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Italy: New Law Reorganizes Ministries

(Sept. 27, 2018) On July 13, 2018, new legislation reorganizing certain government ministries entered into force in Italy. (Decree Law No. 86 of July 12, 2018, Urgent Provisions on the Reorganization of the Competences of the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies, and the Ministry […]

Japan: Catastrophic Disaster Response Activated Following Hokkaido Earthquake

(Sept. 27, 2018) Japan’s northern island, Hokkaido, was hit by a powerful earthquake on September 6, 2018, causing people great suffering from the disruption of their normal lives and severe economic damage. (Haruka Nuga, Death Toll Rises, Flights Resume, Power Back in Japan Quake, AP NEWS (Sept. 8, 2018).) Prime Minister Abe announced on September […]

Comoros: Planned Constitutional Referendum on Presidential Term Limits Leads to Crisis

(July 30, 2018) On April 29, 2018, Comoros’s President Sem Azali Assoumani declared that a referendum on amending the country’s Constitution would be held in July 2018. (Les conclusions des assises soumises au référendum au mois de juillet [Assembly’s Conclusions to Be Decided by Referendum in July], GOUVERNEMENT DE L’UNION DES COMORES [GOVERNMENT OF THE […]

Afghanistan: Distribution of Controversial Electronic Identity Cards Launched

(July 19, 2018) The distribution of controversial Electronic National Identity Cards (known as the e-Tazkira) throughout Afghanistan was launched on May 3, 2018, by Afghan president Ashraf Ghani, with Ghani becoming the first person in the country to receive the card. The president cited security concerns as the factor that made him start the process, […]

South Korea: Labor Standards Law Amended to Limit Workweek

(May 18, 2018) On March 20, 2018, the President of South Korea promulgated an amendment to the country’s 1997 Labor Standards Act. The amendment had been passed by the National Assembly on February 27, 2018. (Labor Standards Act, Act No. 5309, Mar. 13, 1997, amended by Act No. 15513, Mar. 20, 2018 (in Korean).) The […]

China: 2018 Constitutional Amendment Adopted

(May 18, 2018) On March 11, 2018, the National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC or China) adopted an amendment to the PRC Constitution. The amendment contains 21 articles numbered 32 to 52 (the numbering of the articles continues from article 31 of the previous constitutional amendment). (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Xianfa […]

Pakistan: Law Passed Extending Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and Peshawar High Court to Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)

(May 15, 2018) On April 13, 2018, Pakistan’s Senate (upper house of Parliament) passed a bill allowing the Federal government to extend the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the Peshawar High Court to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). (Nadir Guramani, Senate Approves Bill to Extend Jurisdiction of Supreme Court, Peshawar High Court to […]

Nigeria: President Vetoes Electoral Act (Amendment) Bill

(Apr. 4, 2018) On March 13, 2018, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari, citing a number of concerns, vetoed  the Electoral Act (Amendment) Bill, a proposal aimed at making changes to the 2010 Electoral Act. (Taiwo Adisa, Buhari Withholds Assent to Electoral Act Amendment Bill Rearranging Elections Order, NIGERIAN TRIBUNE (Mar. 13, 2018); Electoral Act 6 of 2010 (Aug. […]

Liberia: Temporary Ban on Domestic Violence, Including Female Genital Mutilation

(Jan. 31, 2018) On January 19, 2018, as one of her last acts in office before handing power to current President George Weah, former Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf issued an executive order on domestic violence.  (Press Release, Liberia Executive Mansion, President Sirleaf Signs Executive Order on Domestic Violence (Jan. 20, 2018).) Sirleaf issued the Order after […]

Israel: State Not Authorized to Block Release of Terrorists’ Bodies to Families

(Dec. 28, 2017) On December 14, 2017, Israel’s Supreme Court, sitting as a High Court of Justice, by a two-to-one majority accepted petitions against the State’s holding the bodies of perpetrators of terrorist acts to enable future negotiations on the release of Israeli prisoners and bodies held by terrorist organizations. (HCJ 4466/16 Alian v. IDF […]