DAWN (Sept. 27, 2016); Hamza Ameer, Why Is Pakistan Afraid of Passing the Hindu Marriage […]