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Georgia: New Election Legislation

(Dec. 2, 2007) On November 20, 2007, as a part of the compromise between the opposition parties, the Parliament adopted amendments to Georgia's election laws, which will apply during the 2008 parliamentary elections. The amendments decrease the election threshold for the parties from the present seven percent to five, affect the composition of the election […]

Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan): Constitutional Amendments Passed on Election System

(Dec. 2, 2007) On October 21, 2007, a national referendum was held in Kyrgyzstan to adopt constitutional amendments designed, according to President Bakiev, to "resolve problems of tribalism, gender inequality, and under-representation of ethnic minorities." These amendments establish a new proportional electoral system, under which the parliament will be formed by political parties nominating nation-wide […]

Taiwan: Amendment of Election and Recall Law Provisions

(Dec. 2, 2007) Taiwan's Public Officials Election and Recall Law was significantly amended on November 7, 2007. The changes include revised provisions on campaign activities and expenditures and on candidate qualification requirements, as well as revised and new provisions on punishments for vote-buying. One example of the changes is that although the basic method of […]

Zimbabwe: Election Laws Amendment Bill

(Dec. 2, 2007) Upon reconvening on November 20, 2007, the Parliament of Zimbabwe was to consider, among other legislation, an Electoral Laws Amendment Bill that would establish the framework for the March 2008 joint presidential, parliamentary, and municipal elections. Critics contend that the bill is aimed at furthering President Robert Mugabe's re-election bid and may […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Decision Changes Electoral Law

(Nov. 2, 2007) On October 4, 2007, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court issued a decision determining that the "electoral mandates" (seats) of Members of Congress who keep switching from one political party to another belong to the political party on the basis of which they were initially elected and not to the Members themselves. The […]

Kenya: State Funding for Political Parties

(Nov. 2, 2007) The Kenyan Parliament recently adopted a bill on political parties, under which, for the first time, the state will provide state funding to political parties. The bill prescribes that a new Office of the Register of Political Parties will be responsible not only for registering and funding, but also for regulating the […]

Nepal: Key Elections Postponed

(Nov. 2, 2007) On October 5, 2007, Nepalese officials announced that the scheduled November 22 elections had been postponed for at least three, and possibly as long as six, months. The delay was caused by the failure of the coalition interim government and Maoists to reach agreement over the fate of the monarchy and the […]

Pakistan: Petition for Contempt of Court Against Chief Election Commissioner

(Nov. 2, 2007) On October 17, 2007, Wajihuddin Ahmed, a retired judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan (SCP) and a Presidential candidate for election in opposition to President Pervez Musharraf, filed a petition for contempt of court against the Chief Election Commissioner of Pakistan (CEC) for failing to comply with the October 5, 2007, […]

Tokelau: Independence Rejected

(Nov. 2, 2007) Tokelau, a small country consisting of three islands in the Pacific Ocean, has rejected proposed independence in a United Nations-observed referendum. A two-thirds majority of voters was required for Tokelau to move from a dependent territory to self-government in free association with New Zealand. (Press Release, Rt. Hon Helen Clark, Tokelau Referendum […]