Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

European Union: Emissions Trading Scheme and Airlines

(July 2, 2008) A plan on emissions trading, known as the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), has been in force in the European Union since 1995. Based on Directive 2003/87/EC, ETS aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and is the biggest multi-country, multi-sector gas emission trading scheme not only in Europe, but also worldwide. The plan […]

Norway: New Hazardous Waste Strategy

(June 2, 2008) On April 21, 2008, Norway's Pollution Control Authority (Statens forurensningstilsyn, or SFT) announced that it is considering amending chapter 11 of the Waste Regulations (930/2004) “to improve opportunities for households to dispose of hazardous waste and to make collection targets legally binding.” The SFT also stated that it may revise the rules […]

Canada: Carbon Sequestration Project Announced

(May 2, 2008) Canada's western province of Saskatchewan is already the site of the world's largest demonstration or experimental project for injecting and storing carbon dioxide in underground oil fields. In the Weyburn and Apache fields, CO2 from industrial emissions has been injected into nearly depleted reserves to revive oil production and then sealed to […]

Austria: Environmental Automobile Tax

(Apr. 2, 2008) On February 29, 2008, Austria promulgated a law entitled Environmental Act 2007 (BUNDESGESETZBLATT (BGBl) I No. 46/2008). This law makes the tax burden on passenger cars and motorcycles dependent on the amount of carbon dioxide that they emit, and the tax on heating oil dependent on the amount of sulfur that it […]

China: Water Pollution Prevention Law Amended

(Mar. 2, 2008) On February 28, 2008, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress approved amendments to the Law on Prevention of Water Pollution. Under the revised Law, which enters into force on June 1, senior company executives may have up to half of their annual salary docked if they are found responsible for […]

Indonesia: Carbon Credit Plan for Rainforest

(Mar. 2, 2008) On February 7, 2008, a project to save Indonesia's Ulu Masen rainforest in Aceh Province, by using carbon trading markets to help villages preserve trees, was announced. Under the plan, villages that halt logging would receive about $26 million in revenue from the sale of carbon credits to individuals and companies seeking […]

South Korea: Plan to Reduce Ocean Dumping

(Mar. 2, 2008) South Korea dumped 2.02 million cubic meters of sewage from livestock farms, 1.71 million cubic meters of leftover food, and 1.61 million cubic meters of urban sewage into the ocean in 2007. Although South Korea ratified the 1972 Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter […]

Canada: Government Introduces Bill to Tackle Aquatic Invasive Species

(Feb. 2, 2008) On November 29, 2007, the government introduced a bill to create a new Fisheries Act for Canada. The major purpose of this bill is to provide for the development of a sustainable fisheries industry for the country. In recent years, stocks of once abundant species, such as the cod off Newfoundland, have […]

France: Financial Incentive to Purchase Clean Cars

(Feb. 2, 2008) In October 2007, a highly publicized environmental forum took place in Paris, the "Grenelle de l'environnement." The forum resulted in many recommendations to combat global warming and protect the environment. President Nicolas Sarkozy pledged to implement the recommendations and promised "an ecological revolution." The main measures include: suspending commercial farming of genetically-modified […]

United States: EPA Regulations on Power Plant Mercury Emissions Stuck Down

(Feb. 2, 2008) On February 8, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit invalidated two rules promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") concerning electric utility steam generating units ("EGUs"). The first rule removed coal- and oil-fired EGUs from the list of sources whose emissions are regulated under section 112 of […]